1,224 research outputs found

    A compact spectroradiometer for solar simulator measurements

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    Compact spectral irradiance probe has been designed and built which uses wedge filter in conjunction with silicon cell and operational amplifier. Probe is used to monitor spectral energy distribution of solar simulators and other high intensity sources

    The Quantasyn, an improved quantum detector

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    Quantasyn provides absolute measurement of radiation flux in the range 1000 A to 4500 A and into the vacuum ultraviolet. This radiation detector cimbines the high quantum efficiency and inherent linearity of the silicon solar cell with the constant quantum response of the fluorescent organic compound liumogen

    Opposing shear senses in a subdetachment mylonite zone: Implications for core complex mechanics

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    [1] Global studies of metamorphic core complexes and low‐angle detachment faults have highlighted a fundamental problem: Since detachments excise crustal section, the relationship between the mylonitic rocks in their footwalls and the brittle deformation in their hanging walls is commonly unclear. Mylonites could either reflect ductile deformation related to exhumation along the detachment fault, or they could be a more general feature of the extending middle crust that has been “captured ” by the detachment. In the first case we would expect the kinematics of the mylonite zone to mirror the sense of movement on the detachment; in the second case both the direction and sense of shear in the mylonites could be different. The northern Snake Range décollement (NSRD) is a classic Basin and Range detachment fault with a well‐documented top‐east of displacement. We present structural, paleo-magnetic, geochronological, and geothermometric evidence to suggest that the mylonite zone below the NSRD locally experienced phases of both east ‐ and west‐directed shear, inconsistent with movement along a single detachment fault. We therefore propose that the footwall mylonites represent a predetachment dis-continuity in the middle crust that separated localized deformation above from distributed crustal flow below (localized‐distributed transition (LDT)). The mylonites were subsequently captured by a moderately dipping brittle detachment that soled down to the middle crust and exhumed them around a rolling hinge into a subhorizontal orientation at the surface, produc-ing the present‐day NSRD. In this interpretation the brittle hanging wall represents a series of rotated upper crustal normal faults, whereas the mylonitic footwall represents one or more exhumed middl

    Compact spectroradiometer

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    Development and characteristics of spectroradiometer with wedge filters to eliminate adverse effect of pinholes in filter

    Chandra view of Kes 79: a nearly isothermal SNR with rich spatial structure

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    A 30 ks \chandra ACIS-I observation of Kes 79 reveals rich spatial structures, including many filaments, three partial shells, a loop and a ``protrusion''. Most of them have corresponding radio features. Regardless of the different results from two non-equilibrium ionization (NEI) codes, temperatures of different parts of the remnant are all around 0.7 keV, which is surprisingly constant for a remnant with such rich structure. If thermal conduction is responsible for smoothing the temperature gradient, a lower limit on the thermal conductivity of \sim 1/10 of the Spitzer value can be derived. Thus, thermal conduction may play an important role in the evolution of at least some SNRs. No spectral signature of the ejecta is found, which suggests the ejecta material has been well mixed with the ambient medium. From the morphology and the spectral properties, we suggest the bright inner shell is a wind-driven shell (WDS) overtaken by the blast wave (the outer shell) and estimate the age of the remnant to be \sim 6 kyr for the assumed dynamics. Projection is also required to explain the complicated morphology of Kes 79.Comment: 12 pages, 6 figures (3 in color), ApJ, in press, April 20, 200

    Portaria n. 18 de 18 de fevereiro de 2008

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    Designa o titular da Coordenadoria da Corte Especial como gestor do Termo de Credenciamento STJ n. 1/07 (Processo STJ n. 8330/2007), firmado com Joaquim Ozório Pires da Silva, que tem por objeto a prestação de serviços de tradução juramentada do idioma Espanhol para o Português e vice-versa

    Timing, glitches and braking index of PSR B0540-69

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    We report a pulse-time history of PSR B0540-69 based on the analysis of an extended Data set including ASCA, BeppoSAX and RXTE observations spanning a time interval of about 8 years. This interval includes also the epoch of the glitch episode reported by Zhang et al. (2001). Our analysis shows the presence of a relevant timing noise and does not give a clear evidence of the glitch occurrence. We performed an accurate evaluation of the main timing parameters, ν\nu, ν˙\dot{\nu} and ν¨\ddot{\nu} and derived a mean braking index of n=2.125±0.001n=2.125\pm0.001 quite different from the lower value found by Zhang et al. (2001), but in rather good agreement with other several values reported in the literature.Comment: 9 pages 5 figures, accepted by A&A, main journa

    Functional assessment of the fontan operation: Combined M-mode, two-dimensional and doppler echocardiographic studies

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    Combined M-mode, two-dimensional and Doppler echocardiographie studies were used to assess the postoperative status of 33 patients who had undergone the modified Fontan procedure. Twenty-four patients had surgical repair with use of a simple direct right atrium to pulmonary artery anastomosis. The remaining patients had repair with use of a prosthesis or associated Glenn shunt. Twenty-seven patients were studied early in the postoperative period (2 months or less) and the remaining patients were studied up to 6 years postoperatively. A total of 36 examinations were performed. Of the 33 patients, 13 had tricuspid atresia, 12 had double inlet left ventricle with hypoplastic right ventricular outlet chamber and 8 had complex lesions with atrioventricular canal, double outlet right ventricle or a hypoplastic ventricle.Postoperative assessment by M-mode and two-dimensional echocardiography demonstrated normal or mildly reduced ventricular function (ejection fraction > 40%) in 22 patients. In 24 patients, a “normal” (low pattern was observed in the pulmonary artery by pulsed Doppler echocardiography, with predominant diastolic flow and accentuation by atrial systole somewhat similar to the venous flow pattern observed in the superior vena cava. “Abnormal” flow patterns (disorganized systolic flow, absence of atrial waves and little or no increase with inspiration) were observed in nine patients with reduced ventricular function or residual shunt. Continuous wave Doppler study also demonstrated mild dynamic subaortic obstruction in two patients. Combined pulsed and continuous wave studies showed atrioventricular valve insufficiency in 10 patients. Follow-up studies revealed a satisfactory clinical course in most patients. Three patients died approximately 4 to 8 months after their Fontan operation

    X-Ray Light Curves of Gamma-ray Bursts Detected with the All-Sky Monitor on RXTE

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    We present X-ray light curves (1.5-12 keV) for fifteen gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) detected by the All-Sky Monitor on the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer. We compare these soft X-ray light curves with count rate histories obtained by the high-energy (>12 keV) experiments BATSE, Konus-Wind, the BeppoSAX Gamma-Ray Burst Monitor, and the burst monitor on Ulysses. We discuss these light curves within the context of a simple relativistic fireball and synchrotron shock paradigm, and we address the possibility of having observed the transition between a GRB and its afterglow. The light curves show diverse morphologies, with striking differences between energy bands. In several bursts, intervals of significant emission are evident in the ASM energy range with little or no corresponding emission apparent in the high-energy light curves. For example, the final peak of GRB 970815 as recorded by the ASM is only detected in the softest BATSE energy bands. We also study the duration of bursts as a function of energy. Simple, singly-peaked bursts seem consistent with the E^{-0.5} power law expected from an origin in synchrotron radiation, but durations of bursts that exhibit complex temporal structure are not consistent with this prediction. Bursts such as GRB 970828 that show many short spikes of emission at high energies last significantly longer at low energies than the synchrotron cooling law would predict.Comment: 15 pages with 20 figures and 2 tables. In emulateapj format. Accepted by ApJ
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