2,021 research outputs found

    Qubit quantum-dot sensors: noise cancellation by coherent backaction, initial slips, and elliptical precession

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    We theoretically investigate the backaction of a sensor quantum dot with strong local Coulomb repulsion on the transient dynamics of a qubit that is probed capacitively. We show that the measurement backaction induced by the noise of electron cotunneling through the sensor is surprisingly mitigated by the recently identified coherent backaction [PRB 89, 195405] arising from quantum fluctuations. This renormalization effect is missing in semiclassical stochastic fluctuator models and typically also in Born-Markov approaches, which try to avoid the calculation of the nonstationary, nonequilibrium state of the qubit plus sensor. Technically, we integrate out the current-carrying electrodes to obtain kinetic equations for the joint, nonequilibrium detector-qubit dynamics. We show that the sensor-current response, level renormalization, cotunneling, and leading non-Markovian corrections always appear together and cannot be turned off individually in an experiment or ignored theoretically. We analyze the backaction on the reduced qubit state - capturing the full non-Markovian effects imposed by the sensor quantum dot on the qubit - by applying a Liouville-space decomposition into quasistationary and rapidly decaying modes. Importantly, the sensor cannot be eliminated completely even in the simplest high-temperature, weak-measurement limit: The qubit state experiences an initial slip that persists over many qubit cycles and depends on the initial preparation of qubit plus sensor quantum dot. A quantum-dot sensor can thus not be modeled as a 'black box' without accounting for its dynamical variables. We furthermore find that the Bloch vector relaxes (T1) along an axis that is not orthogonal to the plane in which the Bloch vector dephases (T2), blurring the notions of T1 and T2 times. Finally, the precessional motion of the Bloch vector is distorted into an ellipse in the tilted dephasing plane.Comment: This is the version published in Phys. Rev.

    Solid state image sensor research

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    Solid state image sensing devices developed for meteorological satellite application

    Spin quadrupoletronics: moving spin anisotropy around

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    We show that spin anisotropy can be transferred to an isotropic system by transport of spin quadrupole moment. We derive the quadrupole moment current and continuity equation and study a high-spin valve structure consisting of two ferromagnets coupled to a quantum dot probing an impurity spin. The quadrupole back-action on their coupled spin results in spin torques and anisotropic spin relaxation which do not follow from standard spin current considerations. We demonstrate the detection of the impurity spin by charge transport and its manipulation by electric fields.Comment: v2 updated arXiv reference [6

    Block copolymer nanostructures mapped by far-field optics.

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    Development of a breadboard multielement star detector Final report, Mar. 1967 - Sep. 1968

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    Breadboard model of star detector device consisting of thin film photosensitive and high dielectric material

    On Approximating Restricted Cycle Covers

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    A cycle cover of a graph is a set of cycles such that every vertex is part of exactly one cycle. An L-cycle cover is a cycle cover in which the length of every cycle is in the set L. The weight of a cycle cover of an edge-weighted graph is the sum of the weights of its edges. We come close to settling the complexity and approximability of computing L-cycle covers. On the one hand, we show that for almost all L, computing L-cycle covers of maximum weight in directed and undirected graphs is APX-hard and NP-hard. Most of our hardness results hold even if the edge weights are restricted to zero and one. On the other hand, we show that the problem of computing L-cycle covers of maximum weight can be approximated within a factor of 2 for undirected graphs and within a factor of 8/3 in the case of directed graphs. This holds for arbitrary sets L.Comment: To appear in SIAM Journal on Computing. Minor change
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