2,522 research outputs found

    SCIENTIFIC AND METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO A COMPREHENSIVE ASSESSMENT OF THE COMPETITIVE POTENTIAL OF ENTERPRISES AND TERRITORIES

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    The purpose of the article is to generalize and substantiate scientific and methodological approaches to a comprehensive assessment of the competitive potential of enterprises and territories. The methodology of the comprehensive study made it possible to determine the features of the competitive potential of an enterprise; to divide into levels the competitive potential as a system with a view to effective management of business entities; to determine the main functions of analyzing the competitive potential of business entities at different levels; to analyze and substantiate the existing approaches to assessing the competitive potential of an enterprise; to summarize the methods of assessing the competitive potential of an enterprise; to supplement the principles of assessing and forming the competitive potential of enterprises; to substantiate the main approaches, methods and indicators for assessing the competitive potential of territories; to develop an algorithm for measuring the competitive potential of a territory to use the knowledge gained in its management. Methodology. The main research method used was systematic analysis of scientific and methodological approaches to comprehensive assessment of competitive potential of business entities at various levels, as outlined by the relevance of the work. Monographic, structural and logical methods, methods of analysis and synthesis, comparison, etc. were also used. It is determined that competitive potential is a system of capabilities, competencies and resources, under the influence of which a set of internal competitive advantages is formed in dynamics, which include two components: adaptability and innovation, and which are constantly under the influence of external and internal factors and form the level of competitiveness of economic entities at different levels of management. It has been proved that in order to assess the competitive potential of an enterprise it is advisable to identify, systematize and analyze all the elements that are its components: production, management, human resources, marketing, financial, information and innovation potential. The analysis of the characteristics of these components allows their division into levels for a more efficient management of business entities. Existing approaches to assessment of competitive potential of the enterprise are analyzed. It is determined that the main functions of the analysis of the competitive potential are: objective assessment of the factors determining the increase of the competitive potential; identification of the factors and causes of the achieved status and results; preparation and justification of management decisions; identification and mobilization of reserves for improvement and increase of the competitive potential. The methods used to assess the competitive potential of a company are generalized. The study of scientific and methodological approaches to the comprehensive assessment of the competitive potential of an enterprise allowed to add the principles that contribute to its increase, such as: the orientation of all and each employee to the action, to the continuation of the started business; the proximity of the enterprise to the customer; the creation of a creative atmosphere in the enterprise; the increase of productivity by using the abilities of the employees and their desire to work; simplicity of the organization, the minimum number of management and administrative staff, etc. The results of the study show that the competitive potential of an enterprise is a comprehensive comparative characteristic that reflects the degree of predominance of a set of indicators for assessing the capabilities of an enterprise that determine its success in a particular market over a certain period of time in relation to the set of similar indicators of competing enterprises. The competitive potential of a territory is a set of competitive advantages and attractive features of a given territory, which contribute to the efficient use of available and attractive external resources and distinguish the territory from other competitors in terms of its capabilities for effective socio-economic development. Practical implications. In order to implement the model of measuring the competitive potential of an area, an algorithm has been developed that includes the following steps: determination of the criterion of the competitive potential of an area; substantiation of the model of factors of the competitive potential of an area; formation of a system of requirements for indicators of the attractiveness of an area by factors; selection of a group of indicators for each factor that meet the requirements and characteristics; creation of a mathematical apparatus for the calculation of indicators in the assessment of factors; calculation of indicators and obtaining generalized assessments by factors; aggregation of generalized assessments by competitiveness factors and integrated assessment of the competitive potential of the territory; typology of territories by the level of competitive potential; reflection of individual territories in the ratings of competitive potential assessments; use of the information obtained for strategic planning purposes. Adherence to this sequence and content of work on measuring the competitive potential of the territory will allow to effectively use the knowledge gained in its management. Relevance/originality. The application of the integral method of assessing the competitive potential of a company allows to provide an integrated approach to the assessment of the competitiveness of the company's potential and, in practice, to obtain an assessment of its competitive position on the basis of specific indicators. In addition, the application of this approach to the real conditions of a company's operation makes it possible to take into account both the competitiveness of products and the efficiency of the company's production and economic activities

    Morphological changes of the gallbladder in patients with chronic cholecystitis and cholesterolosis depending on comorbid pathology: CHD, cardiosclerosis and obesity

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    Мета роботи – вивчити морфологічні зміни жовчного міхура у хворих на хронічний холецистит та холестероз жовчного міхура на тлі ішемічної хвороби серця та ожиріння. Висновки. Серед осіб, хворих на ішемічну хворобу серця та ожиріння, хронічний холецистит та хронічний холецистит, поєднаний із холестерозом жовчного міхура, частіше трапляється у жінок (3,2:1 та 2,8:1 відповідно). Морфологічні зміни жовчних міхурів, видалених при холецистектомії, у осіб, хворих на ішемічну хворобу серця та ожиріння І-II ступеня, засвідчують наявність хронічного холециститу у 100,0 % випадків.Objective – to study the morphological changes of the gallbladder in patients with chronic cholecystitis and cholesterolosis of the gallbladder depending on comorbid pathology coronary heart disease (CHD) and obesity. Сonclusions. Among patients with coronary heart disease and obesity, chronic cholecystitis and chronic cholecystitis combined with cholesterosis of the gallbladder occur more often in women (3.2:1 and 2.8:1, respectively). Morphological changes of gall bladders removed during cholecystectomy in persons with ischemic heart disease and obesity of the I-II degree indicate the presence of chronic cholecystitis in 100.0 % of cases

    Introduction of the European Union case definitions to primary care physicians has improved the quality of communicable diseases notification in Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina

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    Aim: The Public Health Reform II project was implemented in Bosnia and Herzegovina from December 2011 to December 2013 and was funded by the European Union Aid schema. The principal aim of the project was to strengthen public health services in the country through improved control of public health threats. Workshops for primary care physicians were provided to improve the situation and increase communicable diseases notification rates in eight selected primary care centres. They were followed with visits from the project’s implementing team to verify the effects of trainings. Methods: The quality of notifications from physicians in Tuzla region was compared before and after the workshop. The timeliness was used as an indicator of quality. Medians of timeliness before and after the training were compared by use of Wilcoxon test, whereas the averages of timeliness were compared by use of the t-test. Results: There were 980 reported cases, 80% before the training and 20% after the training. A lower median of timeliness for all the reported cases after the training was statistically significant compared to the median value before the training. A similar picture was revealed for specific diseases i.e. tuberculosis and enteritis, not so for scarlet fever and scabies. Conclusion: The significant reduction in time response between the first symptoms and disease diagnosis indicates the positive impact of the training program in Tuzla. Hence, primary care physicians provided better quality of reported data after the training course

    Traumatic brain injury related deaths in residents and non-residents of 30 European countries: a cross-sectional study

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    Abstract The incidence and mortality of traumatic brain injuries (TBI) among non-residents to countries where they occur remains unknown, warranting epidemiological research. Epidemiological data are key to inform prevention and public health policies related to TBI, as well as to help promote safe travelling practice. The aim of this study was to analyse the epidemiological patterns of TBI-related deaths among residents and non-residents in 30 European countries in 2015 using standardised European level data on causes of death. A large-scale cross-sectional study analysing TBI-related deaths in 30 European countries in 2015 among residents and non-residents to the country of occurrence of the death was conducted. Data from death certificates collected on European level by Eurostat were used to calculate the numbers of TBI-related deaths and estimate crude and age-standardised mortality rates. Rates were stratified by country, sex, age-group and by resident status. External causes of the injury were determined using the provided ICD-10 codes. 40,087 TBI-related deaths were identified; overall about 3% occurred among non-residents with highest proportions in Turkey (11%), Luxembourg (9%) and Cyprus (5%). Taking into account tourism intensity in the countries, Bulgaria, Greece and Austria showed highest rates of TBI-related deaths in non-residents: 0.7,0.5 and 0.5 per million overnight stays, respectively. The pooled age-standardised TBI-related mortality in non-residents was 0.2 (95% CI 0.1–0.3), among residents 10.4 (95% CI 9.4–11.5) per 100,000. In non-residents, TBI-related deaths were shifted to younger populations (86% in < 35 years); in non-residents 78% were 15–64 years old. Falls were predominant among residents (47%), and traffic accidents among non-residents (36%). Male:female ratio was higher among non-residents (3.9), compared to residents (2.1). Extrapolating our findings, we estimate that annually 1022 TBI-related deaths would occur to non-residents in the EU-27 + UK and 1488 in Europe as a continent. We conclude, that the primary populations at risk of TBI-related deaths in European countries differ in several characteristics between residents and non-residents to the country of the occurrence of death, which warrants for different approaches in prevention and safety promotion. Our findings suggest that TBI occurring in European countries among non-residents present a problem worthy of attention from public health and travel medicine professionals and should be further studied

    Reflecting on hybrid events: Learning from a year of hybrid experiences

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    The COVID-19 pandemic led to a sudden shift to virtual work and events, with the last two years enabling an appropriated and rather simulated togetherness - the hybrid mode. As we return to in-person events, it is important to reflect on not only what we learned about technologies and social justice, but about the types of events we desire, and how to re-design them accordingly. This SIG aims to reflect on hybrid events and their execution: scaling them across sectors, communities, and industries; considering trade-offs when choosing technologies; studying best practices and defining measures of "success"for hybrid events; and finally, identifying and charting the wider social, ethical, and legal implications of hybrid formats. This SIG will consolidate these topics by inviting participants to collaboratively reflect on previous hybrid experiences and what can be learned from them

    EVALUACIÓN DE CINCO MÉTODOS PARA EL PRONÓSTICO Y EL ANÁLISIS DE TENDENCIA DE LA PRODUCCIÓN AGRÍCOLA DE PANAMÁ: : UNA HERRAMIENTA PARA LAS INSTITUCIONES Y EMPRESAS DEL SECTOR

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    As an orientation for agricultural science managers and practitioners to improve budget planning and projected financial statements, five forecasting methods and the trend of linear regression, over a time series, for 30 agricultural crops in Panama were analyzed. The five forecasting methods applied were Simple Moving Average (SMA), Weighted Moving Average (WMA), Exponential Smoothing (SE), Simple Linear Regression (SLR) and Polynomial Regression (PR) and the only trend method used was SLR. The data was run in Excel software. The results of the basic statistics (see table 1) showed that, of 30 items analyzed in 2019, in 16 cases production was below the average of the historical series. Table 2 shows that, of the 30 items predicted, 6 cases corresponded to the SMA, 14 cases to the WMA, 9 cases to the SE and in one case to the PR method.&nbsp; In the trend analysis, for after 2019, of the 30 cases analyzed, 19 items showed a tendency to decrease, 9 showed an increase and two to were predicted to maintain constant production.&nbsp; It is concluded that the forecasts to produce agricultural crops may vary from one method to another, depending also on addition to the data and time, a high coefficient of determination of the regression model, a result in positive real numbers and the lowest percentage error of absolute deviation.Como una orientación para que los administradores y profesionales de las ciencias agrícolas mejoren la planificación de presupuestos y estados financieros proyectados, se analizaron cinco métodos de pronósticos y la tendencia de la regresión lineal, en una serie de tiempo, para 30 cultivos agrícolas en Panamá. Los cinco métodos de pronósticos aplicados fueron el Promedio Móvil Simple (PMS), el Promedio Móvil Ponderado (PMP), la Suavización Exponencial (SE), la Regresión lineal simple (RLS) y la Regresión Polinómica (RP) y el único método de tendencia utilizado fue el RLS. Los datos se corrieron en el software Excel. Los resultados de las estadísticas básicas (ver tabla1) mostraron que, de 30 rubros analizados en el 2019, en 16 casos la producción estuvo por debajo del promedio de la serie histórica. En la tabla 2 se observa que, de los 30 rubros pronosticados, 6 casos correspondieron al PMS, 14 casos al PMP, 9 casos a la SE y en un caso al método de la RP. &nbsp;En el análisis de tendencia, para después del año 2019, de los 30 casos analizados, 19 rubros mostraron tendencia al decrecimiento, 9 mostraron al incremento y dos a mantener la producción constante. &nbsp;Se concluye que los pronósticos para la producción de cultivos agrícolas pueden variar de un método a otro, dependiendo además de la data y del tiempo, de un alto coeficiente de determinación del modelo de regresión, de un resultado en números reales positivos y del menor error porcentual de desviación absoluta

    Design and technological scheme of a multifunctional seeding unit

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    Currently, the vast majority of agricultural producers in the Southern Federal District with a total area of arable land up to 50-70 hectares cultivate three main crops, namely grain ears, usually winter wheat, and row crops – corn for grain and sunflower. Grain ear crops are sown in the usual ordinary way, and row crops use the dotted method. These key agrotechnological features lead to the need to use different sowing machines equipped with different types of sowing units. Since the vast majority of agricultural producers of the Southern Federal district with a total area of arable land up to 50-70 hectares do not use monoculture in the structure of crops, this leads to a low annual load of these seeders. This is through deductions for depreciation, maintenance service and repairs inevitably affect the final cost of production. It should also be noted that often, due to the high cost of sowing machines, small agricultural producers are not able to purchase the required agricultural machinery, in addition, this is most often not economically feasible. The use of hired units does not allow sowing in the specified agrotechnical terms, which significantly reduces their productivity and quality parameters. The use of specialized seeders leads to an increase in metal consumption and multi-marking on the farm. This problem can be solved by using a multifunctional seeding machine (MSU). This will make it possible to abandon the use of specialized seeders and perform sowing of grain and row crops with the same machine by carrying out conversion for a specific crop. We have de-scribed the design scheme of the MSU and the principle of its operation. The technical result of the development is also presented and the way to achieve is described

    Niveles de contaminación acústica en las principales vías de la Ciudad de David.

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    The main objective of this article was to evaluate the levels of noise pollution in the main streets of the city of David, Republic of Panama, caused by commercial activities, urban traffic, machinery, construction, among other factors that influenced the generation of noise when which population is exposed. The results show that, in the main areas of the city of David, the threshold allowed according to the WHO is exceeded, which leads us to lower, which is a worrying problem for us and the entire Chiricanpopulation. The purpose of this study is to be able to raise awareness in the population and to review public policies on exposure to noise so that the impacts generated can be minimized and thus promote quiet environments in the city, improving well-being for people.El presente artículo tuvo como objetivo principal evaluar los niveles de contaminación acústica en las principales calles de la ciudad David, República de Panamá, causado por las actividades comerciales, el tráfico urbano, maquinaria, construcción, entre otros factores que influye en la generación de ruido al cual está expuesta la población. Los resultados demostraron que, en las áreas principales de la ciudad de David, se superan al umbral permitido según la OMS, lo que nos lleva a inferir que es una problemática preocupante para nosotros y toda la población chiricana. El fin de este estudio es poder generar conciencia en la población y de revisar las políticas públicas sobre la exposición al ruido para que los impactos generados puedan reducirse al mínimo y así promover entornos tranquilos en la ciudad, mejorando el bienestar para las personas

    How to Enhance Perception of Reassembled but Incomplete Works of Ancient Art? Eye-Tracking Study of Virtual Anastylosis

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    In 1964 the Venice Charter described anastylosis as the only acceptable method of reassembly of architectural remains. Although the scientific community has agreed with the Charter&rsquo;s decision, many questions pertaining to the technical and aesthetic aspects of anastylosis remain unanswered. Virtual anastylosis seems one of the most promising digital solutions to finding at least some answers, as it permits testing various solutions before carrying out the actual physical re-erection of a damaged monument. Studying such variants with eye-trackers allows the participation of non-professional viewers at the very beginning of the process, that is at the design stage. By understanding how ordinary people look at different reconstructions, professionals and scholars can determine which elements would assist and which would hinder the instinctive assessment of the object&rsquo;s value and history. This study compares perceptions of three variants of the same column. A total of 232 people were divided into three groups and asked to examine different types of anastyloses: with an empty cavity, with a cavity filled with a brighter stone, and with a cavity filled with a stone of the same color and texture as the rest of the column. Their perception of the columns was then analyzed using several parameters, including the number of fixations, the time spent looking at individual elements, and the chronological order in which the parts of the stimuli was taken in. This paper explores the benefits and the potential of this new research tool as well as offers a more detailed look at what a viewer-friendly model of anastylosis may be like

    Maxims in the artistic discourse of Olga Kobylyanska

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    The purpose of the article is to analyze the maxims regulating family and domestic relations in the artistic discourse of the prominent Bukovinian writer in terms of syntactic organization, verbal content and semantic diversity. Conclusions. Maxims are autosemantic, relatively independent statements based on popular common sense, the writer's intellectual level and precedent phenomena. The class of maxims consists of paremias, which include author's modifications of paremias, sayings based on folk mythologems and author's maxims. Maxims function in the text as a separate statement or as part of the context. Folk paremias function as precedent phenomena in the form of a simple sentence. Author's maxims can take the form of identification sentences. Often, maxims are included in the constructions of vocations, taking the form of direct speech
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