55 research outputs found

    Differential binding of hyaluronan on the surface of tissue-specific endothelial cell lines

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    Tissue-specific heterogeneity of endothelial cells, both structural and functional, plays a crucial role in physiologic as well as pathologic processes, including inflammation, autoimmune diseases and tumor metastasis. This heterogeneity primarily results from the differential expression of adhesion molecules that are involved in the interactions between endothelium and circulating immune cells or disseminating tumor cells. Among these molecules present on endothelial cells is hyaluronan (HA), a glycosaminoglycan that contributes to primary (rolling) interactions through binding to its main receptor CD44 expressed on leukocytes and tumor cells. While the regulation of CD44 expression and function on either leukocytes or tumor cells has been well characterized, much less is known about the ability of endothelial cells to express HA on their surface. Therefore, in these studies we analyzed HA levels on tissue-specific endothelium. We used endothelial cell lines of different origin, including lung, skin, gut and lymph nodes that had been established previously as model lines to study interactions between the endothelium and leukocytes/tumor cells. Our results indicate that HA is accumulated on the surface of all endothelial cells examined. Moreover, retention of endogenous HA differs between the lines and may depend on their tissue origin. Analysis of binding of exogenous HA reveals the presence of specific HA binding sites on all endothelial cell lines tested. However, the retention of endogenous HA and the binding of exogenous HA is mediated through a CD44-independent mechanism

    The role of microRNAs in animal physiology and pathology

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    MicroRNAs are a class of small, evolutionarily conserved, endogenous RNAs, capable of controlling gene expression. MicroRNAs are transcribed by RNA polymerases II and III, generating precursors that undergo a series of cleavage events to form mature microRNA. They play an important regulatory role in animals at the posttranscriptional levels by targeting mRNAs for direct cleavage of mRNAs or repression of mRNA translation. The main biological function of miRNA is the post-translation regulation of cells, like: proliferation and differentiation, cell death, fat metabolism, neuronal patterning and angiogenesis.  These molecules are the main regulators of biological features of economic interest, including body growth, muscle development, signaling transduction, fat deposition, and immunology. In this review, we summarize the existing knowledge about miRNAs synthesis, mechanisms for regulation of the genome their functions in animals physiology and the implications associated with dysfunction and dysregulation

    Archaeological excavations of multicultural site 1 at Michałowice, Commune Czarnocin, in seasons 2013-2014

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    The excavations of multicultural site 1 at Micha┼éowice have been carried out since 2008. So far, the excavations have encompassed approx. 40 ares and resulted in the discovery of 122 archaeological features. The area investigated in seasons 2013ÔÇô2014 totals 10 ares. The research revealed cremation burials associated with the Lusatian and Przeworsk cultures, as well as the first inhumation burial in the site, and more groove features linked with the Przeworsk culture

    Data set for transcriptome analysis of pituitary galnd in cattle breeds

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    Transcriptome data presented in this article is associated with the research article entitled ÔÇťSingle nucleotide polymorphism discovery in bovine pituitary gland using RNA-seq technologyÔÇŁ published in PLOS One [1]. Herein, we provide raw and analysed RNA-seq data of pituitary gland tissues from three cattle breeds,┬áviz.,┬áPolish-HF, Polish Red and Hereford cattle breeds. Bioinformatics pipelines of high-quality RNA-seq data includes the FastQC tools for quality controls, Trimmomatic cutadapt tools for trimming RNA-seq data, and BWA version 0.7.5-r404 for mapping and alignment to the Bos taurus reference genome, SAMtools for SNPs identifications in bovine pituitary gland transcriptome. Raw FASTq files for the RNA-seq libraries of bovine pituitary gland were deposited in the NCBI Sequence Read Archive (SRA) and have been assigned BioProject accession PRJNA312148

    Data set for transcriptome analysis of liver in cattle breeds

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    Transcriptome analysis using high-throughput next-generation sequencing (HT-NGS) technology provides the capability to understand global gene expression variations through a wide range of tissue samples in domesticated animals. We provide raw and analysed data for transcriptomic analysis of liver tissues from Polish-HF, Polish Red and Hereford cattle breeds, obtained by RNA-seq. High-quality sequencing data have been analysed using our bioinformatics pipeline which consists of FastQC for quality controls, Trimmomatic for trimming, and BWA version 0.7.5-r404 for alignment to the Bos taurus reference genome, SAMtools for SNPs identifications, and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) identification using DEseq and edgeR pipelines after adjustment for false-discovery rate (FDR) with adjusted two-sided p values <0.01 and the trimmed mean of M values (TMM) normalisation method. The data accompanying the published manuscript describing the SNPs and DEGs identification in the bovine liver transcriptome of cattle breeds. Raw FASTq files for the RNA-seq libraries are deposited in the NCBI Sequence Read Archive (SRA) and have been assigned BioProject accession PRJNA312148. Raw and processed RNA-seq data were deposited and made publicly available on the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO; GSE114233)

    Treatment of multiple myeloma patients with autologous stem cell transplantation — a fresh analysis

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    Patients with multiple myeloma (MM) treated with conventional chemotherapy have an average survival of approximately three years. High dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT), first introduced in the mid-1980s, is now considered the standard therapy for almost all patients with multiple myeloma, because it prolongs overall survival and disease free survival. Between November 1997 and October 2006, 122 patients with MM (58 females, 64 males, median age 51.0 years [± 7.98] range: 30–66 years) were transplanted in the Department of Hematooncology and Bone Marrow Transplantation at the Medical University of Lublin: 47 patients were in complete remission or in unconfirmed complete remission, 66 patients were in partial remission, and nine had stable disease. Of these, there were 95 patients with IgG myeloma, 16 with IgA myeloma, one with IgG/IgA, one with IgM myeloma, five with non secretory type, two with solitary tumor and two with LCD myeloma. According to Durie-Salmon, 62 patients had stage III of the disease, 46 had stage II and four had stage I. Most patients (69/122) were transplanted after two or more cycles of chemotherapy, 48 patients were transplanted after one cycle of chemotherapy, one patient after surgery and rtg- -therapy and four patients had not been treated. In mobilisation procedure, the patients received a single infusion of cyclophosphamide (4–6 g/m2) or etoposide 1.6 g/m2 followed by daily administration of G-CSF until the peripheral stem cells harvest. The number of median harvest sessions was 2.0 (± 0.89) (range: 1–5). An average of 7.09 (± 33.28) ├Ś 106 CD34+ cells/kg were collected from each patient (range: 1.8–111.0 ├Ś 106/kg). Conditioning regimen consisted of high dose melphalan 60–210 mg/m2 without TBI. An average of 3.04 (± 11.59) ├Ś 106 CD34+ cells/kg were transplanted to each patient. Fatal complications occured in four patients (treatment- -related mortality = 3.2%). In all patients there was regeneration of hematopoiesis. The median number of days for recovery to ANC > 0.5 ├Ś 109/l was 13 (± 4.69) (range: 10–38) and platelets recovery to > 50 ├Ś 109/l was 25 days (± 11.65) (range: 12–45). Median time of hospitalization was 22 days (± 7.14) (range: 14–50). Patients were evaluated on day 100 after transplantation: 74.9% achieved CR and nCR, 14.3% were in PR, 5.4% had SD and 5.4% had progressed. Median of OS was 45 months (± 30.67). OS at 3-years was 84% and at 7-years 59%. Median PFS was 25 months (± 26.13). PFS at 3-years was 68%, and at 7-years was 43%. At present (November 2009) 52 patients (42%) are still alive. High-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous stem cell transplantation is a valuable, well tolerated method of treatment for patients with MM that allows the achievement of long- -lasting survival. (Folia Histochemica et Cytobiologica 2011; Vol. 49, No. 2, pp. 248–254

    Enteral nutrition in cancer patients

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    Artyku┼é przedstawia kolejn─ů cz─Ö┼Ť─ç zalece┼ä dotycz─ůcych ┼╝ywienia do- i pozajelitowego w onkologii. Przedstawione zosta┼éy wskazania do leczenia, metody interwencji i monitorowania oraz rodzaje diet. Jako metoda z wyboru, ┼╝ywienie dojelitowe powinno zawsze by─ç rozwa┼╝ane w pierwszym etapie podejmowania decyzji o leczeniu ┼╝ywieniowym. Korzystny wp┼éyw tej interwencji zosta┼é udowodniony w wielu pracach naukowych.The manuscript presents the second part of recommendations on enteral and parenteral nutrition in oncology. It describes indications, methods of intervention, types of diets and techniques for monitoring. The enteral nutrition (EN) is a method of choice for nutritional support, hence it should be always considered as the first step, whenever the latter is necessary. The beneficial effect of EN was demonstrated in many clinical studies

    Polish Recommendations on Enteral and Parenteral Nutrition in Oncology ÔÇö part two: enteral nutrition

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    Artyku┼é przedstawia kolejn─ů cz─Ö┼Ť─ç zalece┼ä dotycz─ůcych ┼╝ywienia do- i pozajelitowego w onkologii. Przedstawione zosta┼éy wskazania do leczenia, metody interwencji oraz monitorowania oraz rodzaje diet. Jako metoda z wyboru ┼╝ywienie dojelitowe powinno zawsze by─ç rozwa┼╝ane na pierwszym etapie podejmowania decyzji o leczeniu ┼╝ywieniowym. Korzystny wp┼éyw tej interwencji zosta┼é udowodniony w wielu pracach naukowych.The manuscript presents the next part of recommendations on enteral and parenteral nutrition in oncology. It describes indications, methods of intervention, types of diets and techniques for monitoring. The enteral nutrition (EN) is a method of choice for nutritional support, hence it should be always considered as the first step, whenever the latter is necessary. The beneficial effect of EN was demonstrated in many clinical studies

    RNA-seq based SNP discovery in gluteus medius muscle of Polish Landrace pigs

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    BackgroundSingle nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are the well-known molecular markers in genetics and breeding studies applied to veterinary sciences and livestock production. Advancement of next generation sequencing (NGS) provides a high-throughput means of potential putative SNP discovery. The aim of the study was to identify the putative genetic variants in gluteus medius muscle transcriptome of Polish Landrace pigs.MethodsRNA-seq based NGS experiment was performed on Polish Landrace pigs fed with omega-6 and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and normal diets. Isolation of total RNA from gluteus medius muscle was performed on low PUFAs (n=6) and High PUFAs dietary group of Polish Landrace pigs. The RNA-seq libraries were constructed by mRNA enrichment, mRNA fragmentation, second strand cDNA synthesis, adaptor ligation, size selection and PCR amplification using the illumina TruSeq RNA Sample Prep Kit v2 (Illumina, San Diego CA, USA), followed by NGS sequencing on MiSeq illumina platform. The quality control of raw RNA-seq data was performed using the Trimmomatic and FastQC tools. High QC paired-end RNA-seq data of gluteus medius muscle transcriptome were mapped to the reference genome Sus scrofa v.10.2. Finally, the SNPs discovery was performed using GATK and SAMtools bioinformatics SNPs caller tools.ResultsThe Fastq RNA-seq data generated from two pooled paired-end libraries (151bp) of gluteus medius muscle tissue of Polish Landrace pigs were submitted to NCBI SRA database (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sra). Study identified a total of 50.5 million paired-end reads (32.5 million low PUFAs dietary group and 18 million reads high PUFAs dietary group) of gluteus medius muscle transcriptome of Polish Landrace pigs. SNP discovery identified a total of 35436 homozygous and 28644 heterozygous cSNPs in gluteus medius muscle transcriptomes representing both dietary groups of Polish Landrace pig. Moreover, a total of 25187 and 5488 cSNP were identified as synonymous SNPs, and 18005 and 4780 cSNP were identified as nonsynonymous SNPs. Finally, single nucleotide variation (SNV) representing substitutions of all four possibilities (A,T,G,C) were identified ranging 2935 to 3227 SNVs (high PUFAs) and 3528 to 3882 SNVs (low PUFAs) for the heterozygous cSNPs and 2712 to 4058 (high PUFAs) and 4169 to 5692 SNVs (low PUFAs) for the heterozygous SNPs in gluteus medius muscle transcriptomes of Polish Landrace pigs.ConclusionsStudy concluded that identification of cSNPs dataset representing the gluteus medius muscle transcriptome of Polish Landrace pigs fed with a control diet (low) and pigs fed with a PUFAs diet (high) may be helpful to develop a new set of genetic markers specific to Polish Landrace pig breed. Such cSNP markers eventually can be utilized in genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and to finally implement on marker assisted selection (MAS) and genomics selection (GS) program in active breeding population of Polish Landrace pigs in Poland
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