16 research outputs found

    A Greek coin found in Zagreb

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    During preventive archaeological work in Gri~ Park in Zagreb old town a rare Greek coin was found. The work was being carried out by the Zagreb City Museum on the initiative of the Zagreb City Institute for the Protection of Cultural Monuments and Nature. During the present year’s work, which was concentrated on defining the prehistoric level and built structures mentioned above, in probe III (SJ 013) a rather worn rare bronze coin was discovered: a late 3 BC Sicilian coin struck by the Mamertines. Military units formed from the Campanian or Oscian mercenaries took the name of the Roman god Mars and advanced to take the Bay of Messina. They extended their domination over most of north east Sicily. The coin has a hole in it through which an iron wire was threaded to serve as a chain-link. The coin was much more corroded in this place, so that until it was cleaned it was impossible to see that there was a hole. The main role of money, when it replaced natural bartering of goods, was for trading. But in time, in addition to this basic function it came to have additional functions. One of these was a result of its intrinsic value which led it to be often used for personal ornament. In this way it united three basic factors: aesthetic, value and symbol. This happened in Antiquity, in the Middle Ages and is still true today. Items were worn as pendants, or as amulets for religious reasons to guard against evil. Since most were hung they had to be pierced with one or more holes, or sometimes a link added to them or put in a setting. In this way they lost their numismatic value but gained another personal one. But even so we cannot ignore their primary function as money. We can suppose that the coin found on Gri~ was used as a pendant or amulet. To determine the date the hole was pierced, in Antiquity or the Middle Ages, we must wait for more information from the excavations in the Gri~ region which, since it has not in recent years been devastated by construction work, offers a promising basis for unhindered research into archaeological levels in the centre of our capital city

    An Outline of the Numismatic Topography of Podravina

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    Listajući inventarske knjige Numizmatičke zbirke Arheološkog muzeja u Zagrebu, brojne stručne i znanstvene publikacije, a napose pismohranu istoga muzeja, pomalo nam se počinje ukazivati mutna slika optjecaja novca u Podravini. Podatke o nalazima novca u tom širokom području zahvaljujemo mnogima, počam od Mijata Sabljara, preko Josipa Brunšmida do u znanstvenika u novije doba. Neki pokušaji izrade numizmatičke topografije već postoje, napose za Viroviticu i njenu okolinu (1986), no šira slika je daleko kompleksnija. Dugotrajnim istraživanjima došli smo do podataka o nalazima novca, kako pojedinačnim, tako i skupnim na slijedećim mjestima: Bankovci (Orahovica), Borova Suhopoljska (Virovitica), Budrovac (Đurđevac), Bukova (Virovitica), Bukovica (Špišić-Bukovica; Virovitica), Bušetina (Virovitica), Crkvari (Orahovica), Čađavica (Podravska Slatina), Drnje (Koprivnica), Dubovica (Ludbreg), Duzluk (Orahovica), Đelekovec (Koprivnica, Croatia), Đurđevac; Gaćište (Virovitica), Gola (Koprivnica), Hampovica (Đurđevac), Hlebine (Koprivnica), Imbrijovec (Koprivnica), Josipovo (Ciganka, Podravska Slatina), Kamenica (Koprivnica), Kapan (Virovitica), Kloštar Podravski (Đurđevac), Koprivnica, Kozarevac (Kloštar Podravski), Krajina (Krajna) (Orahovica), Kunovec Breg (Koprivnica), Ladislav Sokolovački (Koprivnica), Legrad (Koprivnica), Lepavina (Koprivnica), Ludbreg, Ludbreg (surroundings), Mali Poganac, Medinci (Podravska Slatina), Neteča (Virovitica), Novačka - Gradina (Koprivnica), Novigrad Podravski (Koprivnica), Orahovica (Orahovica), Orešac (Virovitica), Otrovanec (Đurđevac), Pitomača (Đurđevac), Podravska Slatina, Prugovac (Đurđevac), Ružica (Orahovica), Senkovci (Podravska Slatina), Sigetec (Koprivnica), Sladojevci (Podravska Slatina), Sokolovac (Koprivnica), Sopje (Podravska Slatina), Srdinac (Koprivnica), Starigrad (Koprivnica), Starigrad - Sv. Mirko (Koprivnica), Suha Katalena (Đurđevac), Suhopolje (Terezovac; Virovitica), Sveti Đurađ (Virovitica), Šemovec (Koprivnica), Špišić- Bukovica (Virovitica), Veliki Bukovec (Ludbreg), Virje, Virovitica, Voćin (Podravska Slatina), Vojvodinec (Koprivnica) te Zgruti (Podravske Sesvete). Ovaj pokušaj slaganja numizmatičke topografije nije se ograničio samo na nalaze antičkog novca, nego i na one srednjeg i novog vijeka. Najzanimljiviji je bez sumnje skupni nalaz srebrnog keltskog novca 1. st. pr. Kr. u Šemovcu, koji je u znanstvenu literaturu ušao kao đurđevački nalaz, a tip novca se naziva Đurđevačkim, kao treći tip Hrvatske grupe tetradrahmi. U blizini (Kozarevac) je zabilježen još jedan skupni nalaz, a dijelovi te ostave čuvaju se u Mađarskom nacionalnom muzeju u Budimpešti, te je za pretpostaviti da je riječ o istome nalazu. Rimski je novac od 1. do 4. st. po Kr. dobro zastupljen, premda do muzeja dolazi samo mali dio onoga što se otkrije. Ipak su najčešći nalazi 3. st., o kojima je već pisao Ž. Demo. Veoma je rijedak novac Aheje iz 2. st. s Antinojevim likom, iskovan u ime Hostilijana Markela, darovan zagrebačkom muzeju 1905. god. Od novca srednjeg i novog vijeka, napose frizatika, a i kasnijeg srebrnog novca, najčešće se nalazi ugarski, ali i slavonski denari, te novac austrijskih zemalja. Najzanimljivija cjelina je ostava najraznolikijeg zlatnog i srebrnog novca 16.-17. st. iz same Virovitice, iskopan u bakrenom posrebrenom ibriku 1974. god. Svi sabrani podaci poslužit će za pripremanje sveska Fundmünzen der römischen Zeit in Kroatien (FMRHr). Pokroviteljstvo nad tim projektom na svojoj je sjednici u ožujku 1998. god. prihvatila Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur, Arbeitstelle: Fundmünzen der Antike (FMRD/ SFMA), Frankfurt am Main, S.R. Njemačka, s Prof. Dr. Marijom Radnoti Alföldi kao recenzentom projekta, ujedno i glavnim urednikom serije. Prvi svezak serije FMRHR (XVIII - Istrien) auktora Alenke Miškec (Narodni muzej Slovenije, Numizmatični kabinet), s predgovorom glavnog istraživača, tiskan je 2002. god. Svesci FMRHR obuhvatit će pojedinačne i skupne nalaze predrimskog i rimskog, te bizantskog novca s određenih, nama poznatih nalazišta iz Republike Hrvatske.Going through inventories of the Zagreb Archaeological Museum and its archives, studying various scholarly publications etc., little by little we are able obtain a vague picture of money circulation through centuries in Podravina - the valley on the left bank of the Drava, situated in Croatia. We owe to many people, starting with Major Mijat Sabljar and Josip Brunšmid down to scholars of our own day, data on coin finds from this relatively wide area. There has been an attempt to compile the numismatic topography of Virovitica and its surroundings (1986), but the entire picture is much more complex. By detailed research information on coins (individual finds and hoards) discovered in various places, such as: Bankovci (Orahovica), Borova Suhopoljska (Virovitica), Budrovac (Đurđevac), Bukova (Virovitica), Bukovica (Špišić-Bukovica; Virovitica), Bušetina (Virovitica), Crkvari (Orahovica), Čađavica (Podravska Slatina), Drnje (Koprivnica), Dubovica (Ludbreg), Duzluk (Orahovica), Đelekovec (Koprivnica, Croatia), Đurđevac, Đurđevac (surroundings); Gaćište (Virovitica), Gola (Koprivnica), Hampovica (Đurđevac), Hlebine (Koprivnica), Ibrijovec (Koprivnica), Josipovo (ex Ciganka, Podravska Slatina), Kamenica (Koprivnica), Kapan (Virovitica), Kloštar Podravski (Đurđevac), Koprivnica, Kozarevac (Kloštar Podravski), Krajina (Krajna; (Orahovica), Kunovec Breg (Koprivnica), Ladislav Sokolovački (Koprivnica), Legrad (Koprivnica), Lepavina (Koprivnica), Ludbreg, Ludbreg (surroundings), Mali Poganac, Medinci (Podravska Slatina), Neteča (Virovitica), Novačka - Gradina (Koprivnica), Novigrad Podravski (Koprivnica), Orahovica (Orahovica), Orešac (Virovitica), Otrovanec (Đurđevac), Pitomača (Đurđevac), Podravska Slatina, Prugovac (Đurđevac), Ružica (Orahovica), Senkovci (Podravska Slatina), Sigetec (Koprivnica), Sladojevci (Podravska Slatina), Sokolovac (Koprivnica), Sopje (Podravska Slatina), Srdinac (Koprivnica), Starigrad (Koprivnica), Starigrad - Sv. Mirko (Koprivnica), Suha Katalena (Đurđevac), Suhopolje (Terezovac; Virovitica), Sveti Đurađ (Virovitica), Šemovec (Koprivnica), Špišić- Bukovica (Virovitica), Veliki Bukovec (Ludbreg), Virje, Virovitica, Voćin (Podravska Slatina), Vojvodinec (Koprivnica) and Zgruti (Podravske Sesvete). This outline of numismatic topography has not been concentrated on finds of ancient coins only, mediaeval and more recent coins too have been included. The most interesting hoard from the area was that of Celtic coins dating from the 1st c. B.C. from Šemovec, in scholarly literature known as the Đurđevac hoard. It consisted of tetradrachms of the third, i.e. Đurđevac type of Celtic coins. Nearby (at Kozarevac) another similar hoard has been recorded, partly preserved at the Hungarian National Museum in Budapest; perhaps one might be inclined to think that it was the same hoard. Roman coins dating from the 1st to 4th centuries B.C. are well represented, although only a small part of finds reach the museums. Most frequent are coins of the 3rd c A.D., which have already been discussed by Ž. Demo. A very rare 2nd century A.D. coin of Achaia with the portrait of Antinous, minted in the name of Hostilianus Marcellus, was presented to the Zagreb Archaeological Museum in 1905. god. Among the mediaeval and modern coins there are some frisatic silverlings, Hungarian and Slavonian denarii, as well as money of Austrian lands. There was a very interesting treasure trove of silver coins from 16th-17th c in a Turkish decanter, in Virovitica in 1974. All the data compiled will be used for the volume of the Fundmünzen der römischen Zeit in Kroatien (FMRHr), dealing with ancient coins from the county in question. This project is being developed under the auspices of the Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur, Arbeitstelle: Fundmünzen der Antike (FMRD/ SFMA), Frankfurt am Main, Germany, headed by Professor Maria Radnoti Alföldi

    Old coins from the Medveščak brook in Zagreb

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    On July 28, 2005 a very unusual, didactic, extremely interesting and attractive exhibition called »A brook in the very heart of Zagreb. Following the Medveščak brook from its source to its mouth« was opened at the City of Zagreb Museum. Among the very many exhibits one could also see all coins and medals found there, preserved in the Zagreb Archaeological Museum Numismatic Cabinet (PREMERL 2005: 91, Nos. 1.37– 153). On November 17, 2005. at 7 PMthere was also the book launch of the exhibition catalogue, bearing the same title, written by Nada Premerl. Because a detailed coin catalogue could not be included in this valuable and interesting book, the authors wish to present it here. In 1899 during the construction of an underground canal to direct the water, workmen unearthed many objects, among them a considerable amount of old coins. A small part was rescued and the Zagreb Magistrate and Josip Pavlišić presented these coins to the Archaeological Museum. Josip Brunšmid, the Museum director in those days gave a detailed report and a list of the coins (BRUNŠMID 1900). Among the coins, found in the Medveščak, there were some Roman coins, which, together with other Roman coins found in Zagreb, have caused considerable interest since. After Brunšmid (1900) a few lines were dedicated to them by Josip Klemenc (1938: 104), and more recently by Z. Dukat (1994; 1996). Better preserved specimens of Roman coins were shown on the exhibition »Zagreb before Zagreb« (December 1994 – February 1995), also at the Zagreb City Museum (DUKAT 1994). The present catalogue, apart from the five Roman coins, includes the one mediaeval and 112 various modern coins. They have been processed by NUMIZ, a computer programme developed by the Numismatic Cabinet of the Slovenian National Museum in Ljubljana

    Roman savings box from Sisak

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