188 research outputs found

    Absolute Time and Space... Existence beyond Bigbang

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    The new understanding of basic dimensions Absolute Time and Space will open the possibility of exploring beyond our current known Universe. These absolute dimensions might supersede our current Spacetime dimension and related theories. Interpretations based on these dimensions could effectively bridge the gap between theories of microscopic and telescopic worlds and it will eventually give us a better picture of our Universe. This book will take us one step closer towards the understanding of our Entire Existence. As we can see below mentioned are some of the current research related topics in the field of Metaphysics and Cosmology. This book will address all these questions and related subsequent questions of this subject. 1. How our universe came into existence? 2. What was the time before the start of the universe? 3. Is there anything outside of this universe? 4. Is time travel possible? 5. Is there any multiverse or parallel universe

    Development and storage stability of a dried tomato product produced by osmotic concentration and dehydration

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    An acceptable dried tomato product (18% moisture) was developed by osmotic concentration and dehydration. In the first experiment, ripe Roma tomatoes were prepared and processed In 0.6% acidified 40 or 50 ° Brlx sucrose solutions held at 30, 40 or 50°C for 2, 3 or 4 hr. Measurements Included moisture loss (ML), net weight loss (NWL) and solids weight gain (SWG), Hunter color (L and hue-angle), lycopene, pH, titratable acidity, soluble solids, water activity and sensory acceptability. The experimental variables affected the measurements variously. Osmotic concentration followed by dehydration produced an acceptable product with potential uses such as an Ingredient in bakery Items or as snacks. In a second experiment, storage stability of two selected treatments was determined with respect to moisture content, color stability, lycopene concentration, firmness, microbiological presence and sensory acceptability. Ripe Roma tomatoes were prepared and processed In 40 or 50 °Brlx, both at 40°C and 3 hr. Samples were packaged under air, partial vacuum or nitrogen gas flush and stored for up to 5 mo. The experimental variables and their Interactions affected the measurements variously, also. The process treatments produced two dried tomato products which were acceptable and shelf stable when stored for at least 5 mo

    Framework For Selangor State Government Towards Electronic Government

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    The purpose of this study is to develop a framework for the Selangor State Government towards achieving electronic government (EG). This is due to the fact that the Multimedia Super Corridor (MSC) is strategically located in the Selangor, and it is crucial for the state government to fully support the aspirations of the Federal Government in ensuring the success of EG in the public sector. Therefore, a framework for the Selangor State Government to achieve electronic government will be a reference for all the relevant departments in the state. The time is now ripe for the Selangor State Government to internalize the EG concept and to take proactive actions towards implementing EG in the state machinery. The scope of this study is confined to government departments that are located at Bangunan Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah (SSAAS), Shah Alam and District Offices. The local authorities, such as municipal and district councils, would not be covered in this study. The methods undertaken by this study are preliminary investigation, analysis, and design and developing the framework. In order to collect data (primary and secondary) for this paper, the following methods were used: document review, research, observations, and discussions with the officers of the Selangor State Computer Centre. From the analysis conducted, this paper was able to propose a framework for the Selangor State Government that covers: application systems, portal, lnformation and Communication Technology department, Chief lnformation Officer, network, users, and security. As a result, this framework provides a guide for the effective management of information technology by the Selangor State Government. The primary role of information technology is to support the business objectives of the Selangor State Government and facilitate government departments efforts to provide efficient and effective services to the people of Selangor and those who need its services. Selangor, as the leading state in Malaysia, should therefore play a significant role towards successfully implementing the EG concept. Since technology will continue to advance rapidly, the Selangor State Government must face the challenges of electronic government to thrive in the 21st century

    Performance Evaluation of Weighted Greedy Algorithm in Resource Management

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    Set covering is a well-studied classical problem with many applications across different fields. More recent work on this problem has taken into account the parallel computing architecture, the datasets at scale, the properties of the datasets, etc. Within the context of web crawling where the data follow the lognormal distribution, a weighted greedy algorithm has been proposed in the literature and demonstrated to outperform the traditional one. In the present work, we evaluate the performance of the weighted greedy algorithm using an open-source dataset in the context of resource management. The data are sampled from a given roadmap with 1.9 millions of nodes. Our research includes three different cost definitions i.e. location cost, driving cost and infrastructure cost. We also consider the different coverage radius to model possible parameters in the application. Our experiment results show that weighted greedy algorithm outperforms the greedy algorithm by 8% in average for all three different cost definitions

    Chemical composition and physical damage of soybeans [Glycine max (L.) Merill] as affected by cultivar, harvest date, and field weathering

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    Changes in the composition of soybeans left in the field after maturity were made to provide information that would permit management decisions by the growers with respect to timely harvesting for optimum price and end-use value. Specifically, the investigation was conducted to identify the effects of field exposure of soybeans after maturity on the chemical composition and physical damage, especially as related to atmospheric changes. The soybean cultivars \u27TN4-86\u27 (maturity group IV), \u27Essex\u27 (maturity group V) and \u27Leflore\u27 (maturity group VI) were investigated across sixteen weeks of harvest following physiological maturity. When the beans were left unharvested in the field after harvest maturity, the effects of field weathering resulted in increased bean moisture. Repeated exposure of the mature beans to alternate wetting and drying after full natural desiccation caused the seed coat to develop cracks, wrinkles and splits. The damaged seed coat enhanced moisture entry into the beans as a result of elevated and uniform relative humidity, rainfall and above-freezing temperatures. The most striking effect of field weathering was evidenced by the apparent increase in percentage values of protein and oil due to reduction in soluble carbohydrates accompanied by a reduction in dry matter. However, the protein, oil and ash did not change. The percentage increased because, as dry matter reduced with field exposure, more beans were required to provide the same sample weight as compared to the undamaged sample before weathering. Another significant effect was the increase of the free fatty acid component of the total oil which lowered the end-use value. The comparison of cultivars showed that TN4-86 and Essex possessed higher percentage of protein, oil, free fatty acids and total damaged beans than Leflore. Free fatty acid content of TN4-86 and Essex increased substantially more than that of Leflore due to extended field exposure under high bean moisture conditions

    A microprocessor-based system for protecting busbars

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    Advancements in digital technology have led to the development of microprocessor-based relays. However, most of these relays use algorithms similar in principle to their electromechanical counterparts. Also, busbar protection using microprocessor-based relays has not received adequate attention unlike other power system components. Few algorithms proposed for protecting busbars lack inherent immunity to current transformer (ct) saturation. They achieve stability by using additional measures, such as, using special circuitry, multiple algorithms and changing the restraint factor, which are not likely to be effective during severe ct saturation. The impact of ct ratio-mismatch is countered by using percentage-bias characteristics that reduces the sensitivity of the relay. This thesis presents a new technique for protecting busbars. The technique uses positive-sequence and negative-sequence models of the power system in a fault-detection algorithm. While phase voltages and currents are used to detect faults, parameters of the power system are not used. Only the arguments of the positive-sequence and negative-sequence impedances computed by the relay are used to make trip decisions. The performance of the technique was investigated for a variety of operating conditions and for several busbar configurations. Data generated by empty simulations of model power systems were used in the investigations. The results verify that the proposed technique is able to distinguish faults in a busbar protection zone from those outside the zone correctly. Additionally, its stability during ct saturation, immunity to ct ratio-mismatch and applicability, without any modifications, to busbars of different configurations have been established. An analysis of the performance of the proposed technique during ct saturation and ratio-mismatch conditions is presented. The effect of various parameters, such as, presence of d.c. offset in the currents, mild and severe saturation of the cts, different sampling frequencies and the impact of the size of data-windows on the estimates of the current phasors have been included. The analysis indicates that the technique is stable during ct saturation and inherently immune to ct ratio-mismatch. The proposed technique was implemented using a general purpose relay hardware. The hardware and software constituents of the prototype, the procedure for testing these relays by using a playback simulator and selected test results are presented in this thesis

    Performance Enhancement of Channel Estimation Technique in Broadcast and Multicast Mode

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    In this paper we presented the enhanced method of channel estimation to deliver data over internet. The enhanced channel estimation method has to improve the wireless standard under orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM). The OFDM technique was allow the clients to be transmitted data simultaneously. The proposed enhanced method requires a slight change on full duplex method but still provides the end to end connectivity towards different nodes. Furthermore, the proposed method felt the knowledge of multicast groups and we do not concentrate on broadcasting concept. The multicast group selection and node electionwill be extendingour work. This method also retain the regressive compatibility and to attaining the better transmission. In addition, enhanced method to be monitored the packet flow, drop packet detail and number of transmitted/received packets. The paper does study the profound analysis of standard parameters that helps to explore this research with predefined parameters like throughput and delay

    Semiotic Travels: An Interview with Harjeet Singh Gill

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    Gill's use of Abelard to critique dominant trends in European semiotics finds its parallels in his extensive work on Buddhist philosophers Dignāga and Dharmakīrti, who posed an alternative notion of the sign to that developed by the more celebrated earlier grammarians from the Sanskrit tradition, Pāṇini and Bhrtihari. He places these heterodox Indian and French traditions of semiotics in creative dialogue to cultivate a semiotic theory that is at once universal in its applicability while also allowing for multiple, non-dominant forms of thought and creativity to emerge. Consequently, his ideas provide a new way for semiotics that would be particularly relevant for scholars working in postcolonial Asia. This interview is an abridged and edited excerpt taken from an interview conducted with Gill by Nishaant Choksi and Arka Chattopadhyay at a virtual seminar held at IIT-Gandhinagar on 31 March 2021. The entire recorded interview can be found at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jb6fG3_hvqg. A special thanks to Shruti Nair for her assistance in transcription
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