144,619 research outputs found

    Symmetries of hadrons after unbreaking the chiral symmetry

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    We study hadron correlators upon artificial restoration of the spontaneously broken chiral symmetry. In a dynamical lattice simulation we remove the lowest lying eigenmodes of the Dirac operator from the valence quark propagators and study evolution of the hadron masses obtained. All mesons and baryons in our study, except for a pion, survive unbreaking the chiral symmetry and their exponential decay signals become essentially better. From the analysis of the observed spectroscopic patterns we conclude that confinement still persists while the chiral symmetry is restored. All hadrons fall into different chiral multiplets. The broken U(1)_A symmetry does not get restored upon unbreaking the chiral symmetry. We also observe signals of some higher symmetry that includes chiral symmetry as a subgroup. Finally, from comparison of the \Delta - N splitting before and after unbreaking of the chiral symmetry we conclude that both the color-magnetic and the flavor-spin quark-quark interactions are of equal importance.Comment: 12 pages, 14 figures; final versio

    Effective restoration of the U_A(1) symmetry with temperature and density

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    We investigate the full U(3)\otimesU(3) chiral symmetry restoration, at finite temperature and density, on the basis of a quark model which incorporates the most relevant properties of QCD in this context: explicit and spontaneous breaking of chiral symmetry and axial UA_A(1) symmetry breaking. A specific lattice-inspired behavior of the topological susceptibility, combined with the convergence of chiral partners, signals the onset of an effective chiral symmetry restoration. The results suggest that the axial part of the symmetry is restored before the possible restoration of the full U(3)\otimesU(3) chiral symmetry can occur. This conclusion is valid in the context of both finite temperature and density.Comment: 5 pages, 2 figures; PRD versio

    Chiral Symmetry

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    The exact classical solution of the equation of the motion for the Nambu-Goldstone fermion of the nonlinear representation of supersymmetry and its physical significance are discussed, which gives a new insight into the chiral symmetry of the standard model for the low energy particle physics.Comment: 7 pages, some arguments revised, conclusions unchange

    Can Chiral Symmetry Explain the Small Pentaquark Width?

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    It is shown that the decay amplitude for the Jaffe-Wilczek type pentaquarks is not suppressed by chiral symmetry. On the other hand, pentaquarks of positive or negative parity built up of an antiquark and two chirally different diquarks in an SS-state are stable in the limit of a strictly unbroken chiral symmetry. These states can decay only via the spontaneous breaking of chiral symmetry. However, this breaking is strong because of the sizeable magnitude of the quark condensate. Thus, chiral symmetry cannot be the cause of a tiny decay amplitude, even for pentaquarks which are stable in the strict chiral symmetry limit.Comment: Talk given at the 10th International Baryons Conference at Ecole Polytechnique (Palaiseau, France) 25 - 29 October 200

    Chiral symmetry restoration in excited hadrons, quantum fluctuations, and quasiclassics

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    In this paper, we discuss the transition to the semiclassical regime in excited hadrons, and consequently, the restoration of chiral symmetry for these states. We use a generalised Nambu-Jona-Lasinio model with the interaction between quarks in the form of the instantaneous Lorentz-vector confining potential. This model is known to provide spontaneous breaking of chiral symmetry in the vacuum via the standard selfenergy loops for valence quarks. It has been shown recently that the effective single-quark potential is of the Lorentz-scalar nature, for the low-lying hadrons, while, for the high-lying states, it becomes a pure Lorentz vector and hence the model exhibits the restoration of chiral symmetry. We demonstrate explicitly the quantum nature of chiral symmetry breaking, the absence of chiral symmetry breaking in the classical limit as well as the transition to the semiclassical regime for excited states, where the effect of chiral symmetry breaking becomes only a small correction to the classical contributions.Comment: RevTeX4, 20 pages, 4 Postscript figures, uses epsfig.sty, typos correcte

    The structure of N(1535) in the aspect of chiral symmetry

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    The structure of N(1535) is discussed in dynamical and symmetry aspects based on chiral symmetry. We find that the N(1535) in chiral unitary model has implicitly some components other than meson-baryon one. We also discuss the N(1535) in the chiral doublet picture.Comment: 4 pages, no figure, talk given at Workshop on Chiral Symmetry in Hadron and Nuclear Physics: Chiral07, Osaka, Japan, 13-16 Nov 200

    Dyson-Schwinger Equation and Quantum Phase Transitions in Massless QCD

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    We study the stability of the highest symmetric solution (Wigner-solution) of Dyson-Schwinger equations in chiral limit and at zero temperature. Our results confirm that if the chemical potential is not very large, the QCD vacuum is in the chiral symmetry breaking phase and the quantum phase-transition of the chiral symmetry restoration is in first order. Meanwhile it seems that there is not competition between chiral symmetry breaking phase and color superconductivity phase since the color superconductivity phase appears only if the chemical potential is very large. Moreover, we propose that chiral symmetry breaking arises from the positive feedback with respect to the mass perturbation.Comment: 12 pages, 6 figure