114,631 research outputs found

    Chiral condensate at finite density using chiral Ward identity

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    In order to study partial restoration of the chiral symmetry at finite density, we investigate the density corrections of the chiral condensate up to next-leading order of density expansion using the chiral Ward identity and an in-medium chiral perturbation theory. In our study, we assume that all the in-vacuum quantities for the pion, the nucleon and the pi N interaction are determined and focus on density expansion of the in-medium physical quantities. We perform diagrammatic analysis of the correlation functions which provide the in-medium chiral condensate. This density expansion scheme shows that medium effects to the chiral condensate beyond the linear density come from density corrections to the pi N sigma term as a result of the interactions between pion and nucleon in nuclear matter. We also discuss that higher density contributions beyond order of rho^2 cannot be fixed only by the in-vacuum pi N dynamics but we need NN two-body dynamics in vacuum to fix divergence appearing in the calculation of the rho^2 dependence of the chiral condensate with the pi N dynamics.Comment: 13 pages, 9 figure

    How is chiral symmetry restored at finite density?

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    Taking into account pseudoscalar as well as scalar condensates, we reexamine the chiral restoration path on the chiral manifold. We shall see both condensates coherently produce a density wave at a certain density, which delays chiral restoration as density or temperature is increased.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figures; proc. of QM0

    Chiral Heat Wave and mixing of Magnetic, Vortical and Heat waves in chiral media

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    We show that a hot rotating fluid of relativistic chiral fermions possesses a new gapless collective mode associated with coherent propagation of energy density and chiral density waves along the axis of rotation. This mode, which we call the Chiral Heat Wave, emerges due to a mixed gauge-gravitational anomaly. At finite density the Chiral Heat Wave couples to the Chiral Vortical Wave while in the presence of an external magnetic field it mixes with the Chiral Magnetic Wave. The coupling of the Chiral Magnetic and Chiral Vortical Waves is also demonstrated. We find that the coupled waves - which are coherent fluctuations of the vector, axial and energy currents - have generally different velocities compared to the velocities of the individual waves.Comment: 33 pages, 6 figures; v2: minor changes, published versio

    Dual chiral density waves in nuclear matter

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    We study inhomogeneous chiral phases in nuclear matter using a hadronic model with the parity doublet structure. With an extended ansatz for the dual chiral density wave off the chiral limit, we numerically determine the phase structure. A new type of dual chiral density wave where the condensate has nonvanishing space average is confirmed and it comes to occupy a wide range of low density region as the chiral invariant mass parameter is lowered.Comment: 7 pages, 5 eps figures, contribution to "QCD@Work 2018", International Workshop on QCD Theory and Experiment. 25-28 June 2018, Matera, Ital

    Disordered two-dimensional electron systems with chiral symmetry

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    We review the results of our recent numerical investigations on the electronic properties of disordered two dimensional systems with chiral unitary, chiral orthogonal, and chiral symplectic symmetry. Of particular interest is the behavior of the density of states and the logarithmic scaling of the smallest Lyapunov exponents in the vicinity of the chiral quantum critical point in the band center at E=0. The observed peaks or depressions in the density of states, the distribution of the critical conductances, and the possible non-universality of the critical exponents for certain chiral unitary models are discussed

    Chiral phase transitions and quantum critical points of the D3/D7(D5) system with mutually perpendicular E and B fields at finite temperature and density

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    We study chiral symmetry restoration with increasing temperature and density in gauge theories subject to mutually perpendicular electric and magnetic fields using holography. We determine the chiral symmetry breaking phase structure of the D3/D7 and D3/D5 systems in the temperature-density-electric field directions. A magnetic field may break the chiral symmetry and an additional electric field induces Ohm and Hall currents as well as restoring the chiral symmetry. At zero temperature the D3/D5 system displays a line of holographic BKT phase transitions in the density-electric field plane, while the D3/D7 system shows a mean-field phase transition. At intermediate temperatures, the transitions in the density-electric field plane are of first order at low density, transforming to second order at critical points as density rises. At high temperature the transition is only ever first order.Comment: 15 pages, 7 figures, v2: Added a referenc
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