860 research outputs found

    Theory of Phonon-Assisted Multimagnon Optical Absorption and Bimagnon States in Quantum Antiferromagnets

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    We calculate the effective charge for multimagnon infrared (IR) absorption assisted by phonons in a perovskite like antiferromagnet and we compute the spectra for two magnon absorption using interacting spin-wave theory. The full set of equations for the interacting two magnon problem is presented in the random phase approximation for arbitrary total momentum of the magnon pair. The spin wave theory results fit very well the primary peak of recent measured bands in the parent insulating compounds of cuprate superconductors. The line shape is explained as being due to the absorption of one phonon plus a new quasiparticle excitation of the Heisenberg Hamiltonian that consists off a long lived virtual bound state of two magnons (bimagnon). The bimagnon states have well defined energy and momentum in a substantial portion of the Brillouin zone. The higher energy bands are explained as one phonon plus higher multimagnon absorption processes. Other possible experiments for observing bimagnons are proposed. In addition we predict the line shape for the spin one system La2_2NiO4_4.Comment: Modified version of the paper to be published in PR

    Doping dependent quasiparticle band structure in cuprate superconductors

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    We present an exact diagonalization study of the single particle spectral function in the so-called t-t'-t''-J model in 2D. As a key result, we find that unlike the `pure' t-J model, hole doping leads to a major reconstruction of the quasiparticle band structure near (pi,0): whereas for the undoped system the quasiparticle states near (pi,0) are deep below the top of the band at (pi/2,pi/2), hole doping shifts these states up to E_F, resulting in extended flat band regions close to E_F and around (pi,0). This strong doping-induced deformation can be directly compared to angle resolved photoemission results on Sr_2 Cu Cl_2 O_2, underdoped Bi2212 and optimally doped Bi2212. We propose the interplay of long range hopping and decreasing spin correlations as the mechanism of this deformation.Comment: 4 pages, Revtex, with 4 embedded eps figures. Hardcopies of figures (or the entire manuscript) can be obtained by e-mail request to [email protected]

    Charged excitons in doped extended Hubbard model systems

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    We show that the charge transfer excitons in a Hubbard model system including nearest neighbor Coulomb interactions effectively attain some charge in doped systems and become visible in photoelectron and inverse photoelectron spectroscopies. This shows that the description of a doped system by an extended Hubbard model differs substantially from that of a simple Hubbard model. Longer range Coulomb interactions cause satellites in the one electron removal and addition spectra and the appearance of spectral weight if the gap of doped systems at energies corresponding to the excitons of the undoped systems. The spectral weight of the satellites is proportional to the doping times the coordination number and therefore is strongly dependent on the dimension.Comment: 10 pages revtex, 5 figures ps figures adde

    Interplay between orbital ordering and lattice distortions in LaMnO3, YVO3, and YTiO3

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    We have studied the interplay between orbital ordering, Jahn-Teller and GdFeO3-type lattice distortions in perovskite-type transition-metal oxides using model Hartree-Fock calculations. It has been found that the covalency between A-site cations and oxygens causes interaction between the Jahn-Teller and GdFeO3-type distortions. The present calculations explain why the d-type Jahn-Teller distortion and orbital ordering compatible with it are realized in LaMnO3, YVO3 and YTiO3Comment: 5 pages, 8 figure

    Does EELS haunt your photoemission measurements?

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    It has been argued in a recent paper by R. Joynt (R. Joynt, Science 284, p 777 (1999)) that in the case of poorly conducting solids the photoemission spectrum close to the Fermi Energy may be strongly influenced by extrinsic loss processes similar to those occurring in High Resolution Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy (HR-EELS), thereby obscuring information concerning the density of states or one electron Green's function sought for. In this paper we present a number of arguments, both theoretical and experimental, that demonstrate that energy loss processes occurring once the electron is outside the solid, contribute only weakly to the spectrum and can in most cases be either neglected or treated as a weak structureless background.Comment: 6 pages, figures included. Submitted to PR

    Magnetism and superconductivity at LAO/STO-interfaces: the role of Ti 3d interface electrons

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    Ferromagnetism and superconductivity are in most cases adverse. However, recent experiments reveal that they coexist at interfaces of LaAlO3 and SrTiO3. We analyze the magnetic state within density functional theory and provide evidence that magnetism is not an intrinsic property of the two-dimensional electron liquid at the interface. We demonstrate that the robust ferromagnetic state is induced by the oxygen vacancies in SrTiO3- or in the LaAlO3-layer. This allows for the notion that areas with increased density of oxygen vacancies produce ferromagnetic puddles and account for the previous observation of a superparamagnetic behavior in the superconducting state.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figures, to appear in Physical Review B (Rapid Communications
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