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    A circulação das ideias de Johann Friedrich Herbart em manuais didáticos norte-americanos (1893-1920)

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    This article adopts the historical perspective to understand the dynamics of the circulation of pedagogical ideas and identify movements of innovation, accommodation, and reinterpretation, usual in cultural processes. The analysis of the theme is limited to the educational ideas of Johan Friedrich Herbart (1776-1841) put into circulation in the United States of America, between the final decade of the 19th century and the initial decades of the 20th century. The documentary sources that support the analysis of this theme are two textbooks produced to guide the teaching practice of elementary school teachers, in training and practice: The elements of the general method based on the principles of Herbart (in the 1893 and 1907 editions) and Teaching by Projects, published in 1920, both by Charles A. McMurry (1857-1929), one of the leading North American disseminators of Herbartianism who, in addition to producing a vast bibliography, was a teacher, director and superintendent in primary schools, served in teacher training institutions and was one of the founders and Secretary of the National Herbart Society. The analysis of the diffusion cycle of Herbartian ideas, located between the Pestalozzian conceptions - the object lessons - and the conceptions of Progressive Education - the project method -, considered the interrelationship between agents, educational institutions, and pedagogical publications and followed since its renewing pretensions until its capitulation in the face of other trends and theories. Movements of innovation, adaptation, and reinterpretation of pedagogical concepts and practices were identified to give them relevance and meaning in different contexts of use.Este artigo adota a perspectiva hist√≥rica com o objetivo de compreender a din√Ęmica da circula√ß√£o das ideias pedag√≥gicas e identificar movimentos de inova√ß√£o, acomoda√ß√£o e reinterpreta√ß√£o, pr√≥prios dos processos culturais. A an√°lise do tema est√° delimitada √†s ideias educacionais de Johann Friedrich Herbart (1776-1841) postas em circula√ß√£o nos Estados Unidos da Am√©rica, entre a d√©cada final do s√©culo XIX e as d√©cadas iniciais do s√©culo XX. As fontes documentais que amparam a an√°lise desse tema s√£o dois manuais did√°ticos produzidos para orientar a pr√°tica de ensino de professores da escola elementar, em forma√ß√£o e em exerc√≠cio: The elements of general method based on the principles of Herbart (nas edi√ß√Ķes de 1893 e 1907) e Teaching by projects, publicado em 1920, ambos de autoria de Charles A. McMurry (1857-1929), um dos principais divulgadores norte-americanos do herbartianismo. O autor, al√©m de produzir vasta bibliografia, foi professor, diretor e superintendente de escolas prim√°rias, atuou em institui√ß√Ķes de forma√ß√£o de professores e foi um dos fundadores e Secret√°rio da National Herbart Society. A an√°lise do ciclo de difus√£o das ideias herbartianas, situado entre as concep√ß√Ķes pestalozianas ‚Äď as li√ß√Ķes de coisas ‚Äď e as concep√ß√Ķes da Educa√ß√£o Progressiva ‚Äď o m√©todo de projetos -, considerou a inter-rela√ß√£o entre agentes, institui√ß√Ķes formadoras e impressos pedag√≥gicos e acompanhou desde suas pretens√Ķes renovadoras at√© sua capitula√ß√£o frente a outras tend√™ncias e teorias. Foram identificados movimentos de inova√ß√£o, adapta√ß√£o e reinterpreta√ß√£o dos conceitos e das pr√°ticas pedag√≥gicas destinados a conferir-lhes relev√Ęncia e sentido em diferentes contextos de uso

    G√©nero y cultura popular. Estudios Culturales 1, Isabel Cl√ļa (ed.)

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    Ressenya del llibre: G√©nero y cultura popular : estudios culturales I / Isabel Cl√ļa (ed.). Bellaterra : Edicions UAB, 200

    De estudiantes, artistas y feministas : reapropiaciones de la mujer moderna en la revista Artes y Letras de Nueva York

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    Entre los numerosos peri√≥dicos y revistas en espa√Īol publicados en Nueva York durante las primeras d√©cadas del siglo XX, la revista cultural Artes y Letras destac√≥ por reunir feminismo, hispanismo y ciudadan√≠a en un mismo proyecto que se erig√≠a en representante de la cultura hispana a la vez que defend√≠a la igualdad de derechos para las mujeres y otorgaba un significado positivo y estrat√©gico a la liberaci√≥n e identidad de la mujer moderna. En este art√≠culo estudio algunos de los ensayos biogr√°ficos de las mujeres hispanas rese√Īadas por esta publicaci√≥n con el objetivo de demostrar c√≥mo las fotograf√≠as que acompa√Īaban estas biograf√≠as problematizaban la galer√≠a de sujetos ejemplares y expresiones del progreso y de la modernidad de las mujeres de la "raza". Desde sus posiciones como estudiantes, artistas y profesionales, las poses de estas mujeres demuestran una intertextualidad con el imaginario asociado al glamur y el confort de la vida moderna norteamericana, pero adem√°s encarnan la influencia de las nuevas condiciones de visibilidad en el proceso de autorrepresentaci√≥n de la feminidad.Among the numerous newspapers and magazines written in Spanish and published in New York during the early decades of the twentieth century, the cultural journal Artes y Letras was of particular relevance.Artes y Letras was a project that integrated feminism, Hispanismand citizenship with the aim of representing Hispanic culture, defending equal rights for women, and providing a positive and strategic representation of the identity and emancipation of modern women. This article offers an analysis of some of the biographical essays about Hispanic women published in the journal and focuses in particular on the photographs attached to them, insofar as they problematize the criteria under which an individual is considered exemplary and the notions of progress and modernity involved when considering racialized women. From their position as students, artists and professionals, these women not only strike poses that reveal an intertextuality with the imaginary associated to the glamour and comfort of modern American life but they also embody the influence of the new conditions of visibility in the process of self-representation of femininity
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