747 research outputs found

    DataSheet_1_Multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells as treatment for poor graft function after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation: A multicenter prospective analysis.pdf

    No full text
    IntroductionPoor graft function (PGF) is a rare but serious complication of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT). Due to their hematopoietic supporting properties and immune regulatory effects, multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) could be considered a good candidate to help to restore bone marrow (BM) niches homeostasis and facilitate hematopoiesis after alloHCT.MethodsWe prospectively assessed the efficacy and safety of ex-vivo expanded BM-derived MSC from third-party donor in a series of 30 patients with prolonged severe cytopenia and PGF after alloHCT. This multicenter trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov (#NTC00603330).ResultsWithin 90 days post-MSC infusion, 53% (95% CI, 35 – 71%) of patients improved at least one cytopenia (overall response, OR) and 37% (95% CI, 19 - 54%) achieved a complete hematological response (CR: absolute neutrophil count, ANC >0.5 x 109/L, Hb > 80g/L and platelet count > 20 x 109/L with transfusion independence). Corresponding response rates increased to 67% (95% CI, 50 - 84%) OR and 53% (95% CI, 35 - 71%) CR within 180 days after MSC infusion. A significant decrease in red blood cells and platelets transfusion requirement was observed after MSC (median of 30-days transfusion requirement of 0.5 and 0 from d90-120 post-MSC versus 5 and 6.5 before MSC, respectively, p ≤0.001). An increase in ANC was also noted by day +90 and +180, with 3/5 patients with severe neutropenia having recovered an ANC > 1 x 109/L within the 90-120 days after MSC infusion. Overall survival at 1 year post-MSC was 70% (95% CI, 55.4 – 88.5), with all but one of the patients who achieved CR being alive. A single infusion of third-party MSC appeared to be safe, with the exception of one deep vein thrombotic event possibly related to the intervention.DiscussionIn conclusion, a single i.v. infusion of BM-derived MSC from third party donor seemed to improve hematological function after alloHCT, although spontaneous amelioration cannot be excluded. Comparative studies are warranted to confirm these encouraging results.</p

    Benchmarking of survival outcomes following Haematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT): an update of the ongoing project of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) and Joint Accreditation Committee of ISCT and EBMT (JACIE)

    No full text
    From 2016 EBMT and JACIE developed an international risk-adapted benchmarking program of haematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) outcome to provide individual EBMT Centers with a means of quality-assuring the HSCT process and meeting FACT-JACIE accreditation requirements relating to 1-year survival outcomes. Informed by previous experience from Europe, North America and Australasia, the Clinical Outcomes Group (COG) established criteria for patient and Center selection, and a set of key clinical variables within a dedicated statistical model adapted to the capabilities of the EBMT Registry. The first phase of the project was launched in 2019 to test the acceptability of the benchmarking model through assessment of Centers’ performance for 1-year data completeness and survival outcomes of autologous and allogeneic HSCT covering 2013–2016. A second phase was delivered in July 2021 covering 2015–2019 and including survival outcomes. Reports of individual Center performance were shared directly with local principal investigators and their responses were assimilated. The experience thus far has supported the feasibility, acceptability and reliability of the system as well as identifying its limitations. We provide a summary of experience and learning so far in this ‘work in progress’, as well as highlighting future challenges of delivering a modern, robust, data-complete, risk-adapted benchmarking program across new EBMT Registry systems

    sj-docx-1-tah-10.1177_20406207231199837 – Supplemental material for Alterations of erythropoiesis in Covid-19 patients: prevalence of positive Coombs tests and iron metabolism

    No full text
    Supplemental material, sj-docx-1-tah-10.1177_20406207231199837 for Alterations of erythropoiesis in Covid-19 patients: prevalence of positive Coombs tests and iron metabolism by Léa Schmitz, Michelle Pirotte, Alizée Lebeau, Marie Ernst, Marianne Fillet, Anais Devey, Justine Schmitt, Gaël Cobraiville, Marilène Binsfeld, Stéphanie Gofflot, Yves Beguin and Gaëlle Vertenoeil in Therapeutic Advances in Hematology</p

    Epidemiology, Outcomes, and Complement Gene Variants in Secondary Thrombotic Microangiopathies.

    No full text
    The identification of complement defects as major drivers of primary atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) has transformed the landscape of thrombotic microangiopathies (TMAs), leading to the development of targeted therapies and better patient outcomes. By contrast, little is known about the presentation, genetics, and outcomes of TMA associated with specific diseases or conditions, also referred to as secondary TMA. In this study, we assessed the relative incidence, clinical and genetic spectra, and long-term outcomes of secondary TMA versus other TMAs in consecutive patients hospitalized with a first episode of TMA from 2009 to 2019 at two European reference centers. During the study period, 336 patients were hospitalized with a first episode of TMA. Etiologies included atypical HUS in 49 patients (15%), thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) in 29 (9%), shigatoxin-associated HUS in 70 (21%), and secondary TMA in 188 (56%). The main causes of secondary TMA were hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation ( n =56, 30%), solid-organ transplantation ( n =44, 23%), and malignant hypertension ( n =25, 13%). Rare variants in complement genes were identified in 32 of 49 patients (65%) with atypical HUS and eight of 64 patients (13%) with secondary TMA; pathogenic or likely pathogenic variants were found in 24 of 49 (49%) and two of 64 (3%) of them, respectively ( P < 0.001). After a median follow-up of 1157 days, death or kidney failure occurred in 14 (29%), eight (28%), five (7%), and 121 (64%) patients with atypical HUS, TTP, shigatoxin-associated HUS, and secondary TMA, respectively. Unadjusted and adjusted Cox regressions showed that patients with secondary TMA had the highest risk of death or kidney failure (unadjusted hazard ratio [HR], 3.35; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.85 to 6.07; P < 0.001; adjusted HR, 4.11; 95% CI, 2.00 to 8.46; P < 0.001; considering atypical HUS as reference). Secondary TMAs represent the main cause of TMA and are independently associated with a high risk of death and progression to kidney failure

    Delayed graft function : an ongoing clinical challenge.

    Full text link
    editorial reviewedDelayed Graft Function (DGF) is defined as the need for dialysis during the first week after transplantation. DGF is frequent and mostly derived from the ischemia/reperfusion cascade to which the graft is subjected throughout the transplantation process. A graft biopsy is recommended after 7 days of DGF to exclude an episode of acute rejection. Note that DGF per se is associated with an increased risk of acute graft rejection, as well as with a shorter long-term graft survival. Several strategies are being studied to mitigate the ischaemic damage, thereby improving graft quality. Among these, cellular therapy using mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) is promising, in particular via the administration of MSC in the machine perfusion during the preservation of the graft. We will discuss here the different definitions of DGF and the main predictive factors of DGF, as well as the impact on the graft outcomes. The current strategies to prevent DGF will be briefly reviewed.La reprise retardée de fonction du greffon rénal (DGF en anglais pour Delayed Graft Function), définie notamment par la nécessité de dialyse durant la 1ère semaine après transplantation, reste un événement fréquent. La DGF résulte principalement des phénomènes d’ischémie/reperfusion auxquels le greffon est soumis tout au long du processus de transplantation. Néanmoins, une biopsie du greffon est préconisée après 7 jours de DGF afin d’exclure une cause non ischémique telle qu’un rejet aigu. La DGF est per se associée à un risque accru de rejet du greffon, ainsi qu’à une moins bonne survie du greffon rénal au long cours. Plusieurs stratégies sont étudiées afin d’atténuer les dommages ischémiques et améliorer la qualité du greffon. Parmi celles-ci, la thérapie cellulaire par cellules stromales mésenchymateuses est prometteuse, notamment via l’administration de celles-ci dans la machine de perfusion lors de la préservation du greffon. Nous aborderons les différentes définitions de la DGF ainsi que ses principaux facteurs prédictifs, l’impact sur le devenir du greffon et, brièvement, les stratégies actuelles dans le cadre de la prévention de la DGF

    Outcome after allogeneic stem cell transplantation with haploidentical versus HLA-matched donors in patients with higher-risk MDS.

    Full text link
    peer reviewedAllogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation remains the best curative option for higher-risk myelodysplastic syndrome. The presence of monosomal karyotype and/or complex karyotype abnormalities predicts inferior survival after allo-SCT in MDS patients. Haploidentical allo-SCT has been increasingly used in acute leukemia (AL) and has similar results as using HLA-matched donors, but data on higher-risk MDS is sparse. We compared outcomes in 266 patients with higher-risk MDS after HLA-matched sibling donor (MSD, n = 79), HLA-matched unrelated donor (MUD, n = 139) and HLA haploidentical donor (HID, n = 48) from 2010 to 2019. Median donor age differed between the three groups (p < 0.001). The overall survival was significantly different between the three groups with a better OS observed in the MUD group (p = 0.014). This observation could be explained by a higher progression-free survival with MUD (p = 0.014). The cumulative incidence of grade 2-4 acute GvHD was significantly higher in the HID group (p = 0.051). However, in multivariable analysis, patients transplanted using an HID had comparable mortality to patients transplanted using a MUD (subdistribution hazard ratio [sHR]: 0.58 [0.32-1.07]; p = 0.080) and a MSD ([sHR]: 0.56 [0.28-1.11]; p = 0.094). MUD do not remain a significant positive predictor of survival, suggesting that beyond the donor-recipient HLA matching, the donor age might impact recipient outcome
    • …