4,826 research outputs found

    Understanding Social Investment Policy: evidence from the evaluation of Futurebuilders in England

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    The concept of social investment has attracted interest from policy makers, financial markets and not for profit organisations. It is an emergent notion which is multi-faceted and includes different market forms, policy responses, and institutional configurations. There is relatively little empirical evidence on the design, implementation and impacts of the various initiatives which have been perceived as falling within the field of social investment. This paper begins to address this gap. It draws on the national evaluation of Futurebuilders in England which was undertaken between 2005 and 2010. At the time Futurebuilders was one of the largest examples of a public policy initiative to support social investment; based on a policy model of government seeking to promote the use of loan funding to third sector organisations as part of a wider agenda of expanding the sector's role in the delivery of public services. The paper explores the effects of the programme on the third sector, on public service delivery and on service users. In conclusion the paper challenges some of the assumptions of this policy model, as well as the potential for 'impact investing' to become a framework for welfare provision

    The New European Automotive Industry

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    Am 17. und 18. März 2005 findet in der britischen Botschaft in Berlin die diesjährige "CESifo International Spring Conference" statt. Am ersten Tag werden die wirtschaftlichen Perspektiven wichtiger Weltregionen behandelt. Im Mittelpunkt des zweiten Tages steht die konjunkturelle Entwicklung in bedeutenden Branchen der europäischen Industrie. Peter Wells vom Center for Automotive Industry Research, Cardiff, wird einer der Referenten sein. Hier gibt er eine kurze Einschätzung der Entwicklung der Automobilbranche in Europa.Kraftfahrzeugindustrie, Kosten, Produktion, Konjunktur, Investition, EU-Staaten

    The contribution of rural community businesses to integrated rural development: “Local services for local people”

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    Policy responses to the problems facing rural areas across Europe have involved the replacement of “productivist” measures that subsidise agriculture to strategies promoting “integrated rural development”, emphasising the interconnections between various facets of the rural economy. Thus farm modernisation and product processing and marketing are linked with the promotion of a more diversified economic base centred on tourism and recreation and the maintenance of services for local residents. An essential element of this model is its reliance on collaborative actions involving a range of community or civil society actors. This paper examines the extent to which the operation of community-owned businesses in rural parts of the Yorkshire and Humber region in the UK corresponds to these ideals of integrated rural development. Evidence is presented on their geographical footprint with respect to both direct economic impacts and linkages with social and institutional networks. This allows an assessment to be made of the contribution that such enterprises make to rural economic development as a whole. The conclusion is that they do have the potential to assist integrated rural development, but only as a small part of a much wider series of economic, social and environmental actions.integrated rural development, rural community businesses, economic impacts, geographical footprint, volunteering

    Appraising the Appraisers : Evaluating Modes of Teacher Appraisal

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    Universities and schools use various methods of teacher appraisal, including inspection by external agencies or managers, peer observation, and student evaluation, in order to improve the performance of their faculty. In this article it is suggested that self appraisal is more effective than any other method of appraising teachers, and thus improving their performance. The article draws on the writer\u27s experience as a teacher trainer and school inspector in the UK and other countries, and on his recent experience as an Assistant Professor at Kansai Gaidai University. Data from two recent initiatives in teacher appraisal at that university are also studied. The writer concludes by proposing that self appraisal should be the core element of teacher development, supplemented by the judicious use of peer observation and student evaluation

    Evidence based policy making in an age of austerity

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    This paper reflects on the course of evidence based policy making (EBPM) in the United Kingdom over the last ten years: from the New Labour Government through the Coalition Government to the post 2015 Conservative Governments. A central focus is how the politics of austerity have shaped EBPM. Hayek’s theory of spontaneous ordering is introduced to examine whether EBPM since 2010 has taken a distinct course linked to the wider statecraft of austerity politics, the reduction in the role of the state and the preferencing of market based solutions. The paper finds the state or a ‘made order’ of EBPM to be resilient but under threat not just from austerity but also the rise of post-truth politics

    Pathways to inflated responsibility beliefs in adolescent obsessive-compulsive disorder: a preliminary investigation

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    Background: An inflated sense of responsibility is characteristic of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). No previous studies have investigated its origins. Five potential pathways to inflated responsibility beliefs have been proposed; these are tested in this study. Method: A novel measure, the Origins Questionnaire for Adolescents (OQA), was developed to assess experiences on these five pathways. Reliability of the OQA was investigated. The experiences on the five pathways to inflated responsibility beliefs of sixteen adolescents with a history of OCD were compared to sixteen adolescents with no history of OCD. Parents also reported on adolescents’ experiences on the five pathways. Results: Inter-rater reliability was high. The internal consistency of the subscales were only partly satisfactory. The groups differed on one pathway; the clinical group reported a higher sense of responsibility for significant incidents with a negative outcome prior to onset of OCD. Conclusions: An inflated sense of responsibility, in combination with the occurrence of specific incidents, might act as a vulnerability factor for development of OCD. Future research should consider how to measure the subtle effects of experiences of responsibility over the course of development

    EANF learning report 2: building alliances

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