5 research outputs found

    Strategy for Parallel Platforms

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    A Young Adult Patient with Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis Developed Severe Gastroesophageal Varices Associated with Severe Obesity and Diabetes Mellitus

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    Obesity is a major contributor to insulin resistance and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, which is the most common cause of chronic liver diseases. Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) can progress to liver cirrhosis and end-stage liver diseases. Some cases already show severe liver fibrosis at the time of diagnosis. We present the case of a 44-year-old male with overt obesity who was admitted with hematemesis due to the rupture of gastric varices. We diagnosed him with NASH with severe liver fibrosis. This case shows that we should be concerned about the progression of liver fibrosis due to NASH associated with severe obesity even in young patients

    Strategy for Parallel Platforms

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    Daunorubicin can eliminate iPS-derived cancer stem cells via ICAD/CAD-independent DNA fragmentation

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    Aim: To identify a drug that can effectively eliminate these cancer stem cells (CSCs) and determine its mode of action.Methods: CSCs were obtained from mouse induced pluripotent stem cells (miPSCs) using cancer cell-conditioned media. Drug screening was performed on these cells or after transplantation into mice. Apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry and western blotting.Results: Drug screening studies showed that daunorubicin, a topoisomerase II inhibitor, is specifically cytotoxic to miPS-CSCs. Daunorubicin-induced apoptosis was found to be associated with p53 accumulation, activation of the caspase cascade, and oligonucleosomal DNA fragmentation. Treatment with the caspase inhibitor abolished daunorubicin-induced DNA fragmentation and was therefore considered to act downstream of caspase activation. This was also suppressed by treatment with a Ca2+-specific chelator, which suggested that CAD endonuclease does not contribute. Moreover, no obvious ICAD reduction/degradation was detected.Conclusion: Daunorubicin effectively eliminated CSCs, which are dependent on the p53/caspase signaling cascade. The current findings provided the basis for further studies on CSC-targeted drugs for the development of cancer treatment strategies
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