1,169 research outputs found

    Electron-beam Calibration of Aerogel Tiles for the HELIX RICH Detector

    Full text link
    The HELIX cosmic-ray detector is a balloon-borne instrument designed to measure the flux of light isotopes in the energy range from 0.2 GeV/n to beyond 3 GeV/n. It will rely on a ring-imaging Cherenkov (RICH) detector for particle identification at energies greater than 1 GeV/n and will use aerogel tiles with refractive index near 1.15 as the radiator. To achieve the performance goals of the experiment it is necessary to know the refractive index and its position dependence over the lateral extent of the tiles to a precision of O(10$^{-4}). In this paper we describe the apparatus and methods developed to calibrate the HELIX tiles in an electron beam, in order to meet this requirement.Comment: 27 pages and 16 figures. Accepted for publication in Nuclear Instruments and Methods

    Association of the Timing and Extent of Cardiac Implantable Electronic Device Infections With Mortality.

    No full text
    IMPORTANCE: Cardiac implantable electronic device (CIED) infection is a potentially devastating complication with an estimated 12-month mortality of 15% to 30%. The association of the extent (localized or systemic) and timing of infection with all-cause mortality has not been established. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of the extent and timing of CIED infection with all-cause mortality. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: This prospective observational cohort study was conducted between December 1, 2012, and September 30, 2016, in 28 centers across Canada and the Netherlands. The study included 19 559 patients undergoing CIED procedures, 177 of whom developed an infection. Data were analyzed from April 5, 2021, to January 14, 2023. EXPOSURES: Prospectively identified CIED infections. MAIN OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: Time-dependent analysis of the timing (early [≤3 months] or delayed [3-12 months]) and extent (localized or systemic) of infection was performed to determine the risk of all-cause mortality associated with CIED infections. RESULTS: Of 19 559 patients undergoing CIED procedures, 177 developed a CIED infection. The mean (SD) age was 68.7 (12.7) years, and 132 patients were male (74.6%). The cumulative incidence of infection was 0.6%, 0.7%, and 0.9% within 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively. Infection rates were highest in the first 3 months (0.21% per month), reducing significantly thereafter. Compared with patients who did not develop CIED infection, those with early localized infections were not at higher risk for all-cause mortality (no deaths at 30 days [0 of 74 patients]: adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 0.64 [95% CI, 0.20-1.98]; P = .43). However, patients with early systemic and delayed localized infections had an approximately 3-fold increase in mortality (8.9% 30-day mortality [4 of 45 patients]: aHR, 2.88 [95% CI, 1.48-5.61]; P = .002; 8.8% 30-day mortality [3 of 34 patients]: aHR, 3.57 [95% CI, 1.33-9.57]; P = .01), increasing to a 9.3-fold risk of death for those with delayed systemic infections (21.7% 30-day mortality [5 of 23 patients]: aHR, 9.30 [95% CI, 3.82-22.65]; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: Findings suggest that CIED infections are most common within 3 months after the procedure. Early systemic infections and delayed localized infections are associated with increased mortality, with the highest risk for patients with delayed systemic infections. Early detection and treatment of CIED infections may be important in reducing mortality associated with this complication

    Search for Gamma-Ray and Neutrino Coincidences Using HAWC and ANTARES Data

    Full text link
    In the quest for high-energy neutrino sources, the Astrophysical Multimessenger Observatory Network (AMON) has implemented a new search by combining data from the High Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) observatory and the Astronomy with a Neutrino Telescope and Abyss environmental RESearch (ANTARES) neutrino telescope. Using the same analysis strategy as in a previous detector combination of HAWC and IceCube data, we perform a search for coincidences in HAWC and ANTARES events that are below the threshold for sending public alerts in each individual detector. Data were collected between July 2015 and February 2020 with a livetime of 4.39 years. Over this time period, 3 coincident events with an estimated false-alarm rate of <1< 1 coincidence per year were found. This number is consistent with background expectations.Comment: 12 pages, 5 figures, 3 table

    Search for Gamma-Ray and Neutrino Coincidences Using HAWC and ANTARES Data

    Get PDF
    In the quest for high-energy neutrino sources, the Astrophysical Multimessenger Observatory Network has implemented a new search by combining data from the High Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) Observatory and the Astronomy with a Neutrino Telescope and Abyss environmental RESearch (ANTARES) neutrino telescope. Using the same analysis strategy as in a previous detector combination of HAWC and IceCube data, we perform a search for coincidences in HAWC and ANTARES events that are below the threshold for sending public alerts in each individual detector. Data were collected between 2015 July and 2020 February with a live time of 4.39 yr. Over this time period, three coincident events with an estimated false-alarm rate of &lt;1 coincidence per year were found. This number is consistent with background expectations

    First Randomized, Multicenter, Placebo-Controlled Study of Self-Administered Intranasal Etripamil for Acute Conversion of Spontaneous Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia (NODE-301).

    Get PDF
    BACKGROUND: Pharmacologic termination of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT) often requires medically supervised intervention. Intranasal etripamil, is an investigational fast-acting, nondihydropyridine, L-type calcium channel blocker, designed for unsupervised self-administration to terminate atrioventricular nodal-dependent PSVT. Phase 2 results showed potential safety and efficacy of etripamil in 104 patients with PSVT. METHODS: NODE-301, a phase 3, multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluated the efficacy and safety of etripamil nasal spray administered, unsupervised in patients with symptomatic sustained PSVT. After a medically supervised etripamil test dose while in sinus rhythm, patients were randomized 2:1 to receive etripamil 70 mg or placebo. When PSVT symptoms developed, patients applied a cardiac monitor and attempted a vagal maneuver; if symptoms persisted, they self-administered blinded treatment. An independent Adjudication Committee reviewed continuous electrocardiogram recordings. The primary efficacy endpoint was termination of adjudicated PSVT within 5 hours after study drug administration. RESULTS: NODE-301 accrued 156 positively adjudicated PSVT events treated with etripamil (n=107) or placebo (n=49). The hazard ratio for the primary endpoint, time-to-conversion to sinus rhythm during the 5-hour observation period, was 1.086 (95% CI, 0.726-1.623; P=0.12). In predefined sensitivity analyses, etripamil effects (compared with placebo) occurred at 3, 5, 10, 20, and 30 minutes (P<0.05). For example, at 30 minutes, there was a 53.7% of SVT conversion in the treatment arm compared to 34.7% in the placebo arm (hazard ratio, 1.87 [95% CI, 1.09-3.22]; P=0.02). Etripamil was well tolerated; adverse events were mainly related to transient nasal discomfort and congestion (19.6% and 8.0%, respectively, of randomized treatment-emergent adverse events. CONCLUSIONS: Although the primary 5-hour efficacy endpoint was not met, analyses at earlier time points indicated an etripamil treatment effect in terminating PSVT. Etripamil self-administration during PSVT was safe and well tolerated. These results support continued clinical development of etripamil nasal spray for self-administration during PSVT in a medically unsupervised setting. REGISTRATION: URL: https://www. CLINICALTRIALS: gov; Unique identifier: NCT03464019

    Search for Gamma-Ray and Neutrino Coincidences Using HAWC and ANTARES Data

    No full text
    In the quest for high-energy neutrino sources, the Astrophysical Multimessenger Observatory Net- work (AMON) has implemented a new search by combining data from the High Altitude Water Cherenkov (HAWC) observatory and the Astronomy with a Neutrino Telescope and Abyss environ- mental RESearch (ANTARES) neutrino telescope. Using the same analysis strategy as in a previous detector combination of HAWC and IceCube data, we perform a search for coincidences in HAWC and ANTARES events that are below the threshold for sending public alerts in each individual detector. Data were collected between July 2015 and February 2020 with a livetime of 4.39 years. Over this time period, 3 coincident events with an estimated false-alarm rate of <1< 1 coincidence per year were found. This number is consistent with background expectations
    • …
    corecore