91 research outputs found

    EPFL Lectures on Conformal Field Theory in D>= 3 Dimensions

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    This is a writeup of lectures given at the EPFL Lausanne in the fall of 2012. The topics covered: physical foundations of conformal symmetry, conformal kinematics, radial quantization and the OPE, and a very basic introduction to conformal bootstrap.Comment: 68 pages; v2 - misprints correcte

    Radial Coordinates for Conformal Blocks

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    We develop the theory of conformal blocks in CFT_d expressing them as power series with Gegenbauer polynomial coefficients. Such series have a clear physical meaning when the conformal block is analyzed in radial quantization: individual terms describe contributions of descendants of a given spin. Convergence of these series can be optimized by a judicious choice of the radial quantization origin. We argue that the best choice is to insert the operators symmetrically. We analyze in detail the resulting "rho-series" and show that it converges much more rapidly than for the commonly used variable z. We discuss how these conformal block representations can be used in the conformal bootstrap. In particular, we use them to derive analytically some bootstrap bounds whose existence was previously found numerically.Comment: 27 pages, 9 figures; v2: misprints correcte

    A tauberian theorem for the conformal bootstrap

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    For expansions in one-dimensional conformal blocks, we provide a rigorous link between the asymptotics of the spectral density of exchanged primaries and the leading singularity in the crossed channel. Our result has a direct application to systems of SL(2,R)-invariant correlators (also known as 1d CFTs). It also puts on solid ground a part of the lightcone bootstrap analysis of the spectrum of operators of high spin and bounded twist in CFTs in d>2. In addition, a similar argument controls the spectral density asymptotics in large N gauge theories.Comment: 36pp; v2: refs and comments added, misprints correcte

    Remarks on the Convergence Properties of the Conformal Block Expansion

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    We show how to refine conformal block expansion convergence estimates from hep-th/1208.6449. In doing so we find a novel explicit formula for the 3d conformal blocks on the real axis.Comment: 12p

    Rigorous Limits on the Interaction Strength in Quantum Field Theory

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    We derive model-independent, universal upper bounds on the Operator Product Expansion (OPE) coefficients in unitary 4-dimensional Conformal Field Theories. The method uses the conformal block decomposition and the crossing symmetry constraint of the 4-point function. In particular, the OPE coefficient of three identical dimension dd scalar primaries is found to be bounded by ~ 10(d-1) for 1<d<1.7. This puts strong limits on unparticle self-interaction cross sections at the LHC.Comment: 11 pp, 3 figs + data file attache

    Cut-touching linear functionals in the conformal bootstrap

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    The modern conformal bootstrap program often employs the method of linear functionals to derive the numerical or analytical bounds on the CFT data. These functionals must have a crucial "swapping" property, allowing to swap infinite summation with the action of the functional in the conformal bootstrap sum rule. Swapping is easy to justify for the popular functionals involving finite sums of derivatives. However, it is far from obvious for "cut-touching" functionals, involving integration over regions where conformal block decomposition does not converge uniformly. Functionals of this type were recently considered by Mazac in his work on analytic derivation of optimal bootstrap bounds. We derive general swapping criteria for the cut-touching functionals, and check in a few explicit examples that Mazac's functionals pass our criteria.Comment: 19 pages, 7 figures, v2: author order corrected, v3: full domain of 4pt analyticity made more precise, v4: misprint corrected and acknowledgement adde

    General Properties of Multiscalar RG Flows in d=4−Δd=4-\varepsilon

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    Fixed points of scalar field theories with quartic interactions in d=4−Δd=4-\varepsilon dimensions are considered in full generality. For such theories it is known that there exists a scalar function AA of the couplings through which the leading-order beta-function can be expressed as a gradient. It is here proved that the fixed-point value of AA is bounded from below by a simple expression linear in the dimension of the vector order parameter, NN. Saturation of the bound requires a marginal deformation, and is shown to arise when fixed points with the same global symmetry coincide in coupling space. Several general results about scalar CFTs are discussed, and a review of known fixed points is given.Comment: 29 pages, 4 figures; see section 3 for a prize problem. v2: small correction in appendix, typos fixed. v3: minor additions. v4: some next-to-leading order results added, typos fixe

    Scale Invariance + Unitarity => Conformal Invariance?

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    We revisit the long-standing conjecture that in unitary field theories, scale invariance implies conformality. We explain why the Zamolodchikov-Polchinski proof in D=2 does not work in higher dimensions. We speculate which new ideas might be helpful in a future proof. We also search for possible counterexamples. We consider a general multi-field scalar-fermion theory with quartic and Yukawa interactions. We show that there are no counterexamples among fixed points of such models in 4-epsilon dimensions. We also discuss fake counterexamples, which exist among theories without a stress tensor.Comment: 17p