39 research outputs found

    Persistence of racial and ethnic disparities in risk and survival for patients with neuroblastoma over two decades

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    Background: Racial/ethnic survival disparities in neuroblastoma were first reported more than a decade ago. We sought to investigate if these disparities have persisted with current era therapy. Methods: Two patient cohorts were identified in the International Neuroblastoma Risk Group Data Commons (INRGdc) (Cohort 1: diagnosed 2001–2009, n = 4359; Cohort 2: diagnosed 2010–2019, n = 4891). Chi-squared tests were used to assess the relationship between race/ethnicity and clinical and biologic features. Survival was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were performed to investigate the association between racial/ethnic groups and prognostic markers. Results: Significantly higher 5-year event-free survival (EFS) and overall survival (OS) were observed for Cohort 2 compared to Cohort 1 (P < 0.001 and P < 0.001, respectively). Compared to White patients, Black patients in both cohorts had a higher proportion of high-risk disease (Cohort 1: P < 0.001; Cohort 2: P < 0.001) and worse EFS (Cohort 1: P < 0.001; Cohort 2 P < 0.001) and OS (Cohort 1: P < 0.001; Cohort 2: P < 0.001). In Cohort 1, Native Americans also had a higher proportion of high-risk disease (P = 0.03) and inferior EFS/OS. No significant survival disparities were observed for low- or intermediate-risk patients in either cohort or high-risk patients in Cohort 1. Hispanic patients with high-risk disease in Cohort 2 had significantly inferior OS (P = 0.047). Significantly worse OS, but not EFS, (P = 0.006 and P = 0.02, respectively) was also observed among Black and Hispanic patients assigned to receive post-Consolidation dinutuximab on clinical trials (n = 885). Conclusion: Racial/ethnic survival disparities have persisted over time and were observed among high-risk patients assigned to receive post-Consolidation dinutuximab

    Mapping Pediatric Oncology Clinical Trial Collaborative Groups on the Global Stage

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    The global pediatric oncology clinical research landscape, particularly in Central and South America, Africa, and Asia, which bear the highest burden of global childhood cancer cases, is less characterized in the literature. Review of how existing pediatric cancer clinical trial groups internationally have been formed and how their research goals have been pursued is critical for building global collaborative research and data-sharing efforts, in line with the WHO Global Initiative for Childhood Cancer. METHODS: A narrative literature review of collaborative groups performing pediatric cancer clinical research in each continent was conducted. An inventory of research groups was assembled and reviewed by current pediatric cancer regional and continental leaders. Each group was narratively described with identification of common structural and research themes among consortia. RESULTS: There is wide variability in the structure, history, and goals of pediatric cancer clinical trial collaborative groups internationally. Several continental regions have longstanding endogenously-formed clinical trial groups that have developed and published numerous adapted treatment regimens to improve outcomes, whereas other regions have consortia focused on developing foundational database registry infrastructure supported by large multinational organizations or twinning relationships. CONCLUSION: There cannot be a one-size-fits-all approach to increasing collaboration between international pediatric cancer clinical trial groups, as this requires a nuanced understanding of local stakeholders and resources necessary to form partnerships. Needs assessments, performed either by local consortia or in conjunction with international partners, have generated productive clinical trial infrastructure. To achieve the goals of the Global Initiative for Childhood Cancer, global partnerships must be sufficiently granular to account for the distinct needs of each collaborating group and should incorporate grassroots approaches, robust twinning relationships, and implementation science

    Advancing clinical and translational research in germ cell tumours (GCT): recommendations from the Malignant Germ Cell International Consortium.

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    Funder: St. Baldrick’s Foundation (St. Baldrick’s Foundation, Inc)Germ cell tumours (GCTs) are a heterogeneous group of rare neoplasms that present in different anatomical sites and across a wide spectrum of patient ages from birth through to adulthood. Once these strata are applied, cohort numbers become modest, hindering inferences regarding management and therapeutic advances. Moreover, patients with GCTs are treated by different medical professionals including paediatric oncologists, neuro-oncologists, medical oncologists, neurosurgeons, gynaecological oncologists, surgeons, and urologists. Silos of care have thus formed, further hampering knowledge dissemination between specialists. Dedicated biobank specimen collection is therefore critical to foster continuous growth in our understanding of similarities and differences by age, gender, and site, particularly for rare cancers such as GCTs. Here, the Malignant Germ Cell International Consortium provides a framework to create a sustainable, global research infrastructure that facilitates acquisition of tissue and liquid biopsies together with matched clinical data sets that reflect the diversity of GCTs. Such an effort would create an invaluable repository of clinical and biological data which can underpin international collaborations that span professional boundaries, translate into clinical practice, and ultimately impact patient outcomes.St Baldrick's Foundatio

    Cancer Informatics for Cancer Centers: Scientific Drivers for Informatics, Data Science, and Care in Pediatric, Adolescent, and Young Adult Cancer

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    Cancer Informatics for Cancer Centers (CI4CC) is a grassroots, nonprofit 501c3 organization intended to provide a focused national forum for engagement of senior cancer informatics leaders, primarily aimed at academic cancer centers anywhere in the world but with a special emphasis on the 70 National Cancer Institute-funded cancer centers. This consortium has regularly held topic-focused biannual face-to-face symposiums. These meetings are a place to review cancer informatics and data science priorities and initiatives, providing a forum for discussion of the strategic and pragmatic issues that we faced at our respective institutions and cancer centers. Here, we provide meeting highlights from the latest CI4CC Symposium, which was delayed from its original April 2020 schedule because of the COVID-19 pandemic and held virtually over three days (September 24, October 1, and October 8) in the fall of 2020. In addition to the content presented, we found that holding this event virtually once a week for 6 hours was a great way to keep the kind of deep engagement that a face-to-face meeting engenders. This is the second such publication of CI4CC Symposium highlights, the first covering the meeting that took place in Napa, California, from October 14-16, 2019. We conclude with some thoughts about using data science to learn from every child with cancer, focusing on emerging activities of the National Cancer Institute\u27s Childhood Cancer Data Initiative

    Development of a Data Model and Data Commons for Germ Cell Tumors.

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    Germ cell tumors (GCTs) are considered a rare disease but are the most common solid tumors in adolescents and young adults, accounting for 15% of all malignancies in this age group. The rarity of GCTs in some groups, particularly children, has impeded progress in treatment and biologic understanding. The most effective GCT research will result from the interrogation of data sets from historical and prospective trials across institutions. However, inconsistent use of terminology among groups, different sample-labeling rules, and lack of data standards have hampered researchers' efforts in data sharing and across-study validation. To overcome the low interoperability of data and facilitate future clinical trials, we worked with the Malignant Germ Cell International Consortium (MaGIC) and developed a GCT clinical data model as a uniform standard to curate and harmonize GCT data sets. This data model will also be the standard for prospective data collection in future trials. Using the GCT data model, we developed a GCT data commons with data sets from both MaGIC and public domains as an integrated research platform. The commons supports functions, such as data query, management, sharing, visualization, and analysis of the harmonized data, as well as patient cohort discovery. This GCT data commons will facilitate future collaborative research to advance the biologic understanding and treatment of GCTs. Moreover, the framework of the GCT data model and data commons will provide insights for other rare disease research communities into developing similar collaborative research platforms

    The Global academic research organization network: Data sharing to cure diseases and enable learning health systems.

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    Introduction:Global data sharing is essential. This is the premise of the Academic Research Organization (ARO) Council, which was initiated in Japan in 2013 and has since been expanding throughout Asia and into Europe and the United States. The volume of data is growing exponentially, providing not only challenges but also the clear opportunity to understand and treat diseases in ways not previously considered. Harnessing the knowledge within the data in a successful way can provide researchers and clinicians with new ideas for therapies while avoiding repeats of failed experiments. This knowledge transfer from research into clinical care is at the heart of a learning health system. Methods:The ARO Council wishes to form a worldwide complementary system for the benefit of all patients and investigators, catalyzing more efficient and innovative medical research processes. Thus, they have organized Global ARO Network Workshops to bring interested parties together, focusing on the aspects necessary to make such a global effort successful. One such workshop was held in Austin, Texas, in November 2017. Representatives from Japan, Taiwan, Singapore, Europe, and the United States reported on their efforts to encourage data sharing and to use research to inform care through learning health systems. Results:This experience report summarizes presentations and discussions at the Global ARO Network Workshop held in November 2017 in Austin, TX, with representatives from Japan, Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, Europe, and the United States. Themes and recommendations to progress their efforts are explored. Standardization and harmonization are at the heart of these discussions to enable data sharing. In addition, the transformation of clinical research processes through disruptive innovation, while ensuring integrity and ethics, will be key to achieving the ARO Council goal to overcome diseases such that people not only live longer but also are healthier and happier as they age. Conclusions:The achievement of global learning health systems will require further exploration, consensus-building, funding aligned with incentives for data sharing, standardization, harmonization, and actions that support global interests for the benefit of patients
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