1,132 research outputs found

    Development of Mind Mapping-Based E-Book in Steam for Skills Skills of Grade VI Elementary School Students

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    This research aims to develop a Mind Mapping-Based E-Book in steam learning science lesson materials by considering the characteristics, feasibility, and effectiveness of its use in elementary school classes. Tests are conducted to material experts, media experts, and students. The model used as the basis for the development of Mind Mapping-Based E-Book is ADDIE with its steps Analyze, Design, Develop, implement and evaluate. Data analysis techniques are observations and questionnaires. Based on the test results, the material expert validation results showed the material is classified as a very good category with a score of 82.62%. Media quality by linguists is classified as very good with a 90% score category. Media quality by media experts is classified as very good with a score of 85% teacher response test results fall into the category of excellent with a score of 87%. Based on the percentage of score scored it appears that Mind Mapping-based E-Books are well-category and worth using

    Deceptive AI and Society

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    Deceptive artificial intelligence (AI) is a heavily loaded term. Its semantic load has become exponentially heavier in a very short period of time. Perhaps, most of this semantic load, at least in the recent public sphere, has been placed on it because of the deployment of large language models (LLMs), such as ChatGPT. Deceptive AI is very multifaceted. Different AI approaches give rise to different types of AI technologies, or, in some cases, autonomous agents. Some of these technologies already exist in practice, others exist in theory, some are transitioning between theory to implementation, and, finally, some are still only fictions of our shared imagination [62]

    Deception

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    Self-Governing Hybrid Societies and Deception

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    Self-governing hybrid societies are multi-agent systems where humans and machines interact by adapting to each other鈥檚 behaviour. Advancements in Artificial Intelligence (AI) have brought an increasing hybridisation of our societies, where one particular type of behaviour has become more and more prevalent, namely deception. Deceptive behaviour as the propagation of disinformation can have negative effects on a society's ability to govern itself. However, self-governing societies have the ability to respond to various phenomena. In this paper we explore how they respond to the phenomenon of deception from an evolutionary perspective considering that agents have limited adaptation skills. Will hybrid societies fail to govern deceptive behaviour and reach a Tragedy of The Digital Commons? Or will they manage to avoid it through cooperation? How resilient are they against large-scale deceptive attacks? We provide a tentative answer to some of these questions through the lens of evolutionary agent-based modelling, based on the scientific literature on deceptive AI and public goods games

    Free evolution of an incoherent mixture of states: a quantum mechanical approach to the van Cittert-Zernike theorem

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    We study the time evolution of an incoherent mixture of quantum states and demonstrate, in very simple terms, a quantum mechanical equivalent of van Cittert鈥揨ernike theorem, which can be easily explained to Quantum Physics students with a basic knowledge of the density matrix theory. Finally, we exemplify this result by applying it to the quantitative analysis of the coherence of a beam of particles in atomic collisions.Fil: Fabre, Ignacio. Comisi贸n Nacional de Energ铆a At贸mica. Centro At贸mico Bariloche; Argentina. Comisi贸n Nacional de Energ铆a At贸mica. Gerencia del 脕rea de Energ铆a Nuclear. Instituto Balseiro; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cient铆ficas y T茅cnicas; ArgentinaFil: Navarrete, Francisco Oscar. Comisi贸n Nacional de Energ铆a At贸mica. Centro At贸mico Bariloche; Argentina. Comisi贸n Nacional de Energ铆a At贸mica. Gerencia del 脕rea de Energ铆a Nuclear. Instituto Balseiro; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cient铆ficas y T茅cnicas; ArgentinaFil: Sarkadi, L.. Hungarian Academy of Sciences; Hungr铆aFil: Barrachina Tejada, Raul Oscar. Comisi贸n Nacional de Energ铆a At贸mica. Centro At贸mico Bariloche; Argentina. Comisi贸n Nacional de Energ铆a At贸mica. Gerencia del 脕rea de Energ铆a Nuclear. Instituto Balseiro; Argentina. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cient铆ficas y T茅cnicas; Argentin

    Stem Cell Course in the Middle East: Science Diplomacy and International Collaborations During the Arab Spring

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    In April 2011, an international advanced course and workshop entitled 鈥淔rontiers in Human Pluripotent Stem Cells鈥 and an International Congress on Fertility and Genetics (http://www.fertigen.com.jo/ConferenceDetails.aspx) was held in Amman Jordan hosted by the Jordanian Society of Fertility and Genetics under the auspices of the International Cell Research Organization (ICRO), a UNESCO associated NGO. The Congress President Dr. Zaid Kilani, with Dr. Abdel Latif Abu Khadra, President of the Jordanian society for Fertility and Genetics, Dr. Rana Dajani of the Hashemite University of Jordan, and their Organizing Committee proved to be an excellent organizers and dedicated physician-scientists and, focusing on fertility, genetics and stem cells in a wide range of advanced therapeutic applications. Brilliant course participants included trainees, scientists and clinicians from the Greater Middle East. The lectures and practical sessions, presented by internationally acknowledged scientists, included overviews of recent achievements in pluripotent stem cell research, emphasizing the role of both the embryonic (ES) and induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells. A major emphasis was placed on the clinical achievements in germ cell and umbilical cord stem cell transplantation issues, and on the potential of fast and successful prenatal and pre-implantation molecular genetics diagnostics. The organization of the stem cell course in the Holy Land especially emphasized that issues of 鈥渆ternal life鈥 and 鈥渞ejuvenation鈥 are already at hand鈥攁t least in the pluripotent stem cell research field. In the lively atmosphere of the course about 60 participants had heated discussions on the possibility and ethics of advanced prenatal diagnostics, and on regulatory issues reflecting the need of separation of clinically effective versus unapproved, unwarranted stem cell treatments. An open discussion of many ethical issues, reflecting profound differences in religion and medical tradition in the different countries, made this course exceptionally interesting for both teachers and trainees

    Reflective Artificial Intelligence

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    As Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology advances, we increasingly delegate mental tasks to machines. However, today's AI systems usually do these tasks with an unusual imbalance of insight and understanding: new, deeper insights are present, yet many important qualities that a human mind would have previously brought to the activity are utterly absent. Therefore, it is crucial to ask which features of minds have we replicated, which are missing, and if that matters. One core feature that humans bring to tasks, when dealing with the ambiguity, emergent knowledge, and social context presented by the world, is reflection. Yet this capability is completely missing from current mainstream AI. In this paper we ask what reflective AI might look like. Then, drawing on notions of reflection in complex systems, cognitive science, and agents, we sketch an architecture for reflective AI agents, and highlight ways forward
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