64,700 research outputs found

    Room Temperature Reversible Spin Hall Effect

    Full text link
    Reversible spin Hall effect comprising the "direct" and "inverse" spin Hall effects was successfully detected at room temperature. This experimental demonstration proves the fundamental relations called Onsager reciprocal relations between spin and charge currents. A platinum wire with a strong spin-orbit interaction is used not only as a spin current absorber but also as a spin current source in the present lateral structure specially designed for clear detection of both charge and spin accumulations via the spin-orbit interaction. The obtained spin Hall conductivity is much larger than the reported value of Aluminum wire because of the larger spin-orbit interaction.Comment: 12 pages, 4 figure

    Nonlocal spin Hall effect and spin-orbit interaction in nonmagnetic metals

    Full text link
    Spin Hall effect in a nonlocal spin-injection device is theoretically studied. Using a nonlocal spin-injection technique, a pure spin current is created in a nonmagnetic metal (N). The spin current flowing in N is deflected by spin-orbit scattering to induce the Hall current in the transverse direction and accumulate charge at the edges of N, yielding the spin-current induced Hall effect. We propose a method for extracting information for spin-orbit scattering in nonmagnetic metals.Comment: 2 pages, 1 figures; accepted in JMMM (Proceedings of ICM2006, Kyoto

    Gauge Fixing and Scattering Amplitudes in String Field Theory Expanded around Universal Solutions

    Full text link
    We study a gauge fixed action of open string field theory expanded around the universal solution which has been found as an analytic classical solution with one parameter a. For a>-1/2, we are able to reproduce open string scattering amplitudes in the theory fixed in the Siegel gauge. At a=-1/2, all scattering amplitudes vanish and there is no open string excitation in the gauge fixed theory. These results support the conjecture that the universal solution can be regarded as pure gauge or the tachyon vacuum solution.Comment: 23 pages, LaTeX with PTPTeX.cls, 1 eps figure. minor corrections, published versio

    Thermodynamical Bethe Ansatz and Condensed Matter

    Full text link
    The basics of the thermodynamic Bethe ansatz equation are given. The simplest case is repulsive delta function bosons, the thermodynamic equation contains only one unknown function. We also treat the XXX model with spin 1/2 and the XXZ model and the XYZ model. This method is very useful for the investigation of the low temperature thermodynamics of solvable systems.Comment: 52 pages, 6 figures, latex, lamuphys.st

    Three Dimensional Heisenberg Spin Glass Models with and without Random Anisotropy

    Full text link
    We reexamine the spin glass (SG) phase transition of the ±J\pm J Heisenberg models with and without the random anisotropy DD in three dimensions (d=3d = 3) using complementary two methods, i.e., (i) the defect energy method and (ii) the Monte Carlo method. We reveal that the conventional defect energy method is not convincing and propose a new method which considers the stiffness of the lattice itself. Using the method, we show that the stiffness exponent θ\theta has a positive value (θ>0\theta > 0) even when D=0D = 0. Considering the stiffness at finite temperatures, we obtain the SG phase transition temperature of TSG0.19JT_{\rm SG} \sim 0.19J for D=0D = 0. On the other hand, a large scale MC simulation shows that, in contrary to the previous results, a scaling plot of the SG susceptibility χSG\chi_{\rm SG} for D=0D = 0 is obtained using almost the same transiton temperature of TSG0.18JT_{\rm SG} \sim 0.18J. Hence we believe that the SG phase transition occurs in the Heisenberg SG model in d=3d = 3.Comment: 15 pages, 9 figures, to be published in J. Phys.

    Cold r-Process in Neutrino-Driven Winds

    Full text link
    The r-process in a low temperature environment is explored, in which the neutron emission by photodisintegration does not play a role (cold r-process). A semi-analytic neutrino-driven wind model is utilized for this purpose. The temperature in a supersonically expanding outflow can quickly drop to a few 10^8 K, where the (n, gamma)-(gamma, n) equilibrium is never achieved during the heavy r-nuclei synthesis. In addition, the neutron capture competes with the beta-decay owing to the low matter density. Despite such non-standard physical conditions for the cold r-process, a solar-like r-process abundance curve can be reproduced. The cold r-process predicts, however, the low lead production compared to that expected in the traditional r-process conditions, which can be a possible explanation for the low lead abundances found in a couple of r-process-rich Galactic halo stars.Comment: 5 pages, 3 figures, accepted for publication in ApJ