23 research outputs found

    Spielarten des Kapitalismus, Spielarten der Nachhaltigkeit und die ökosoziale Dimension der Energiewende: Soziale Nebenwirkungen von Energiesteuern im Bereich privater Haushalte

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    Die These von den „Spielarten der Nachhaltigkeit“ baut auf der Theorie von den Spielarten des Kapitalismus auf: Dieselben Ideen, Institutionen und Akteurskoalitionen, die zu unterschiedlichen Formen von Kapitalismus und Wohlfahrtsstaat führen, sind auch für die Bearbeitung zentraler ökologischer Probleme maßgeblich. Diese These wird am Beispiel der Behandlung der deutschen Energiewende in den Debatten des Bundestages empirisch überprüft. Es wird sichtbar, dass bei der deutschen Energiewende zentrale Diskurse vor allem auf Marktnähe der Instrumente, auf Wirtschaftswachstum und auf Arbeitsplätze fokussieren. Hingegen wird die ökosoziale Frage nach der Verteilungsgerechtigkeit bei den Investitionskosten in den Hintergrund gedrängt. Es zeigt sich zudem, dass die jeweiligen Regierungsparteien weitgehend unabhängig von ihrer programmatischen Ausrichtung zu sehr ähnlichen Rechtfertigungsmustern greifen und damit die Kontinuität des Reformvorhabens in der einmal gewählten Ausrichtung sichern. The thesis of the "varieties of sustainability" is based on the theory of the varieties of capitalism: The same ideas, institutions and actor-coalitions, which lead to different forms of capitalism and welfare state, are also crucial for the treatment of key ecological problems. This thesis is empirically examined in the debates of the Bundestag on the example of the treatment of the German energy transition ("Energiewende"). It becomes apparent that in the German energy transition, central discourses primarily focus on the market proximity of the instruments, on economic growth and on employment opportunities. On the other hand, the eco-social question of distributive justice in respect of the investment costs is being pushed into the background. It is also shown that the parties, while in government, resort to very similar models of justification largely independent of their own programmatic orientation, and thus en¬sure the continuity of the reform project within the once selected direction. (peer reviewed

    Aufbau und Realisierung des MeDoc-Volltextspeichers

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    Potenzial der Digitalisierung in Aus‑, Fort- und Weiterbildung in Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie

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    Introduction In its digital agenda the German Federal Government pursues the ambitious objective to facilitate digital competence and perform research into digital learning and teaching processes. Considerable investments are to be concentrated into the future viability of education, academic research and digitalization. As far as academic teaching and further education are concerned, not only in the field of orthopedics and trauma surgery, three aspects can be identified: digital organization, digital competence and digital tools. Digital applications New formats, such as the elective subject digital health of the Charite in Berlin, enable digital competences to be mediated in a multimodal and interdisciplinary way. With the help of a newly developed app the University of Essen provides teachers and students with mobile and flexible access to information on lectures in terms of content and organization. Especially because of transparency, high legal compliance and predictability, the digital logbook for the resident training program promises a real innovation for trainees in the further training reformation. Augmented and virtual reality play a crucial role in the imparting of practical skills and interconnect high-tech with classical craftsmanship. Digital training course formats have significantly gained in importance and are meanwhile well-established tools for efficient advanced medical training. Outlook If orthopedic and trauma surgeons take an active role in the process of digitalization of teaching, they can take part in decisions, adequately prepare the colleagues of tomorrow, optimize patient care, encourage innovations and altogether improve the discipline even more
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