44,902 research outputs found

    ROC curves of the different renal parenchymal models for distinguishing patients with PA from HCs.

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    The AUC values of the Model_DKI_Cortex, Model_DKI_Medulla, Model_DKI, Model_Cortex, Model_Medulla and Model_all parameters were 0.833, 0.877, 0.966, 0.851,0.877 and 0.967, respectively.</p

    Image_1_Advanced lung cancer inflammation index predicts overall survival of hepatocellular carcinoma after hepatectomy.tif

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    AimLimited data are available regarding ALI’s clinical relevance and prognostic value in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after hepatectomy.Materials and methodsHCC patients who received hepatectomy at the Meizhou People’s Hospital from May 2011 to February 2022 were enrolled in the study cohort. The ALI was calculated as follows: ALI = BMI (kg/m2) × ALB (g/dL)/(absolute neutrophil count/absolute lymphocyte count). The primary outcome was overall survival (OS). The secondary outcome was cancer-specific survival (CSS). Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses were performed, followed by nomogram construction and decision curve analysis (DCA).Results425 HCC patients were enrolled for analyses. Lower preoperative ALI was significantly correlated with incomplete tumor capsule and advanced tumor stage. Lower preoperative ALI was an adverse independent prognostic factor for OS (HR: 1.512, 95% CI: 1.122-2.039, P 0.007) and CSS (HR: 1.754, 95% CI: 1.262-2.438, P ConclusionsOur study further indicated that ALI could be a prognostic marker for OS and CSS in HCC patients after hepatectomy, especially in long-term OS.</p

    Black Hole Ultracompact X-Ray Binaries as Galactic Low-frequency Gravitational Wave Sources: The He Star Channel

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    Black hole (BH) ultracompact X-ray binaries (UCXBs) are potential Galactic low-frequency gravitational wave (GW) sources. As an alternative channel, BH UCXBs can evolve from BH+He star binaries. In this work, we perform a detailed stellar evolution model for the formation and evolution of BH UCXBs evolving from the He star channel to diagnose their detectability as low-frequency GW sources. Our calculations found that some nascent BH+He star binaries after the common-envelope (CE) phase could evolve into UCXB-LISA sources with a maximum GW frequency of ∌5 mHz, which can be detected in a distance of 10 kpc (or 100 kpc). Once BH+He star systems become UCXBs through mass transfer, they would emit X-ray luminosities of ∌10 ^38 erg s ^−1 , making them ideal multimessenger objects. If the initial He-star masses are ≄0.7 M _⊙ , those systems are likely to experience two Roche lobe overflows, and the X-ray luminosity can reach a maximum of 3.5 × 10 ^39 erg s ^−1 in the second mass-transfer stage. The initial He-star masses and initial orbital periods of progenitors of Galactic BH UCXB-LISA sources are in the range of 0.32–2.9 M _⊙ and 0.02–0.19 days, respectively. Nearly all BH+He star binaries in the above parameter space can evolve into GW sources whose chirp masses can be accurately measured. Employing a population synthesis simulation, we predict the birthrate and detection number of Galactic BH UCXB-LISA sources evolving from the He star channel are R = 2.2 × 10 ^−6 yr ^−1 and 33 for an optimistic CE parameter, respectively

    Association of oxcarbazepine concentration with seizure frequency in pregnant women with epilepsy

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    The management of epilepsy during pregnancy presents particular challenges for neurologists worldwide. Currently, there are no clear recommendations for oxcarbazepine (OXC) specific target concentration during pregnancy. We conducted this retrospective observational cohort study on pregnant women with epilepsy (WWE) who received OXC monotherapy or polytherapy, at the epilepsy outpatient clinic of a tertiary hospital in eastern China. Sixteen pregnancies of 16 WWE were split into the seizure-free group or the non-seizure-free group, according to whether they had been seizure free for more than one year prior to conception or not. There was a significantly decrease in OXC concentration throughout pregnancy, as indicated by the concentration/dose ratio and the ratio of target concentration (RTC). The second trimester of pregnancy was the period when seizure deterioration occurred the most, particularly in the non-seizure-free group. Lower RTC_OXC was identified to be a risk factor for increasing seizure frequency in both the total group and the non-seizure-free group in both univariate and multivariate analysis, with a threshold of 0.575 for differentiating patients at high-risk and low-risk for seizure deterioration. In conclusion, this study suggested an OXC concentration threshold of 0.575 during pregnancy for assisting neurologists in OXC drug monitoring and dose adaptation

    CEPC Technical Design Report -- Accelerator

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    International audienceThe Circular Electron Positron Collider (CEPC) is a large scientific project initiated and hosted by China, fostered through extensive collaboration with international partners. The complex comprises four accelerators: a 30 GeV Linac, a 1.1 GeV Damping Ring, a Booster capable of achieving energies up to 180 GeV, and a Collider operating at varying energy modes (Z, W, H, and ttbar). The Linac and Damping Ring are situated on the surface, while the Booster and Collider are housed in a 100 km circumference underground tunnel, strategically accommodating future expansion with provisions for a Super Proton Proton Collider (SPPC). The CEPC primarily serves as a Higgs factory. In its baseline design with synchrotron radiation (SR) power of 30 MW per beam, it can achieve a luminosity of 5e34 /cm^2/s^1, resulting in an integrated luminosity of 13 /ab for two interaction points over a decade, producing 2.6 million Higgs bosons. Increasing the SR power to 50 MW per beam expands the CEPC's capability to generate 4.3 million Higgs bosons, facilitating precise measurements of Higgs coupling at sub-percent levels, exceeding the precision expected from the HL-LHC by an order of magnitude. This Technical Design Report (TDR) follows the Preliminary Conceptual Design Report (Pre-CDR, 2015) and the Conceptual Design Report (CDR, 2018), comprehensively detailing the machine's layout and performance, physical design and analysis, technical systems design, R&D and prototyping efforts, and associated civil engineering aspects. Additionally, it includes a cost estimate and a preliminary construction timeline, establishing a framework for forthcoming engineering design phase and site selection procedures. Construction is anticipated to begin around 2027-2028, pending government approval, with an estimated duration of 8 years. The commencement of experiments could potentially initiate in the mid-2030s

    Stereoconvergent and Chemoenzymatic Synthesis of Tumor-Associated Glycolipid Disialosyl Globopentaosylceramide for Probing the Binding Affinity of Siglec‑7

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    Disialosyl globopentaosylceramide (DSGb5) is a tumor-associated complex glycosphingolipid. However, the accessibility of structurally well-defined DSGb5 for precise biological functional studies remains challenging. Herein, we describe the first total synthesis of DSGb5 glycolipid by an efficient chemoenzymatic approach. A Gb5 pentasaccharide-sphingosine was chemically synthesized by a convergent and stereocontrolled [2 + 3] method using an oxazoline disaccharide donor to exclusively form ÎČ-anomeric linkage. After investigating the substrate specificity of different sialyltransferases, regio- and stereoselective installment of two sialic acids was achieved by two sequential enzyme-catalyzed reactions using α2,3-sialyltransferase Cst-I and α2,6-sialyltransferase ST6GalNAc5. A unique aspect of the approach is that methyl-ÎČ-cyclodextrin-assisted enzymatic α2,6-sialylation of glycolipid substrate enables installment of the challenging internal α2,6-linked sialoside to synthesize DSGb5 glycosphingolipid. Surface plasmon resonance studies indicate that DSGb5 glycolipid exhibits better binding affinity for Siglec-7 than the oligosaccharide moiety of DSGb5. The binding results suggest that the ceramide moiety of DSGb5 facilitates its binding by presenting multivalent interactions of glycan epitope for the recognition of Siglec-7

    DataSheet_1_LysM protein BdLM1 of Botryosphaeria dothidea plays an important role in full virulence and inhibits plant immunity by binding chitin and protecting hyphae from hydrolysis.docx

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    Botryosphaeria dothidea infects hundreds of woody plants and causes a severe economic loss to apple production. In this study, we characterized BdLM1, a protein from B. dothidea that contains one LysM domain. BdLM1 expression was dramatically induced at 6 h post-inoculation in wounded apple fruit, strongly increased at 7 d post-inoculation (dpi), and peaked at 20 dpi in intact shoots. The knockout mutants of BdLM1 had significantly reduced virulence on intact apple shoots (20%), wounded apple shoots (40%), and wounded apple fruit (40%). BdLM1 suppressed programmed cell death caused by the mouse protein BAX through Agrobacterium-mediated transient expression in Nicotiana benthamiana, reduced H2O2 accumulation and callose deposition, downregulated resistance gene expression, and promoted Phytophthora nicotianae infection in N. benthamiana. Moreover, BdLM1 inhibited the active oxygen burst induced by chitin and flg22, bound chitin, and protected fungal hyphae against degradation by hydrolytic enzymes. Taken together, our results indicate that BdLM1 is an essential LysM effector required for the full virulence of B. dothidea and that it inhibits plant immunity. Moreover, BdLM1 could inhibit chitin-triggered plant immunity through a dual role, i.e., binding chitin and protecting fungal hyphae against chitinase hydrolysis.</p

    DataSheet_3_Will previous antimicrobial therapy reduce the positivity rate of metagenomic next-generation sequencing in periprosthetic joint infections? A clinical study.pdf

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    BackgroundMetagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) is a culture-independent massively parallel DNA sequencing technology and it has been widely used for rapid etiological diagnosis with significantly high positivity rate. Currently, clinical studies on evaluating the influence of previous antimicrobial therapy on positivity rate of mNGS in PJIs are rarely reported. The present study aimed to investigate whether the positivity rate of mNGS is susceptible to previous antimicrobial therapy.MethodsWe performed a prospective trial among patients who undergone hip or knee surgery due to periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) to compare the positivity rate of culture and mNGS between cases with and without previous antimicrobial therapy, and the positivity rates between cases with different antimicrobial-free intervals were also analysed.ResultsAmong 131 included PJIs, 91 (69.5%) had positive cultures and 115 (87.8%) had positive mNGS results. There was no significant difference in the positivity rate of deep-tissue culture and synovial fluid mNGS between cases with and without previous antimicrobial therapy. The positivity rate of synovial fluid culture was higher in cases with previous antimicrobial therapy. The positivity rates of mNGS in synovial fluid decreased as the antimicrobial-free interval ranged from 4 to 14 days to 0 to 3 days.ConclusionmNGS is more advantageous than culture with a higher pathogen detection rate. However, our data suggested that antimicrobial agents may need to be discontinued more than 3 days before sampling to further increase the positivity rate of mNGS for PJIs.</p

    Locus coeruleus tyrosine hydroxylase positive neurons mediated the peripheral and central therapeutic effects of transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) in MRL/lpr mice

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    Objective: This study aims to investigate the effects of transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) on the development of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in MRL/lpr mice. Methods: MRL/lpr mice were treated with taVNS for ten weeks. Locus coeruleus (LC) tyrosine hydroxylase positive (TH+) neurons were selectively lesioned by stereotactic injection of 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) or selectively activated by chemogenetic methods. Sympathetic denervation was conducted by intraperitoneal injection of 6-OHDA. Results: TaVNS activated the TH + neurons in LC. TaVNS produced central therapeutic effects by reducing the number of hippocampal microglia, and increasing the number of surviving LC TH+ neurons in MRL/lpr mice. TaVNS also retarded the development of lymphadenectasis and splenomegaly, decreased the proportion of double-negative T (DNT) cells, and alleviated nephritis in MRL/lpr mice. The lesion of LC TH+ neurons eliminated both these central and peripheral therapeutic effects of taVNS, while chemogenetic activation of LC TH+ neurons mimicked most central and peripheral protective effects of taVNS in MRL/lpr mice. Furthermore, taVNS regulated the autonomic nervous system in MRL/lpr mice. Conclusion: This study provides direct evidence that taVNS can retard the development of peripheral and central symptoms of SLE, which is mediated by the LC TH+ neurons