312 research outputs found

    Effects of W/Co co-doping on the structural, multiferroic, dielectric and optical properties of filled tungsten bronze Ba4Sm2Fe2Nb8O30 ceramics

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    The structural, magnetic, ferroelectric, dielectric, magneto-dielectric and optical properties of W/Co co-substituted tungsten bronze Ba4Sm2Fe2Nb8-3x(W2Co)xO30 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.3) ceramics were studied in detail. All the samples can be indexed with the tetragonal structure with the space group of P4bm. The room-temperature ferromagnetism with rather high ferromagnetic Curie temperature Tc was obtained in all compositions. The co-doping of W/Co ions obviously optimized the ferromagnetism and ferroelectricity. The composition x  = 0.2 showed a superior multiferroicity with the remnant magnetization Mr of 0.15 emu/g and the remnant polarization Pr of 2.1μC/cm2 as well as the Tc of 886 K. The low-temperature relaxation was related to the thermal process of oxygen vacancies, while the another one around 300 K was ascribed to the localized hopping of electrons. The relative increment of magneto-dielectric constant (MDC) obeyed with the square term of magnetization in Ginzburg-Landau theory, implying the existence of intrinsic magneto-electric coupling effect. A relatively large MDC of 0.17 % was achieved in pure sample. In addition, two direct inter-band transitions with the narrow band gaps of ∼2.0 eV and ∼2.5 eV were demonstrated

    Response of bacterial community metabolites to bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum: a multi-omics analysis

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    The soil microbial community plays a critical role in promoting robust plant growth and serves as an effective defence mechanism against root pathogens. Current research has focused on unravelling the compositions and functions of diverse microbial taxa in plant rhizospheres invaded by Ralstonia solanacearum, however, the specific mechanisms by which key microbial groups with distinct functions exert their effects remain unclear. In this study, we employed a combination of amplicon sequencing and metabolomics analysis to investigate the principal metabolic mechanisms of key microbial taxa in plant rhizosphere soil. Compared to the healthy tobacco rhizosphere samples, the bacterial diversity and co-occurrence network of the diseased tobacco rhizosphere soil were significantly reduced. Notably, certain genera, including Gaiella, Rhodoplanes, and MND1 (Nitrosomonadaceae), were found to be significantly more abundant in the rhizosphere of healthy plants than in that of diseased plants. Eight environmental factors, including exchangeable magnesium, available phosphorus, and pH, were found to be crucial factors influencing the composition of the microbial community. Ralstonia displayed negative correlations with pH, exchangeable magnesium, and cation exchange flux, but showed a positive correlation with available iron. Furthermore, metabolomic analysis revealed that the metabolic pathways related to the synthesis of various antibacterial compounds were significantly enriched in the healthy group. The correlation analysis results indicate that the bacterial genera Polycyclovorans, Lysobacter, Pseudomonas, and Nitrosospira may participate in the synthesis of antibacterial compounds. Collectively, our findings contribute to a more in-depth understanding of disease resistance mechanisms within healthy microbial communities and provide a theoretical foundation for the development of targeted strategies using beneficial microorganisms to suppress disease occurrence

    A few-shot image generation method for power defect scenarios

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    Due to the limited availability of power defect data, most current defect detection methods are unable to accurately detect power system anomalies. To overcome this challenge, a few-shot image generation method is employed. Building upon the improved local-fusion generative adversarial network (LoFGAN), a context-aware few-shot image generator is designed to enhance the defect detection network’s capability to extract detailed features. A regularization loss based on LC-divergence is introduced to optimize the training effectiveness of the image generation model on limited datasets. Experimental results reveal that the few-shot image generation method can generate effective and diverse defect data for power scenarios. The proposed model can address the issue of data unavailability in power defect scenarios

    Synergistic effect between the acidity and redox performance of the SO42−-CeO2 catalysts for NO reduction

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    Herein, a series of SO42−-CeO2 catalysts were synthesized by a sol-gel method for the selective catalytic reduction of NO by NH3 (NH3-SCR). The introduction of SO42− endowed composite catalyst with higher catalytic activity than pure CeO2. In particular, 3% SC with 3% SO42− showed over 90% NO removal between 247 and 450 °C. SO42− promoted the increase of Ce3+ content, adsorbed oxygen, and surface acidity of the composites. Furthermore, the interaction between SO42− and cerium oxide induced the synergistic effect between acidic sites and redox sites in the NH3-SCR reaction. The introduction of SO42− significantly supported the increase of B-acid and the enhancement of l-acid sites, and promoted the NH3-SCR reaction to follow both Eley-Rideal and Langmuir-Hinshelwood mechanisms

    Revealing Prognostic and Immunotherapy-Sensitive Characteristics of a Novel Cuproptosis-Related LncRNA Model in Hepatocellular Carcinoma Patients by Genomic Analysis

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    Immunotherapy has shown strong anti-tumor activity in a subset of patients. However, many patients do not benefit from the treatment, and there is no effective method to identify sensitive immunotherapy patients. Cuproptosis as a non-apoptotic programmed cell death caused by excess copper, whether it is related to tumor immunity has attracted our attention. In the study, we constructed the prognostic model of 9 cuproptosis-related LncRNAs (crLncRNAs) and assessed its predictive capability, preliminarily explored the potential mechanism causing treatment sensitivity difference between the high-/low-risk group. Our results revealed that the risk score was more effective than traditional clinical features in predicting the survival of HCC patients (AUC = 0.828). The low-risk group had more infiltration of immune cells (B cells, CD8+ T cells, CD4+ T cells), mainly with anti-tumor immune function (p p < 0.001) which may exert the effect through the AL365361.1/hsa-miR-17-5p/NLRP3 axis. In addition, NLRP3 mutation-sensitive drugs (VNLG/124, sunitinib, linifanib) may have better clinical benefits in the high-risk group. All in all, the crLncRNAs model has excellent specificity and sensitivity, which can be used for classifying the therapy-sensitive population and predicting the prognosis of HCC patients

    Acupoint Catgut Embedding Improves Lipid Metabolism in Exercise-Induced Fatigue Rats via the PPAR Signaling Pathway

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    To improve the phenomenon of exercise-induced fatigue that often occurs during horse racing, we previously studied the improvement in exercise tolerance by acupoint catgut embedding preconditioning in an exercise-induced fatigue rat model. We found that acupoint catgut embedding pretreatment effectively improved animal exercise tolerance. Here, by combining transcriptomics and metabolomics, we aimed to explore the underlying mechanisms of this improvement. We used blood biochemical detection combined with ELISA to detect triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and glucose (GLU), arachidonic acid (AA), and free fatty acid (FFA) content and found that acupoint embedding can correct FFA, AA, TG, LDH, and AST in the blood. We used RT-qPCR to measure the expression of genes in tissue from the quadriceps femoris muscle. We found that solute carrier family 27 member 2 (Slc27a2), fatty acid binding protein 1 (Fabp1), apolipoprotein C3 (Apoc3), and lipoprotein lipase (Lpl) genes in the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) signaling pathway were important. The regulation of lipid metabolism through the PPAR signaling pathway was important for improving the exercise endurance of rats in our exercise-induced fatigue model. Therefore, we conclude that acupoint catgut embedding can not only promote body fat decomposition and reduce lactic acid accumulation but also promote the repair of tissue damage and liver damage caused by exercise fatigue. Acupoint catgut embedding regulates the PPAR signaling pathway by upregulating Lpl expression and downregulating Slc27a2, Fabp1, and Apoc3 expression to further improve body fat metabolism

    Cubosomes-assisted transdermal delivery of doxorubicin and indocyanine green for chemo-photothermal combination therapy of melanoma

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    Melanoma is a highly aggressive form of skin cancer with limited therapeutic options. Chemo-photothermal combination therapy has demonstrated potential for effectively treating melanoma, and transdermal administration is considered the optimal route for treating skin diseases due to its ability to bypass first-pass metabolism and enhance drug concentration. However, the stratum corneum presents a formidable challenge as a significant barrier to drug penetration in transdermal drug delivery. Lipid-nanocarriers, particularly cubosomes, have been demonstrated to possess significant potential in augmenting drug permeation across the stratum corneum. Herein, cubosomes co-loaded with doxorubicin (DOX, a chemotherapeutic drug) and indocyanine green (ICG, a photothermal agent) (DOX-ICG-cubo) transdermal drug delivery system was developed to enhance the therapeutic efficiency of melanoma by improving drug permeation. The DOX-ICG-cubo showed high encapsulation efficiency of both DOX and ICG, and exhibited good stability under physiological conditions. In addition, the unique cubic structure of the DOX-ICG-cubo was confirmed through transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images, polarizing microscopy, and small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). The DOX-ICG-cubo presented high photothermal conversion efficiency, as well as pH and thermo-responsive DOX release. Notably, the DOX-ICG-cubo exhibited enhanced drug permeation efficiency, good biocompatibility, and improved in vivo anti-melanoma efficacy through the synergistic effects of chemo-photothermal therapy. In conclusion, DOX-ICG-cubo presented a promising strategy for melanoma treatment

    Clinical characteristics and cognitive function in bipolar disorder patients with different onset symptom

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    BackgroundIn recent years, studies on the clinical features and cognitive impairment of patients with different first-episode types of bipolar disorder have received increasing attention. The patients with bipolar disorder may present with different symptoms at first onset. The aim of this study is to assess the cognitive functions of a patient’s index episode of bipolar disorder, depression or mania, on risk factors of effecting on cognitive functions.MethodOne hundred sixty eight patients with bipolar disorder diagnosed for the first time were enrolled in the study. All patients were divided into two groups according to their index episode of bipolar disorder, either depression or mania. Seventy three patients of the cohort had an index episode mania and 95 patients had initial symptoms of depression. Demographic and clinical disease characteristic data of all enrolled patients were collected. Meanwhile, 75 healthy controls were included. Demographic data of controls were collected. The cognitive functions of all patients and controls were detected by continuous performance test (CPT), digital span test (DST) and Wisconsin card sorting test (WCST). The main cognitive functions data were compared among the mania group, depression group and control group. The relevant risk factors affecting cognitive function were analyzed.Results(1) Most patients with bipolar disorder had an index episode depression (56.55% vs. 43.45%). Compared with the depression group, the mania group had later age of onset [(24.01 ± 4.254) vs. (22.25 ± 6.472), t = 2. 122, p = 0.035]. The education level of patient groups was lower than control group (p &lt; 0.001). (2) The healthy control group’s DST, WCST and CPT scores were better than the patient groups (All p &lt; 0.05). The mania group’s DST (forward, reverse, sum), WCST (total responses, completed classifications, correct responses, incorrect responses, percentage of correct responses, completed the number of responses required for classification, the percentage of conceptualization level, the number of persistent responses, non-persistent errors), CPT (2 digit score, 3 digit score, 4 digit score) was better than the depression group (p &lt; 0.05). (3) In mania group, correlation analysis showed that all CPT parameter, inverse digit span, and the sum of DST was negatively correlated with the education level (All p &lt; 0.05). The CPT-4 digit score was negatively correlated with onset age (p &lt; 0.05). In the WCST, the number of correct responses, the percentage of correct responses and the percentage of conceptualization level were positively correlated with the BRMS score (All p &lt; 0.05). The number of false responses and persistent responses were negatively correlated with the BRMS score (All p &lt; 0.05). The number of persistent errors and percentage of persistent errors was positively correlated with education years (All p &lt; 0.05). In depression group, there was a positive correlation between inverse digit span and the education level (p &lt; 0.05).ConclusionIn our study, there were cognitive impairments in attention, memory, and executive function of patients with different onset syndromes of bipolar disorder. Compared with the mania group, the degree of cognitive impairments in bipolar patients with the depressive episode was more severe. The risk factors affecting cognitive impairments included the age of onset, education level, number of hospitalizations and severity of illness

    Energy storage performances of La doping BaBi4Ti4O15 thin films capacitors

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    BaBi4Ti4O15-based thin films, belongs to Aurivillius phase compounds, were fabricated on Pt/Ti/SiO2/Si substrates by the chemical solution deposition method and its energy storage performances were investigated. Here, large recoverable energy storage density (66.8 J/cm3) and high storage efficiency (85.1%) were achieved in the BaBi4Ti4O15 thin film via La doped. Such enhanced energy storage performances can attribute to the improvement of crystallization quality with increase of grain size and decrease of leakage current. In addition, from 20 to 140 °C, no significant changes were observed in energy storage density and efficiency, and the energy storage performance did not decrease significantly after 1.6 × 108 charge–discharge cycles, indicating that the film has excellent thermal stability and fatigue resistance. These results not only show that the BBT-based thin film is a potential energy storage material, but also provide important ideas for further exploration of methods to improve energy storage performance
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