13,734 research outputs found

    II. The Standard Model in the Isotopic Foldy-Wouthuysen Representation without Higgs Bosons in the Fermion Sector. Spontaneous Breaking of Parity and "Dark Matter" Problems

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    The Standard Model with massive fermions is formulated in the isotopic Foldy-Wouthuysen representation. SU(2)xU(1) - invariance of the theory in this representation is independent of whether fermions possess mass or not, and, consequently, it is not necessary to introduce interactions between Higgs bosons and fermions. The study discusses a possible relation between spontaneous breaking of parity in the isotopic Foldy-Wouthuysen representation and the composition of elementary particles of "dark matter".Comment: 12 page

    Scattering in D=5 super Yang-Mills theory and the relation to (2,0) theory

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    Compactifying the A_1 version of (2,0) theory on a circle gives rise to five-dimensional, maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory. In the Coulomb branch, where the SU(2) gauge group is spontaneously broken to a U(1) subgroup, the degrees of freedom are constituted by one massless and two massive vector multiplets. Because of the relation to the six-dimensional (2,0) theory, we are then interested in scattering processes where both the in-state and the out-state consist of one massless and one massive particle. We show that the corresponding part of the S matrix is determined by the symmetries of the theory up to a single unknown function, which depends on the energy and mass of the incoming particles, together with the scattering angle. Performing a straight forward scattering calculation by means of Feynman diagrams, this function is determined to leading order in a low-energy approximation. The result is strikingly simple, and it coincides exactly with the corresponding function in the (2,0) theory.Comment: 17 pages, 1 figur

    Galilean currents and charges

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    We derive the Noether currents and charges associated with an internal galilean invariance---a symmetry recently postulated in the context of so-called galileon theories. Along the way we clarify the physical interpretation of the Noether charges associated with ordinary Galileo- and Lorentz-boosts.Comment: 5 page

    The UV behavior of Gravity at Large N

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    A first step in the analysis of the renormalizability of gravity at Large N is carried on. Suitable resummations of planar diagrams give rise to a theory in which there is only a finite number of primitive superficially divergent Feynman diagrams. The mechanism is similar to the the one which makes renormalizable the 3D Gross-Neveu model at large N. Some potential problems in fulfilling the Slavnov-Taylor and the Zinn-Justin equations are also pointed out.Comment: 17 pages, 9 figures. To appear on Phys. Rev. D. Two more references, further technical details and the discussion of the KLT relations at large N have been include