293 research outputs found

    Helicobacterpylori Infection for Hemodialysis Patients

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    Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease in Chronic Renal Failure Patients

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    A STUDY ON THERMAL ENVIRONMENT IN RIVER REACH WITH A SERIES OF SABO DAMS

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    In previous researches (e.g.: Nakano et al, 1996), it is estimated that habitat for cold water fish will be decreasing in Hokkaido area, Japan, if water temperature go up several degrees by global warming. In summer, habitat for Siretoko Peninsula (20 degree is limit temperature) comes severer in daytime by radiation in Siretoko Peninsula, and Sabo dam series is suspected as a factor further heating. In this study, under an assumption that dam makes wide, shallow, and slow flow area and they make further heating effects by radiation/sensitive heat flux, field investigations on micro meteorology, temporal/spatial water temperature change and flow field are done in two domains with/without dam series in the Kanayama River. Furthermore small experiment also done to know heal flux magnitude of dam fall’s heating effect Result shows that: (1) radiation’s effect is larger in dam series domain than another. (2) This effects are estimated by flow field with wide water surface and slow velocity made by river bed shape with flat dam. (3) At dam falls, heating effect is negligible or cooling effect is larger by latent heat. By further research, explanation of heating effects by falls taking warm air at pools is expected

    Assessment of inhibition with the Go/No-Go Task

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    Young, Sutherland, and McCoy indicated that a Go/No-Go Task (GNG) becomes more difficult as the inter-stimulus intervals (ISIs) becomes shorter. However, is the number of commission errors under extremely short ISIs a useful metric for assessing response inhibition? This study challenges the assumption that a shorter ISI in the GNG enables better assessment of response inhibition. University students (N = 213) completed the GNG, the Conners Continuous Performance Test 3rd Edition (CCPT), and the Modified Stroop Task. The GNG comprised four blocks of 400, 600, 800, and 1000 ms ISIs, whereas the stimulus presentation was fixed at 250 ms. Consistent with Young et al., shorter ISIs in the GNG resulted in more commission errors. In the block with the shortest ISI, participants also failed more frequently in responses in go trials than in the other blocks, which appears to increase in error variance of commission errors. Consistent with this interpretation, the association between the number of commission errors in the block with 400 ms ISI and CCPT performance was weaker than those between the number of commission errors in other blocks and CCPT performance. It is concluded that using the number of commission errors in the condition with extremely short ISIs in the GNG might be inappropriate for assessing response inhibition

    Response inhibition deficits are positively associated with trait rumination, but attentional inhibition deficits are not : aggressive behaviors and interpersonal stressors as mediators

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    Previous findings on relationships between inhibition that is a core executive function, and trait rumination have been inconsistent. This inconsistency could be overcome by investigating the association between rumination and the two subcomponents of inhibition: response inhibition and attentional inhibition. This study examined whether and how response inhibition and attentional inhibition were related to rumination as well as worry. University students in Japan (N = 213) conducted the Go/No-Go Task and the Modified Stroop Task. They also completed self-report measures of depression, trait rumination, trait worry, stressors, and aggressive behaviors. Results indicated that response inhibition deficits were positively associated with trait rumination, and this association was mediated by increases in aggressive behaviors and interpersonal stressors. The associations between these variables remained significant even after controlling for depression level. There were no significant direct or indirect associations between attentional inhibition deficits and rumination. These results suggest that response inhibition deficits, among the subcomponents of inhibition, have an indirect positive association with rumination through interpersonal processes. Results also showed nonsignificant differences between rumination and worry in the magnitude of correlation coefficients with the two subcomponents of inhibition. Therefore, it remains unclear whether the positive association with response inhibition is unique to rumination

    123I-metaiodo-benzylguanidine myocardial scintigraphy in the Brugada-type ECG

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    The degree of ST-segment elevation and amplitude of J waves, which may change in patients with the Brugada-type electrocardiogram(ECG)over time, are influenced by autonomic nervous activity and the administration of antiarrhythmic drugs. In the present study, we evaluated whether the shape of ST-segment elevation in patients with a Brugada-type ECG might alter the parameters of an 123I-MIBGmyocardial scintigraphy and body surface signal-averaged ECG (SAECG). The subjects consisted of 12 patients with a Brugada-type ECG and 15 healthy volunteers (N group). The patients with a Brugada-type ECG were classified into the following 2 groups based on the type of ST-segment elevation: 6 patients with the coved type ST-segment elevation (C group), and 6 patients with the saddle-back type ST-segment elevation (S group). Planar and SPECT images were obtained 15 minutes (early images) and 3 hours (delayed images) after the administration of 123I-MIBG, respectively. In addition, the washout rate (%WR) of 123I-MIBG was obtained in a bull’s eye map of the SPECT image. There were no significant differences in the early H/M ratio between the C and S groups. In the C group, however, there were some patients who showed a decreased accumulation or defect of 123I-MIBG in the planar and SPECT images. Furthermore, in contrast to the N and S groups, the C group showed a decreased delayed H/M ratio and increased %WR. SAECG did not show any significant differences between the S and C groups. These results of the present study suggest that the shape of ST-segment elevation may be associated with myocardial autonomic nervous function. In addition, the electric heterogeneity of the actionpotential in the right ventricular epicardial myocardium, which is frequently influenced by autonomic nervous activity, is closely associated with the development of Brugada syndrome

    Hub structure in functional network of EEG signals supporting high cognitive functions in older individuals

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    IntroductionMaintaining high cognitive functions is desirable for “wellbeing” in old age and is particularly relevant to a super-aging society. According to their individual cognitive functions, optimal intervention for older individuals facilitates the maintenance of cognitive functions. Cognitive function is a result of whole-brain interactions. These interactions are reflected in several measures in graph theory analysis for the topological characteristics of functional connectivity. Betweenness centrality (BC), which can identify the “hub” node, i.e., the most important node affecting whole-brain network activity, may be appropriate for capturing whole-brain interactions. During the past decade, BC has been applied to capture changes in brain networks related to cognitive deficits arising from pathological conditions. In this study, we hypothesized that the hub structure of functional networks would reflect cognitive function, even in healthy elderly individuals.MethodTo test this hypothesis, based on the BC value of the functional connectivity obtained using the phase lag index from the electroencephalogram under the eyes closed resting state, we examined the relationship between the BC value and cognitive function measured using the Five Cognitive Functions test total score.ResultsWe found a significant positive correlation of BC with cognitive functioning and a significant enhancement in the BC value of individuals with high cognitive functioning, particularly in the frontal theta network.DiscussionThe hub structure may reflect the sophisticated integration and transmission of information in whole-brain networks to support high-level cognitive function. Our findings may contribute to the development of biomarkers for assessing cognitive function, enabling optimal interventions for maintaining cognitive function in older individuals

    Risk Factors for Migration, Fracture, and Dislocation of Pancreatic Stents

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    Aim. To analyze the risk factors for pancreatic stent migration, dislocation, and fracture in chronic pancreatitis patients with pancreatic strictures. Materials and Methods. Endoscopic stent placements (total 386 times) were performed in 99 chronic pancreatitis patients with pancreatic duct stenosis at our institution between April 2006 and June 2014. We retrospectively examined the frequency of stent migration, dislocation, and fracture and analyzed the patient factors and stent factors. We also investigated the retrieval methods for migrated and fractured stents and their success rates. Results. The frequencies of stent migration, dislocation, and fracture were 1.5% (5/396), 0.8% (3/396), and 1.2% (4/396), respectively. No significant differences in the rates of migration, dislocation, or fracture were noted on the patient factors (etiology, cases undergoing endoscopic pancreatic sphincterotomy, location of pancreatic duct stenosis, existence of pancreatic stone, and approach from the main or minor papilla) and stent factors (duration of stent placement, numbers of stent placements, stent shape, diameter, and length). Stent retrieval was successful in all cases of migration. In cases of fractured stents, retrieval was successful in 2 of 4 cases. Conclusion. Stent migration, fracture, and dislocation are relatively rare, but possible complications. A good understanding of retrieval techniques is necessary

    Surgery for complications by diverticular disease of the colon

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    Surgical experience with fifteen complications of diverticular disease of the colon has been reported. These had a considerably long period from onset to operation except for perforation episode. Conservative treatment prior to surgery is of great benefit to avoid postoperative complications. The surgical outcome, thereafter is satisfactory and recurrence has not been experienced
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