152,040 research outputs found

    Codes Cross-Correlation Impact on S-curve Bias and Data-Pilot Code Pairs Optimization for CBOC Signals

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    The aim of this paper is to analyze the impact of spreading codes cross-correlation on code tracking performance, and to optimize the data-pilot code pairs of Galileo E1 Open Service (OS) Composite Binary Offset Carrier (CBOC) signals. The distortion of the discriminator function (i.e., S-curve), due to data and pilot spreading codes cross-correlation properties, is evaluated when only the data or pilot components of CBOC signals are tracked, considering the features of the modulation schemes. Analyses show that the S-curve bias also depends on the receiver configuration (e.g., the tracking algorithm and correlator spacing). In this paper, two methods are proposed to optimize the data-pilot code pairs of Galileo E1 OS. The optimization goal is to obtain minimum average S-curve biases when tracking only the pilot components of CBOC signals for the specific correlator spacing. The S-curve biases after optimization processes are analyzed and compared with the un-optimized results. It is shown that the optimized data-pilot code pairs could significantly mitigate the intra-channel (i.e., data and pilot) codes cross-correlationÔľĆand then improve the code tracking performance of CBOC signals

    Modeling of near wall turbulence and modeling of bypass transition

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    The objectives for this project are as follows: (1) Modeling of the near wall turbulence: We aim to develop a second order closure for the near wall turbulence. As a first step of this project, we try to develop a kappa-epsilon model for near wall turbulence. We require the resulting model to be able to handle both near wall turbulence and turbulent flows away from the wall, computationally robust, and applicable for complex flow situations, flow with separation, for example, and (2) Modeling of the bypass transition: We aim to develop a bypass transition model which contains the effect of intermittency. Thus, the model can be used for both the transitional boundary layers and the turbulent boundary layers. We require the resulting model to give a good prediction of momentum and heat transfer within the transitional boundary and a good prediction of the effect of freestream turbulence on transitional boundary layers

    A simplicial algorithm for testing the integral properties of polytopes: A revision

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    Given an arbitrary polytope P in the n-dimensional Euclidean space R n , the question is to determine whether P contains an integral point or not. We propose a simplicial algorithm to answer this question based on a specifc integer labeling rule and a specific triangulation of R n . Starting from an arbitrary integral point ofR n , the algorithm terminates within a finite number of steps with either an integral point in P or proving there is no integral point inP. One prominent feature of the algorithm is that the structure of the algorithm is very simple and itcanbeeasily implemented on a computer. Moreover, the algorithm is computationally very simple, exible and stable.Linear Programming;operations research
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