19 research outputs found

    Psychological state in cancer patients

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    The psychological state and changes over time of cancer patients in the active treatment stage were classified into emotions by the speech and behavior of the patient described in the medical record article of the cancer psychological interview record, and the analysis of the “emotional state map” was attempted. In all cases, positive / negative emotions were mixed and appeared with variation, but a relatively large number of positive emotions, including , , and , were manifested, and the same was true in patients who experienced stressful treatment events. In the background, the existence of appropriate support from medical professionals and psychological characteristics peculiar to the stage of active treatment was inferred, such as the active treatment of the target patient, the hospitalization environment in which mental and physical pain promptly appealed to medical professionals, and the influence of psychological interviews. Cancer patients during active treatment perceived and expressed changes in the body and pain caused by the disease, and after responses from medical professionals and family members, they were conscious of their physical condition and emotions. It is suggested that this analysis method helps to objectively understand and explain the invisible and ever-changing psychological state of cancer patients in the active treatment stage

    キノウテキ ヒキノウテキ ジコ チュウモク ノ ジゾク ト フアン ヨクウツ ノ カンレン

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    The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among functional and dysfunctional self-focused attention, namely, self-reflection and rumination, and anxiety and depression. A survey was administered to 226 undergraduate students on self-rumination, self-reflection, self-focused attention, anxiety, and depression. The analysis showed that partial correlation between self-rumination and anxiety was significant while controlling for depression, same as self-focused attention and anxiety. Regression analysis revealed that self-focused attention predicted anxiety and depression. Results of this study showed that self-focused attention had a stronger association with anxiety. This study suggested that self-focused attention influences mental health regardless of motives, such as self-rumination and self-reflection. Future analysis needs to examine interventions in characteristics of self-focused attention

    先天性血友病患者の移行期の実態

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    【Introduction】Congenital hemophilia is a category of hemorrhagic disease caused by a genetic defect in the production of coagulation factors. It is treated by administering regular coagulation factor injections on an ongoing basis. Hemophilia is a hereditary illness, often causing social and psychological problems as a result of the disease. To analyze the objective effects of hemophilia, we conducted a retrospective analysis in Tokushima University Hospital. 【Result】All 23 cases were men between the ages of20and72. Hemophilia A was present in17cases, and hemophilia B was present in six. Nineteen out of 23 cases were severe, and the others were intermediate. Medical assessments were conducted at pediatrics in seven cases and hematology in 16 cases. Adoption of the self-injection technique was not realized in five cases. Seventeen cases were complicated by hemophilic arthropathy, seven with human immunodeficiency virus(HIV), and 12 with hepatitis C virus. Eight participants were unemployed, and17were unmarried. 【Discussion】 Many adult hemophilia patients still visit pediatrics in our hospital. Hemophilia in the period of growth between adolescence and young adulthood is often accompanied by life-altering events such as entering higher education, marriage, and work experience. Therefore, collaboration among professionals of multiple occupations, such as doctors, nurses, pharmacists, medical social workers, and clinical psychologists, is essential. Furthermore, there are many cases of HIV and hepatitis C virus infections complicating hemophilia study due to the stigma surrounding HIV-tainted blood. 【Conclusion】It is imperative that we establish a long-term, sustainable, and multi-disciplinary transitional care and medical support system for patients and their families

    Androgen’s effects in female

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    The metabolic effects of androgens and their underlying mechanisms in females have been revealed by recent studies. An excess of androgens can have adverse effects on feeding behavior and metabolic functions and induce metabolic disorders / diseases, such as obesity, insulin resistance, and diabetes, in women and experimental animals of reproductive age. Interestingly, these effects of androgens are not observed in ovariectomized animals, indicating that their effects might be dependent on the estrogen milieu. Central and peripheral mechanisms, such as alterations in the activity of hypothalamic factors, reductions in energy expenditure, skeletal muscle insulin resistance, and β-cell dysfunction, might be related to these androgens’ effects

    Weight-loss behaviors before pregnancy associate with increased risk of postpartum depression from the Japan Environment and Children’s Study

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    Abstract No studies showed the association between weight-loss behaviors before pregnancy and postpartum depression (PPD). We analyzed data from the nation-wide birth cohort study, the Japan Environment and Children’s Study. Self-administrated questionnaires answered by 62,446 women was analyzed using logistic regression analysis. PPD was assessed using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale at 1 month after delivery. Women using at least one weight-loss method had higher risk of PPD than women using no weight-loss methods [women without antenatal psychological distress according to Kessler 6-Item Psychological Distress score: adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 1.318, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.246–1.394; women with antenatal psychological distress: aOR 1.250, 95% CI 0.999–1.565]. Using extremely unhealthy weight-loss methods was associated with PPD compared with no use of each weight-loss method (vomiting after eating: aOR 1.743, 95% CI 1.465–2.065; smoking: aOR 1.432, 95% CI 1.287–1.591; taking diet pills: aOR 1.308, 95% CI 1.122–1.520). The association between weight-loss behaviors and PPD varied according to pre-pregnancy BMI. In normal-weight women, the weight-loss method score, which indicates the degree of weight-loss method use, was associated with PPD. These results indicate using weight-loss methods before pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of PPD in Japanese women

    Physical Activity and Perceived Physical Fitness during the COVID-19 Epidemic: A Population of 40- to 69-Year-Olds in Japan

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    The COVID-19 pandemic has caused an abrupt change in lifestyle for many people with restrictions, often leading to a decrease in physical activity (PA), and thus contributing to a negative perception of health status. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the COVID-19 epidemic on physical activity and perceived physical fitness in Japanese adults aged 40 to 69 years. Data were collected from an online survey conducted between October 19 and 28, 2020. The analytic sample consisted of 1989 Japanese adults (mean age, 50.1 ± 6.9 years; women, 38.9%) who were aged between 40 and 69 years and completed the online survey. Overall, the PA time per week decreased by 32.4% between October 2019 and April 2020. A decrease in PA time was recorded in October 2020; however, a decline of 15.5% was observed. Compared to individuals who did not perceive a decline in physical fitness, individuals who perceived declining physical fitness during the COVID-19 state of emergency demonstrated a greater decrease in PA time in April 2020 (–50.5%), and this trend continued into October 2020 (–25.0%). These findings may indicate that Japanese adults aged 40 to 69 years who perceived declining physical fitness experienced a greater decrease in physical activity
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