16,548 research outputs found

    Top-Down Exfoliation Process Constructing 2D/3D Heterojunction toward Ultrapure Blue Perovskite Light-Emitting Diodes

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    3D perovskites with low energy disorder and high ambipolar charge mobility represent a promising solution for efficient and bright light-emitting diodes. However, the challenges of regulating the nanocrystal size to trigger the quantum confinement effect and control the surface trap states to reduce charge loss hinder the applications of 3D perovskites in blue perovskite light-emitting diodes (PeLEDs). In this study, we present a top-down exfoliation method to obtain blue 3D perovskite films with clipped nanocrystals and tunable bandgaps by employing methyl cyanide (MeCN) for post-treatment. In this method, the MeCN solvent exfoliates the surface components of the 3D perovskite grains through a partial dissolution process. Moreover, the dissolved precursor can be further utilized to construct an ingenious 2D/3D heterostructure by incorporating an organic spacer into the MeCN solvent, contributing to efficient defect passivation and improved energy transfer. Consequently, efficient PeLEDs featuring ultrapure blue emission at 478 nm achieve a record external quantum efficiency of 12.3% among their 3D counterparts. This work emphasizes the significance of inducing the quantum confinement effect in 3D perovskites for efficient blue PeLEDs and provides a viable scheme for the in situ regulation of perovskite crystals

    Search for vector-boson resonances decaying into a top quark and a bottom quark using pp collisions at s = 13 TeV with the ATLAS detector