38,015 research outputs found

    On the ecology of species belonging to the genus Mesocyclops Sars (Crustacea, Copepoda) dwelling in the water-bodies of the Urals and Pri-Ural territory. [Translation from: Zoologicheskie Zhurnal 44(1) 127-130, 1965. ]

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    In the waterbodies of central Russia, the Urals and western Siberia four species of Crustacea, related to the genus Mesocyclops, are widely distributed: M. (s.str.) leuckarti (Claus), M. (Thermocyclops) oithonoides Sars, [M.](Th.) crassus (Fisch.) and M. (Th.) dybowskii (Lande). Numbers and biomass of Mesocyclops oithonoides in the pelagic water of various water-bodies of the Urals are presented and observations on the above mentioned species are discussed

    Bowling alone : a review essay

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    social capital

    Assessing racial profiling

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    Kinetic studies of oxidative coupling of methane on samarium oxide

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    Kinetic behaviour of three samples of samarium oxide (cubic (Sm-1 ), monoclinic (Sm-3) and mixed cubic-monoclinic (Sm 2) ) were studied in the oxidative coupling of methane using a gradientless flow circulation system. The specific rate of C2- product formation differed by a factor of 6-8 for Sm-1 and Sm-3. The specific activity for CO formation did not depend upon the crystal structure of samarium oxide while the rate of formation of CO2 was different for the samples studied. It is proposed that formation of CO and CO2 occurs via different reaction routes. The rate of CO2 formation at high CHJO2 ratio is limited by oxidant activation or surface CO2-complex decomposition

    A review of the lighting performance in buildings through energy efficiency

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    As developing countries including Malaysia, are now moving towards sustainable development is in line with the Ninth Malaysia Plan, 9th MP, the development should be built to meet current and future needs for achieving sustainability of economic development, social and environmental responsibility for the prosperity without compromising the future generations‘ needs. Over the past five years, there has been a move away from constructing new buildings to refurbishing older and historic ones. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to review and evaluate the approach for the refurbishment of lighting as well as the existing energy efficiency policy and measures in Malaysian historical building for the energy efficiency improvement in the future. The paper takes the form of a review of literature. The main sources of this literature research are based on the articles, journals, and internet search. This study perhaps can add to the breadth of knowledge of lighting performance in the historical building from the perspective of energy efficiency. This study offers new and valuable insights to Malaysia in achieving optimum energy efficiency, saving in financial as well as reducing environmental impact.This paper has been presented at 2nd International Conference on Research in Science, Engineering and Technology (ICRSET’2014) March 21-22, 201

    State-of-the-art in aerodynamic shape optimisation methods

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    Aerodynamic optimisation has become an indispensable component for any aerodynamic design over the past 60 years, with applications to aircraft, cars, trains, bridges, wind turbines, internal pipe flows, and cavities, among others, and is thus relevant in many facets of technology. With advancements in computational power, automated design optimisation procedures have become more competent, however, there is an ambiguity and bias throughout the literature with regards to relative performance of optimisation architectures and employed algorithms. This paper provides a well-balanced critical review of the dominant optimisation approaches that have been integrated with aerodynamic theory for the purpose of shape optimisation. A total of 229 papers, published in more than 120 journals and conference proceedings, have been classified into 6 different optimisation algorithm approaches. The material cited includes some of the most well-established authors and publications in the field of aerodynamic optimisation. This paper aims to eliminate bias toward certain algorithms by analysing the limitations, drawbacks, and the benefits of the most utilised optimisation approaches. This review provides comprehensive but straightforward insight for non-specialists and reference detailing the current state for specialist practitioners

    Semi-span wind tunnel testing without conventional peniche

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    Low-speed wind tunnel tests of a flexible wing semi-span model have been implemented in the 9×79×7 ft de Havilland wind tunnel at the University of Glasgow. The main objective of this investigation is to quantify the effect of removing the traditional peniche boundary layer spacer utilised in this type of testing. Removal of the peniche results in a stand-off gap between the wind tunnel wall and the model’s symmetry plane. This offers the advantage of preventing the development of a horseshoe vortex in front of the model, at the peniche/wall juncture. The formation of the horseshoe vortex is known to influence the flow structures around the entire model and thus alters the model’s aerodynamic behaviours. To determine the influence of the stand-off gap, several gap heights have been tested for a range of angles of attack at Re=1.5×106Re=1.5×106 , based on the wing mean aerodynamic chord (MAC). Force platform data have been used to evaluate aerodynamic coefficients, and how they vary with stand-off heights. Stereoscopic Particle Imaging Velocimetry (sPIV) was used to examine the interaction between the tunnel boundary layer and model’s respective stand-off gap. In addition, clay and tuft surface visualisation enhanced the understanding of how local flow structures over the length of the fuselage vary with stand-off height and angle of attack. The presented results show that a stand-off gap of four-to-five times the displacement thickness of the tunnel wall boundary layer is capable of achieving a flow field around the model fuselage that is representative of what would be expected for an equivalent full-span model in free-air—this cannot be achieved with the application of a peniche

    Statistics of Multiple Sign Changes in a Discrete Non-Markovian Sequence

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    We study analytically the statistics of multiple sign changes in a discrete non-Markovian sequence ,\psi_i=\phi_i+\phi_{i-1} (i=1,2....,n) where \phi_i's are independent and identically distributed random variables each drawn from a symmetric and continuous distribution \rho(\phi). We show that the probability P_m(n) of m sign changes upto n steps is universal, i.e., independent of the distribution \rho(\phi). The mean and variance of the number of sign changes are computed exactly for all n>0. We show that the generating function {\tilde P}(p,n)=\sum_{m=0}^{\infty}P_m(n)p^m\sim \exp[-\theta_d(p)n] for large n where the `discrete' partial survival exponent \theta_d(p) is given by a nontrivial formula, \theta_d(p)=\log[{{\sin}^{-1}(\sqrt{1-p^2})}/{\sqrt{1-p^2}}] for 0\le p\le 1. We also show that in the natural scaling limit when m is large, n is large but but keeping x=m/n fixed, P_m(n)\sim \exp[-n \Phi(x)] where the large deviation function \Phi(x) is computed. The implications of these results for Ising spin glasses are discussed.Comment: 4 pages revtex, 1 eps figur