4,032 research outputs found

    Itinerant quantum critical point with frustration and non-Fermi-liquid

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    Employing the self-learning quantum Monte Carlo algorithm, we investigate the frustrated transverse-field triangle-lattice Ising model coupled to a Fermi surface. Without fermions, the spin degrees of freedom undergoes a second-order quantum phase transition between paramagnetic and clock-ordered phases. This quantum critical point (QCP) has an emergent U(1) symmetry and thus belongs to the (2+1)D XY universality class. In the presence of fermions, spin fluctuations introduce effective interactions among fermions and distort the bare Fermi surface towards an interacting one with hot spots and Fermi pockets. Near the QCP, non-Fermi-liquid behavior are observed at the hot spots, and the QCP is rendered into a different universality with Hertz-Millis type exponents. The detailed properties of this QCP and possibly related experimental systems are also discussed.Comment: 9 pages, 8 figure

    Semidefinite approximation for mixed binary quadratically constrained quadratic programs

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    Motivated by applications in wireless communications, this paper develops semidefinite programming (SDP) relaxation techniques for some mixed binary quadratically constrained quadratic programs (MBQCQP) and analyzes their approximation performance. We consider both a minimization and a maximization model of this problem. For the minimization model, the objective is to find a minimum norm vector in NN-dimensional real or complex Euclidean space, such that MM concave quadratic constraints and a cardinality constraint are satisfied with both binary and continuous variables. {\color{blue}By employing a special randomized rounding procedure, we show that the ratio between the norm of the optimal solution of the minimization model and its SDP relaxation is upper bounded by \cO(Q^2(M-Q+1)+M^2) in the real case and by \cO(M(M-Q+1)) in the complex case.} For the maximization model, the goal is to find a maximum norm vector subject to a set of quadratic constraints and a cardinality constraint with both binary and continuous variables. We show that in this case the approximation ratio is bounded from below by \cO(\epsilon/\ln(M)) for both the real and the complex cases. Moreover, this ratio is tight up to a constant factor

    Competing pairing channels in the doped honeycomb lattice Hubbard model

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    Proposals for superconductivity emerging from correlated electrons in the doped Hubbard model on the honeycomb lattice range from chiral d+idd+id singlet to p+ipp+ip triplet pairing, depending on the considered range of doping and interaction strength, as well as the approach used to analyze the pairing instabilities. Here, we consider these scenarios using large-scale dynamic cluster approximation (DCA) calculations to examine the evolution in the leading pairing symmetry from weak to intermediate coupling strength. These calculations focus on doping levels around the van Hove singularity (VHS) and are performed using DCA simulations with an interaction-expansion continuous-time quantum Monte Carlo cluster solver. We calculated explicitly the temperature dependence of different uniform superconducting pairing susceptibilities and found a consistent picture emerging upon gradually increasing the cluster size: while at weak coupling the d+idd+id singlet pairing dominates close to the VHS filling, an enhanced tendency towards pp-wave triplet pairing upon further increasing the interaction strength is observed. The relevance of these systematic results for existing proposals and ongoing pursuits of odd-parity topological superconductivity are also discussed.Comment: 7 pages, 5 figure

    Charge-Density-Wave Transitions of Dirac Fermions Coupled to Phonons

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    The spontaneous generation of charge-density-wave order in a Dirac fermion system via the natural mechanism of electron-phonon coupling is studied in the framework of the Holstein model on the honeycomb lattice. Using two independent and unbiased quantum Monte Carlo methods, the phase diagram as a function of temperature and coupling strength is determined. It features a quantum critical point as well as a line of thermal critical points. Finite-size scaling appears consistent with fermionic Gross-Neveu-Ising universality for the quantum phase transition, and bosonic Ising universality for the thermal phase transition. The critical temperature has a maximum at intermediate couplings. Our findings motivate experimental efforts to identify or engineer Dirac systems with sufficiently strong and tunable electron-phonon coupling.Comment: 4+3 pages, 4+2 figure
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