6,192 research outputs found

    COVID-19 and Prostate Cancer, Can Two Negatives Equal a Positive?

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    This is a letter to the editor on the discussion on COVID-19 and prostate cancer

    Improving handover in recovery

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    The Impact of the Early COVID-19 Global Pandemic on Children Undergoing Active Cancer Treatment and Their Parents

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    (1) Background: The COVID-19 global pandemic has impacted people worldwide with unique implications for vulnerable groups. In this cross-sectional study, we examined the impact of the early pandemic on children undergoing active cancer treatment and their parents. (2) Methods: In May 2020, 30 parents of children undergoing active cancer treatment completed an online survey regarding the impact of COVID-19 on their child’s cancer care, perceived utility of telemedicine, and child and parent mental health status. (3) Results: Most participants (87%) reported that they did not experience any changes to major cancer treatments. Among those who reported using telemedicine, 78% reported this to be beneficial. Over half of the participants reported that their child’s mental health status was worse now than prior to the COVID-19 global pandemic. Parent-reported child anxiety scores were significantly higher for those who reported changes to mental health care for their child compared to those who did not report the same, t(25.99) = −3.04, p = 0.005. (4) Conclusion: Child and parent mental health status were affected when compared to pre-pandemic. Telemedicine appears to be a promising complement to face-to-face meetings for some families and warrants further exploration

    Effects of Mustard Invasions on Soil Microbial Abundances and Fungal Assemblages in Southern California

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    Although mustards (family, Brassicaceae) are common across southern California, research has not focused on the effects of type-conversion of native California sage scrub (CSS) to areas dominated by invasive mustards. To better understand how mustard invasions, primarily the short-pod mustard, Hirschfeldia incana, impact soil microbial assemblages, we examined microbial abundance and assemblages from intact CSS and adjacent mustard-dominated soils at three sites. We also explored if germination rates for various plant species differed between CSS and mustard soils. We found that mustard invasions reduce soil microbial abundances by more than 50% and alter soil fungal assemblages. Fungal richness, diversity, and evenness did not differ between habitats, highlighting that these habitats harbor unique microbial assemblages. While mustard allelopathy is predicted to be the primary driver of these changes, mustard invasions also increased soil pH. Although functional consequences of these shifts are unknown, low mustard germination in CSS soils supports biological resistance to mustard invasion in CSS. Overall, our results demonstrate that mustard invasions, H. incana in particular, exert a strong selecting force on soil microbial assemblages, which can influence effective CSS restoration and preservation of ecosystem services
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