3,077 research outputs found

    Understanding the Misunderstood Emotion: A Mixed-Methods Investigation of Variants of Anger

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    In cultural accounts and scholarly writings about anger, we see conceptualizations that reflect the existence of two variants: an anger perceived as moral, appropriate, and justified; and an anger considered wrong and unjustified. The present dissertation is focused on finding the boundaries between the two. From a functionalist perspective, it has been proposed that anger in response to harm to others is a justified prosocial reaction. Consistent with this notion, in Studies 1 and 2, I demonstrate that the expressivity norms and social consequences of anger depend on whether it is a response to harm to self or a reaction to harm to others. In the subsequent studies, I take a bottom-up approach to provide an in-depth understanding of the characteristics of the anger variants. Namely, in Study 3, I analyze participants’ narratives about their past experiences of justified and unjustified anger using qualitative thematic analysis, closed-vocabulary, and open-vocabulary text processing methods. In Study 4, I use a prototype approach to differentiate justified and unjustified anger experiences across ten dimensions. I demonstrate that these variants of anger have crucial differences in appraisals, perceptions of the targets, and the intra- and interpersonal consequences of anger. The insights from this research program have implications for constructing theories capable of explaining diverse anger experiences and can inform future interventions to address the maladaptive behaviors associated with anger

    “The United States, it’s supposed to be where dreams come true” : rhizomatic familias, nested policy contexts, and the attendant shaping of undocumented and mixed status students’ lived experiences in North Carolina

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    This qualitative research study explores the nature of the nested contexts (historical, political, socio-cultural) within which migrant youth experience restrictive immigration policies in North Carolina, while also examining how these youth perceive and experience the enactment of these policies through an interpretive policy framework combined with a critical policy analysis lens. Spotlighting these experiences highlights not only the structural obstacles and challenges these youth and their families face both within educational settings and in their daily life, but, importantly, underscores their capacity for agency and function as policy actors with the ability to recreate policy meaning and effect transformative change. The findings of this study suggest a need for structural policy reform and a series of systemic reforms within K-12 educational settings in North Carolina to provide schools with institutional mechanisms of support to meet migrant students’ needs. The study also develops a new conceptual framework, rhizomatic familias, on the basis of Deleuze and Guattari’s (1987) concept of the rhizome to call attention to mixed status families’ uniform experiences of illegality

    The management of brown bears in Sweden, Norway and Finland

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    There are about 2,700 bears in the central and northern parts of Sweden, about 150 bears in Norway (most of them along the Swedish, Finnish, and Russian borders), and about 2,400 in Finland, mostly in the eastern parts of the country. The conservation status of the brown bear is considered “Near Threatened” in Sweden and Finland and “Endangered” in Norway. All three countries have well-developed population monitoring programs, but the methods used differ widely. However, because these countries share the same population of bears, cross-border collaboration in research, management, and the sharing of information is well established. All three countries have damage compensation systems in place, however, the type of damages vary; in Sweden and Finland they are mainly due to depredation of semi-domestic reindeer in the northern parts of the countries, while damages in Norway are mainly related to the depredation of free-grazing sheep and they are concentrated in the eastern part of the country, along the border with Sweden. Bears in Sweden and Norway are managed at the regional level, while bears in Finland are managed on the national level. Hunting of bears is allowed in all three countries nowadays

    African American Masculinities in Ann Petry’s Oeuvre

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    This dissertation articulates how Ann Petry challenges the traditional notions about African American masculinities and redefines them with more positive and progressive attributes in her works. It probes the ways Petry’s black male characters face oppression, stereotypes, and systemic barriers, in relation to American hegemonic masculinity and (black) femininity. As black men, they are in the process of being permanently constructed due to the intersecting power of race, gender, class, and other categories on personal, social, and state levels in a context specific manner. I implement an intersectional reading method to analyze Petry’s constructions of African American masculinities, enhanced by a two-step strategy of identify-by-explaining categories and asking the other question about their constitutive and overlapping dynamics. This dissertation also addresses Petry’s underrepresented role in subverting the socially constructed and maintained stereotypes about African American masculinities and proposes two reasons for it. Firstly, there is an actual interplay between reinforcing and subverting stereotypes in Petry’s novels and short stories, which I regard as part of an evaluation of her oeuvre. On the one hand, she depicts stereotypical African American male characters in “Like a Winding Sheet” (1945), The Street (1946), and “In Darkness and Confusion” (1947) in order to revisit and refine the violent and sexually driven black masculine stereotypes. On the other, she represents black male characters as racially-conscious and diverse in “Solo on the Drums” (1947), The Narrows (1953), and “The New Mirror” (1965) to maintain her non-essentialist and progressive definitions of black masculinities. Secondly, reading Petry on the periphery of protest fiction – epitomized in the works of black male authors such as Richard Wright – overshadows her divergent aesthetics and impedes her contribution to the advancement of mid-century African American fiction. By depicting black male characters from the perspective of a female author, this dissertation showcases how Petry modifies the male-dominated modes of representation of black masculinities. The critique of Petry’s representations of African American masculinities, thus, expands outside the male vs. female dichotomy and repositions her beyond the confinements of protest novel aesthetics

    Summer/Fall 2023

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