12 research outputs found

    Sequence alignment of the <i>phs</i> gene and the protein.

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    <p>A nonsense mutation at position 208 of the <i>phsA</i> gene results in the replacement of a sense codon (CAG) with a termination codon (UAG) leading to the premature termination of <i>phsA</i>. The first sequence, <i>phsA</i>, is based on <i>S</i>. enterica serotype Typhimurium strain LT2 (GenBank AE006468). *, termination codon; +, H<sub>2</sub>S-producing isolate; Ôłĺ, non-H<sub>2</sub>S-producing isolate.</p

    Dendrogram displaying the PFGE profiles of the 43 isolates.

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    <p>The strain number, origin, source, sequence type (ST), and H<sub>2</sub>S phenotype are shown for each strain. +, H<sub>2</sub>S-producing isolate; Ôłĺ, non-H<sub>2</sub>S-producing isolate.</p

    Mutations detected in the <i>gyrA</i> and <i>parC</i> gene of H<sub>2</sub>S-negative <i>S</i>. Choleraesuis isolates.

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    <p>Ser, serine. Gly, glycine. Ala, alanine. Tyr, tyrosine. Cys, cysteine. Arg, arginine. Pro, proline.</p><p>Mutations detected in the <i>gyrA</i> and <i>parC</i> gene of H<sub>2</sub>S-negative <i>S</i>. Choleraesuis isolates.</p

    Antimicrobial Resistance and Molecular Investigation of H<sub>2</sub>S-Negative <i>Salmonella enterica</i> subsp. <i>enterica</i> serovar Choleraesuis Isolates in China

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    <div><p><i>Salmonella enterica</i> subsp. <i>enterica</i> serovar Choleraesuis is a highly invasive pathogen of swine that frequently causes serious outbreaks, in particular in Asia, and can also cause severe invasive disease in humans. In this study, 21 <i>S</i>. Choleraesuis isolates, detected from 21 patients with diarrhea in China between 2010 and 2011, were found to include 19 H<sub>2</sub>S-negative <i>S</i>. Choleraesuis isolates and two H<sub>2</sub>S-positive isolates. This is the first report of H<sub>2</sub>S-negative <i>S</i>. Choleraesuis isolated from humans. The majority of H<sub>2</sub>S-negative isolates exhibited high resistance to ampicillin, chloramphenicol, gentamicin, tetracycline, ticarcillin, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, but only six isolates were resistant to norfloxacin. In contrast, all of the isolates were sensitive to cephalosporins. Fifteen isolates were found to be multidrug resistant. In norfloxacin-resistant isolates, we detected mutations in the <i>gyrA</i> and <i>parC</i> genes and identified two new mutations in the <i>parC</i> gene. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), multilocus sequence typing (MLST), and clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR) analysis were employed to investigate the genetic relatedness of H<sub>2</sub>S-negative and H<sub>2</sub>S-positive <i>S</i>. Choleraesuis isolates. PFGE revealed two groups, with all 19 H<sub>2</sub>S-negative <i>S</i>. Choleraesuis isolates belonging to Group I and H<sub>2</sub>S-positive isolates belonging to Group II. By MLST analysis, the H<sub>2</sub>S-negative isolates were all found to belong to ST68 and H<sub>2</sub>S-positive isolates belong to ST145. By CRISPR analysis, no significant differences in CRISPR 1 were detected; however, one H<sub>2</sub>S-negative isolate was found to contain three new spacers in CRISPR 2. All 19 H<sub>2</sub>S-negative isolates also possessed a frame-shift mutation at position 760 of <i>phsA</i> gene compared with H<sub>2</sub>S-positive isolates, which may be responsible for the H<sub>2</sub>S-negative phenotype. Moreover, the 19 H<sub>2</sub>S-negative isolates have similar PFGE patterns and same mutation site in the <i>phs</i>A gene, these results indicated that these H<sub>2</sub>S-negative isolates may have been prevalent in China. These findings suggested that surveillance should be increased of H<sub>2</sub>S-negative <i>S</i>. Choleraesuis in China.</p></div