147,161 research outputs found

    Performance of the local reconstruction algorithms for the CMS hadron calorimeter with Run 2 data

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    A description is presented of the algorithms used to reconstruct energy deposited in the CMS hadron calorimeter during Run 2 (2015–2018) of the LHC. During Run 2, the characteristic bunch-crossing spacing for proton-proton collisions was 25 ns, which resulted in overlapping signals from adjacent crossings. The energy corresponding to a particular bunch crossing of interest is estimated using the known pulse shapes of energy depositions in the calorimeter, which are measured as functions of both energy and time. A variety of algorithms were developed to mitigate the effects of adjacent bunch crossings on local energy reconstruction in the hadron calorimeter in Run 2, and their performance is compared

    A multifunctional scaffold for bone infection treatment by delivery of microRNA therapeutics combined with antimicrobial nanoparticles

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    Treating bone infections and ensuring bone repair is one of the greatest global challenges of modern orthopedics, made complex by antimicrobial resistance (AMR) risks due to long-term antibiotic treatment and debilitating large bone defects following infected tissue removal. An ideal multi-faceted solution would will eradicate bacterial infection without long-term antibiotic use, simultaneously stimulating osteogenesis and angiogenesis. Here, a multifunctional collagen-based scaffold that addresses these needs by leveraging the potential of antibiotic-free antimicrobial nanoparticles (copper-doped bioactive glass, CuBG) to combat infection without contributing to AMR in conjunction with microRNA-based gene therapy (utilizing an inhibitor of microRNA-138) to stimulate both osteogenesis and angiogenesis, is developed. CuBG scaffolds reduce the attachment of gram-positive bacteria by over 80%, showcasing antimicrobial functionality. The antagomiR-138 nanoparticles induce osteogenesis of human mesenchymal stem cells in vitro and heal a large load-bearing defect in a rat femur when delivered on the scaffold. Combining both promising technologies results in a multifunctional antagomiR-138-activated CuBG scaffold inducing hMSC-mediated osteogenesis and stimulating vasculogenesis in an in vivo chick chorioallantoic membrane model. Overall, this multifunctional scaffold catalyzes killing mechanisms in bacteria while inducing bone repair through osteogenic and angiogenic coupling, making this platform a promising multi-functional strategy for treating and repairing complex bone infections. </p

    Table_1_Rapid outpatient transient ischemic attack clinic and stroke service activity during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic: a multicenter time series analysis.docx

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    Background and aimRapid outpatient evaluation and treatment of TIA in structured clinics have been shown to reduce stroke recurrence. It is unclear whether short-term downtrends in TIA incidence and admissions have had enduring impact on TIA clinic activity. This study aims to measure the impact of the pandemic on hospitals with rapid TIA clinics.MethodsRelevant services were identified by literature search and contacted. Three years of monthly data were requested – a baseline pre-COVID period (April 2018 to March 2020) and an intra-COVID period (April 2020 to March 2021). TIA presentations, ischemic stroke presentations, and reperfusion trends inclusive of IV thrombolysis (IVT) and endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) were recorded. Pandemic impact was measured with interrupted time series analysis, a segmented regression approach to test an effect of an intervention on a time-dependent outcome using a defined impact model.ResultsSix centers provided data for a total of 6,231 TIA and 13,191 ischemic stroke presentations from Australia (52.1%), Canada (35.0%), Italy (7.6%), and England (5.4%). TIA clinic volumes remained constant during the pandemic (2.9, 95% CI –1.8 to 7.6, p = 0.24), as did ischemic stroke (2.9, 95% CI –7.8 to 1.9, p = 0.25), IVT (−14.3, 95% CI −36.7, 6.1, p ConclusionThis suggests that the pandemic has not had an enduring effect on TIA clinic or stroke service activity for these centers. Furthermore, the disproportionate decrease in IVT suggests that patients may be presenting outside the IVT window during the pandemic – delays in seeking treatment in this group could be the target for public health intervention.</p

    Extracting the speed of sound in the strongly interacting matter created in ultrarelativistic lead-lead collisions at the LHC