28 research outputs found

    Outside offers and bidding costs

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    This paper provides a search theoretic model with endogenous job creation, and homogenous workers and firms. The model introduces bidding costs and allows the current employer to make a counteroffer with probability q when the worker receives an outside offer. In equilibrium, a higher level of ex-post competition (q) reduces the probability that an employed worker receives an outside offer. Therefore, a higher level of ex-post competition may decrease the expected income of the workers. In the extreme case when the competition is cutthroat (q = 1), no employed worker receives outside offers and each employed worker earns only the minimum wage. In contrast to existing models, our model allows for wage dispersion even if all frictions (including bidding and search costs) converge to zero simultaneously. When bidding costs are small and ex-post competition is strong, a small change in parameter values may influence the equilibrium bidding, wage distribution and job creation substantially. Consequently, it is not only the overall level of market frictions that matters, but also their structure.counteroffers, wage dispersion, job creation

    Independence of a Regulatory Institution - a Means to Alleviate Credibility Problems in the CEE Countries

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    In Hungary and the Central-European region, state regulation has been at the forefront of interest since the beginning of the economic transition. Among the many interesting questions raised, we would like to analyze the problem of building an appropriate regulatory system allowing the industry to operate efficiently from a social point of view. We use the term "regulatory system" for the description of decision rights. A particular regulatory system amounts to the allocation of decision rights between the different actors in a regulatory game (regulatory agency, government, courts, consumer organizations, competition office). We do not propose a specific incentive scheme, which must be enforced (and is enforceable), instead we concentrate on the possible enforcement mechanisms.credibility, Hungary