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    Performance of the local reconstruction algorithms for the CMS hadron calorimeter with Run 2 data

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    A description is presented of the algorithms used to reconstruct energy deposited in the CMS hadron calorimeter during Run 2 (2015–2018) of the LHC. During Run 2, the characteristic bunch-crossing spacing for proton-proton collisions was 25 ns, which resulted in overlapping signals from adjacent crossings. The energy corresponding to a particular bunch crossing of interest is estimated using the known pulse shapes of energy depositions in the calorimeter, which are measured as functions of both energy and time. A variety of algorithms were developed to mitigate the effects of adjacent bunch crossings on local energy reconstruction in the hadron calorimeter in Run 2, and their performance is compared

    <i>she</i> mutants show enlarged diameter of the dorsal aorta.

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    (A,B) Overall vascular patterning of she-/- mutants is normal when compared to their sibling wild-type embryos at 28 hpf. Embryos are in kdrl:GFP background. (C-F) A wider DA is observed in she mutant embryos compared to their wild-type (she+/+) siblings at 1 and 2 dpf (28 and 48 hpf respectively). Red line indicates DA diameter. (G,H) DA is narrower in she mutants at 4 dpf compared to their siblings. (I,J) Qtracker dots were injected into the circulatory system at 2 dpf (48 hpf) stage. Wider DA is apparent in she mutants (red lines), indicating enlarged vascular lumen size. (K) Diameter of the DA and PCV at 1–4 dpf in she mutants and their wild-type siblings. * phe mutant and sibling embryos were obtained by in-crossing sheci26+/-; kdrl:GFP carriers. Embryos at 1 and 2 dpf were genotyped after imaging. Embryos at 4 dpf were separated based on the phenotype, and wild-type siblings include she+/+ and she+/- embryos at this stage. Numbers at the bottom of the bars indicate the total number of embryos analyzed.</p

    A portrait of the Higgs boson by the CMS experiment ten years after the discovery