189 research outputs found

    Interacting and Annealing Particle Filters: Mathematics and a Recipe for Applications

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    Interacting and annealing are two powerful strategies that are applied in different areas of stochastic modelling and data analysis. Interacting particle systems approximate a distribution of interest by a finite number of particles where the particles interact between the time steps. In computer vision, they are commonly known as particle filters. Simulated annealing, on the other hand, is a global optimization method derived from statistical mechanics. A recent heuristic approach to fuse these two techniques for motion capturing has become known as annealed particle filter. In order to analyze these techniques, we rigorously derive in this paper two algorithms with annealing properties based on the mathematical theory of interacting particle systems. Convergence results and sufficient parameter restrictions enable us to point out limitations of the annealed particle filter. Moreover, we evaluate the impact of the parameters on the performance in various experiments, including the tracking of articulated bodies from noisy measurements. Our results provide a general guidance on suitable parameter choices for different applications

    Temperature-Dependent X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy of Colossal Magnetoresistive Perovskites

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    The temperature dependence of the O K-edge pre-edge structure in the x-ray absorption spectra of the perovskites La(1-x)A(x)MnO(3), (A = Ca, Sr; x = 0.3, 0.4) reveals a correlation between the disappearance of the splitting in the pre-edge region and the presence of Jahn-Teller distortions. The different magnitudes of the distortions for different compounds is proposed to explain some dissimilarity in the line shape of the spectra taken above the Curie temperature.Comment: To appear in Phys. Rev. B, 5 pages, 3 figure

    Making Higher Order {MOT} Scalable: {A}n Efficient Approximate Solver for Lifted Disjoint Paths

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    Three dimensional tracking of exploratory behavior of barnacle cyprids using stereoscopy

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    Surface exploration is a key step in the colonization of surfaces by sessile marine biofoulers. As many biofouling organisms can delay settlement until a suitable surface is encountered, colonization can comprise surface exploration and intermittent swimming. As such, the process is best followed in three dimensions. Here we present a low-cost transportable stereoscopic system consisting of two consumer camcorders. We apply this novel apparatus to behavioral analysis of barnacle larvae (? 800 lm length) during surface exploration and extract and analyze the three-dimensional patterns of movement. The resolution of the system and the accuracy of position determination are characterized. As a first practical result, three-dimensional swimming trajectories of the cypris larva of the barnacle Semibalanus balanoides are recorded in the vicinity of a glass surface and close to PEG2000-OH and C11NMe3 +Cl- terminated self-assembled monolayers. Although less frequently used in biofouling experiments due to its short reproductive season, the selected model species [Marechal and Hellio (2011), Int Biodeterior Biodegrad, 65(1):92-101] has been used following a number of recent investigations on the settlement behavior on chemically different surfaces [Aldred et al. (2011), ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, 3(6):2085-2091]. Experiments were scheduled to match the availability of cyprids off the north east coast of England so that natural material could be used. In order to demonstrate the biological applicability of the system, analysis of parameters such as swimming direction, swimming velocity and swimming angle are performed.DFG/Ro 2524/2-2DFG/Ro 2497/7-2ONR/N00014-08-1-1116ONR/N00014-12-1-0498EC/FP7/2007-2013/23799

    Direct Observation of High-Temperature Polaronic Behavior In Colossal Magnetoresistive Manganites

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    The temperature dependence of the electronic and atomic structure of the colossal magnetoresistive oxides La1−xSrxMnO3La_{1-x}Sr_{x}MnO_{3} (x = 0.3, 0.4) has been studied using core and valence level photoemission, x-ray absorption and emission, and extended x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy. A dramatic and reversible change of the electronic structure is observed on crossing the Curie temperature, including charge localization and spin moment increase of Mn, together with Jahn-Teller distortions, both signatures of polaron formation. Our data are also consistent with a phase-separation scenario.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figures, revte

    Security event recognition for visual surveillance

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    With rapidly increasing deployment of surveillance cameras, the reliable methods for automatically analyzing the surveillance video and recognizing special events are demanded by different practical applications. This paper proposes a novel effective framework for security event analysis in surveillance videos. First, convolutional neural network (CNN) framework is used to detect objects of interest in the given videos. Second, the owners of the objects are recognized and monitored in real-time as well. If anyone moves any object, this person will be verified whether he/she is its owner. If not, this event will be further analyzed and distinguished between two different scenes: moving the object away or stealing it. To validate the proposed approach, a new video dataset consisting of various scenarios is constructed for more complex tasks. For comparison purpose, the experiments are also carried out on the benchmark databases related to the task on abandoned luggage detection. The experimental results show that the proposed approach outperforms the state-of-the-art methods and effective in recognizing complex security events. © 2017 Copernicus GmbH. All rights reserved
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