19 research outputs found

    Strategic Planning on the Local Level As a Factor of Rural Development in the Republic of Serbia

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    The policy of regional rural development has to be efficient. It must relay on so called Ć¢ā‚¬Å“good governanceĆ¢ā‚¬. But in last few decades the results on this segment in the republic of Serbia couldnā€™t be qualified as significant. So the primary objective of the paper is focused on how to reverse the process of continued impoverishment of the local rural areas and create conditions for social, cultural, economic and environmentally sustainable development based on local initiative. In order to meet this objective, an attempt is made to define systematic, continuous and cyclic approach of setting up priorities and policies as a basic tool for strategic action planning on a local level (LSAP). Decentralization of the state, strengthening of local municipalities and participation of citizens are three processes which had to be articulated and which through their validity has to gain strength and importance in republic of Serbia. The paper can provisionally be divided into two parts. The first part encompasses the importance of local strategic planning as well as justification of theoretical approaches while the second part gives the bases for methodology of strategic action planning on the local level formulation. In such approach two basic preconditions of LSAP could be specified: adequate institutional base i.e. strong participation of local community and its main stakeholders like local government, citizens, NGOā€™s and others; as well as high level of professional knowledge which builds local stakeholders ability of planning. Introducing of the regional rural approach on the local level is connected with development of LSAP in three basic sectors: institutional ā€“ civil society, infrastructural and economic. Local community must be aware what does LSAP mean, why it is so important, what preconditions are important in its development, how itā€™s structure look like, how it has to be developed, and how to stimulate local initiative, participation, transparency and democracy to reach sustainability.

    Priority environmental investment programme: Development and implementation

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    This paper is created to serve as a methodological base and possible work plan for Assistance in Priority Environmental Investment Programme Development and Implementation in the Republic of Serbia. It will contribute to improved mechanisms for selection of priority environmental investments. Also, the paper should outline a scope of work for technical assistance for Republic of Serbia in developing mechanisms for identifying and selecting priority environmental investments. The main feature of the long-term environmental policy in the Republic of Serbia is absence of integrated approach, which goes hand by hand with the international environmental standards, and lack of efficient economic instruments and regulations. It causes an inadequate technology policy and location of the polluters. Besides that there has been a lack of appropriate environmental monitoring system good enough to provide efficient ex-ante and ex-post protection. It has caused a lot of environmental damages so that a completely new approach in the field of environment is expected to be created out of which the Priority Environmental Investment Programme (PEIP) should be a main tool for experience of good environmental governance in the Republic of Serbia as well as in the region of SEE

    Supporting local economic development by infrastructure debt financing in the Republic of Serbia

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    The main goal of this paper is to establish grounds for a more efficient development of local communities taking into consideration their entire former development characterized by a pronounced polarization and territorial inequality of development exhibited among them in extreme proportions. In view of the insufficient and inadequate decentralization performed without a specific concept in the past, the authors aim to analyze the state of the local infrastructure within the framework of territorial organization offered by the latest regulations, as well as estimate the goals set in the last couple of years by the support programs related to the development of local infrastructure provided by the international institutions. The authors have a similar goal in that sense to provide sufficient argumentation for a quality distribution of local infrastructure and, accordingly, more efficient local development as a prerequisite for a more uniform regional development, especially in rural areas

    Reindustrialization of Serbian Agriculture: Toward a More Balanced and Knowledge Based Rural Development

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    The paper deals with the role and importance of reindustrialization of Serbian agriculture due to the importance of technology and knowledge development. Those are the factors of agricultural production prosperity, especially in the rural areas where they offer possibilities for more balanced development in accordance with local natural features and regionalization of agricultural production. Following the latest international experiences, in the area of regional development and planning, in market oriented economies, the authors point out the need for reindustrialization of obsolete agriculture and implementation of new industrial policies within the Republic of Serbia. According to the authors, the special efforts have to be focused toward the development of knowledge based agriculture. The above mentioned is directing to new concepts and reorientation of Serbian agriculture based on new approaches that are standing on the new foundations. Reindustrialization, supported by the relevant policies, should enables possibilities for Serbian agriculture to achieve better results, as well as to be better structured at the new bases

    Experiences and dilemmas of strategic action planning implementation on the local level

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    In the paper are specifically analyzed and discussed experiences and dilemmas in the process of strategic development programming which appeared in West Balkan Countries during the regional and local development projects implementation. The main critical framework conditions regards to Impediments on a Local level connected with different structures which led to different experiences, successes and problems; Accuracy and relevance of data and information; Institutional competence; Consideration of horizontal and vertical relations of local community which neglect their required active role in the development process; Financial restrictions as a considerable bottleneck for successful development planning upon unstable resource flow; Political culture norms and values; and The role of external experts and improvement of the above mentioned aspects which will enhance the situation of development planning at the local level in a sustainable manner. It is concluded that the various aspects are strongly interrelated and are forming a spider net with the object of the development process, the municipality, the town or the city. It is also concluded that the success of development efforts of the subordinated administrative levels depends to a high degree on adequate framework-conditions, which have to be formed and fostered at the superior level.

    THE SCHOOL LES ƉCONOMISTES AND ITS CONTRIBUTION TO DEVELOPMENT OF AGROECONOMIC DOCTRINE

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    In the paper is analysed and presented physiocrats contribution to development of (agro) economics science, i.e. theory and practice. This movement named lƩcole des Ʃconomistes is established by FranƧois Quesnay and its followers like Victor Riqueti Marquis de Mirabeau, Charles de ButrƩ, Henry Pattullo, Leroy, Marivelt and Anne Robert Jacques Turgot-a, baron de l'Aulne, as well as the authors who started its research earlier like Cantillon Richard and Petty William. Author is analyzing the essential questions discussed by physiocrats like questions of capital and capitalistic production; agroeconomic calculations discussed in details by physiocrats establishing mathematical and statistic methods for the first time. As it was unique movement that started immense analysis, and as it after a long period of time become much clearer economic statement, author has shown up its and the opinions of different authors concerning physiocrats contribution in wider historical perspective

    CRITICAL FRAMEWORK-CONDITIONS FOR STRATEGIC DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMING

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    Local development is multifunctional and complex process which incorporates different aspects like creation of planning and management methodology mainly through construction of relevant data base, key performance indicators, diagnostics reports, strategic action plans, generation of project ideas and proposals as well local development program implementation. It also incorporates a process of monitoring and evaluation of local development initiatives as well as connectivity with overall regional and macro-economic policies. So in the paper are specifically analyzed and discussed critical framework-conditions for strategic development programming which has been appeared in West Balkan Countries, Republic of Croatia and Serbia during the regional and local development projects implementation. The main critical framework conditions regards to Impediments on a Local level connected with different structures which led to different experiences, successes and problems; Accuracy and relevance of data and information; Institutional competence; Consideration of horizontal and vertical relations of local community which neglect their required active role in the development process; Financial restrictions as a considerable bottleneck for successful development planning upon unstable resource flow; Political culture norms and values; and The role of external experts and improvement of the above mentioned aspects which will enhance the situation of development planning at the local level in a sustainable manner. So any interventions must consider these interdependencies and the technical assistance in the field of local or regional development based on long term involvement. It is also concluded that the success of development efforts of the subordinated administrative levels depends to a high degree on adequate framework-conditions, which have to be formed and fostered at the superior level

    THE SCHOOL LES ƉCONOMISTES AND ITS CONTRIBUTION TO DEVELOPMENT OF AGROECONOMIC DOCTRINE

    No full text
    In the paper is anallysed and presenteted physiocrats contribution to development of (agro) economics science, i.e. theory and practice. This movement named lā€™Ć©cole des Ć©conomistes is establisehd by FranƧois Quesnay and its followers like Victor Riqueti Marquis de Mirabeau, Charles de ButrĆ©, Henry Pattullo, Leroy, Marivelt and Anne Robert Jacques Turgot-a, baron de l'Aulne, as well as the authors who started its research earlier like Cantillon Richard and Petty William. Author is analyzing the essencial questions discussed by physiocrats like questions of capital and capitalistic production; agroeconomic calculations discussed in details by physiocrats establishing mathematical and statistic methods for the first time. As it was unique movement that started immense analysis, and as it after a long period of time become much clearer economic statement, author has shown up its and the opinions of different authors concerning physiocrats contribution in wider historical perspective
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