83 research outputs found

    Autologous stem cell transplantation in adult patients with intermediate-risk acute myeloid leukemia in first complete remission and no detectable minimal residual disease. A comparative retrospective study with haploidentical transplants of the global committee and the ALWP of the EBMT.

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    In patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) of intermediate-risk (IR) in first remission (CR1) with no measurable residual disease (MRD negative), the choice of the best consolidation is questionable. 1122 adult patients from 196 centers, transplanted in 2010-21 were analyzed: 547 received an autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) and 575 a Haploidentical donor transplant. Because of a significant interaction, comparisons were done separately for patients with wild-type FLT3 (FLT3-wt) and FLT3-ITD mutation (FLT3-ITD). In FLT3-wt patients, haploidentical transplants had two year lower relapse incidence (RI) (16.9% versus 32.6%; HR‚ÄČ=‚ÄČ0.40, p‚ÄČ<‚ÄČ0.001), higher NRM higher (17.2% vs 3.5%; HR‚ÄČ=‚ÄČ7.02, p‚ÄČ<‚ÄČ0.001), similar LFS (65.9% vs 63.8%; p‚ÄČ=‚ÄČ0.37) and lower OS (73.2% vs 80.6%; HR‚ÄČ=‚ÄČ1.69, p‚ÄČ=‚ÄČ0.018). In FLT3-ITD patients, haploidentical transplants had two year lower RI (8.2% vs 47.8%; HR‚ÄČ=‚ÄČ0.14, p‚ÄČ<‚ÄČ0.001) higher NRM (20.2% vs 5.6%; HR‚ÄČ=‚ÄČ3.43, p‚ÄČ=‚ÄČ0.002), better LFS (71.5% vs 46.6%; HR‚ÄČ=‚ÄČ0.53, p‚ÄČ=‚ÄČ0.007) and similar OS (73.5% vs 61.9%; p‚ÄČ=‚ÄČ0.44). In IR AML patients with FLT3-wt in MRD negative CR1, autologous stem cell transplantation is a valid option, while in patients with FLT3-ITD, haploidentical transplant is better. Whether autologous transplantation is superior to chemotherapy in FLT3-wt patients and the role of maintenance therapy with FLT3 inhibitors remain to be studied

    Allogeneic stem cell transplantation using HLA-matched donors for acute myeloid leukemia with deletion 5q or monosomy 5 : a study from the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the EBMT

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    Deletion 5q or monosomy 5 (-5/5q-) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a common high-risk feature that is referred to allogeneic stem cell transplantation. However, -5/5q- is frequently associated with other high-risk cytogenetic aberrations such as complex karyotype, monosomal karyotype, monosomy 7 (-7), or 17p abnormalities (abn (17p)), the significance of which is unknown. In order to address this question, we studied adult patients with AML harboring -5/5q- having their first allogeneic transplantation between 2000 and 2015. Five hundred and one patients with -5/5q- have been analyzed. Three hundred and thirty-eight patients (67%) were in first remission and 142 (28%) had an active disease at time of allogeneic transplantation. The 2-year probabilities of overall survival and leukemia-free survival were 27% and 20%, respectively. The 2-year probability of treatment-related mortality was 20%. We identified four different cytogenetic groups according to additional abnormalities with prognostic impact: -5/5q- without complex karyotype, monosomal karyotype or abn(17p), -5/5q- within a complex karyotype, -5/5q- within a monosomal karyotype and the combination of -5/5q- with abn(17p). In multivariate analysis, factors associated with worse overall survival and leukemia-free survival across the four groups were active disease, age, monosomal karyotype, and abn(17p). The presence of -5/5q- without monosomal karyotype or abn(17p) was associated with a significantly better survival rate while -5/5q- in conjunction with monosomal karyotype or abn(17p) translated into a worse outcome. The patients harboring the combination of -5/5q- with abn(17p) showed very limited benefit from allogeneic transplantation.Peer reviewe

    Allogeneic stem cell transplantation benefits for patients >= 60 years with acute myeloid leukemia and FLT3 internal tandem duplication : a study from the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation

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    Intermediate-risk cytogenetic acute myeloid leukemia with an internal tandem duplication of FLT3 (FLT3-ITD) is associated with a high risk of relapse, and is now a standard indication for allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Nevertheless, most studies supporting this strategy have been performed in young patients. To address the benefit of allogeneic transplantation in the elderly, we made a selection from the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation registry of de novo intermediate-risk cytogenetic acute myeloid leukemia harboring FLT3-ITD in patients aged 60 or over and transplanted from a related or unrelated donor between January 2000 and December 2015. Two hundred and ninety-one patients were identified. Most patients received a reduced-intensity conditioning (82%), while donors consisted of an unrelated donor in 161 (55%) patients. Two hundred and twelve patients received their transplantation in first remission, 37 in second remission and 42 in a more advanced stage of the disease. The 2-year leukemia-free survival rate was 56% in patients in first remission, 22% in those in second remission and 10% in patients with active disease, respectively (P= 60 with FLT3-ITD acute myeloid leukemia in first remission, similarly to current treatment recommendations for younger patients.Peer reviewe

    Allogeneic haemopoietic transplantation for acute myeloid leukaemia in second complete remission: a registry report by the Acute Leukaemia Working Party of the EBMT

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    Allogeneic haemopoietic cell transplant (allo-HCT) may be curative in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) in second complete remission (CR2) but the impact of reduced intensity (RIC) versus myeloablative conditioning (MAC) is uncertain. The Acute Leukaemia Working Party of the European Society for Blood and Bone Marrow Transplantation Registry studied an AML CR2 cohort characterised by age‚ÄČ‚Č•‚ÄČ18‚ÄČyears, first allo-HCT 2007‚Äď2016, available cytogenetic profile at diagnosis, donors who were matched family, volunteer unrelated with HLA antigen match 10/10 or 9/10 or haplo-identical. The 1879 eligible patients included 1010 (54%) MAC allo-HCT recipients. In patient

    The impact of concomitant cytogenetic abnormalities on acute myeloid leukemia with monosomy 7 or deletion 7q after HLA-matched allogeneic stem cell transplantation

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    Monosomy 7 or deletion 7q (-7/7q-) is the most frequent adverse cytogenetic features reported in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and is a common indication for allogeneic stem cell transplantation (SCT). Nevertheless, -7/7q- occurs frequently with other high-risk cytogenetic abnormalities such as complex karyotype (CK), monosomal karyotype (MK), monosomy 5 or deletion 5q (-5/5q-), 17p abnormalities (abn(17p)) or inversion of chromosome 3 (inv(3)), the presence of which may influence the outcomes after SCT. A total of 1109 patients were allocated to this study. Two-year probability of leukemia-free survival (LFS) and overall survival (OS) were 30% and 36%, respectively. Two-year probability of non-relapse mortality (NRM) was 20%. We defined five different cytogenetic subgroups: the "-7/7q- +/- CK group- designated group1," the "MK group-designated group 2," the "-5/5q- group- designated group 3," the "abn(17p) group- designated group 4" and the "inv(3) group- designated group 5." The 2-year probability of LFS in first remission was 48% for group 1, 36.4% for group 2, 28.4% for group 3, 19.1% for group 4 and 17.3% for group 5, respectively (P <.001). Multivariate analysis confirmed those significant differences across groups. Note, SCT in -7/7q- AML provides durable responses in one third of the patients. The presence of -7/7q- with or without CK in the absence of MK, abn(17p) or inv (3) is associated with a better survival after SCT. On the contrary, addition of MK, -5/5q-, abn(17p) or inv(3) identifies a sub-group of patients with poor prognosis even after SCT.Peer reviewe

    Total body irradiation versus busulfan based intermediate intensity conditioning for stem cell transplantation in ALL patients >45 years ‚ÄĒ a registry-based study by the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the EBMT

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    Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation is a potentially curative treatment in high-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Conditioning regimens based on ‚Č•12 Gray total body irradiation (TBI) represent the current standard in patients ‚ȧ45 years, whereas elderly patients frequently receive intermediate intensity conditioning (IIC) to reduce toxicity. To evaluate the role of TBI as a backbone of IIC in ALL, a retrospective, registry-based study included patients >45 years transplanted from matched donors in first complete remission, who had received either fludarabine/TBI 8‚ÄČGy (FluTBI8, n‚ÄČ=‚ÄČ262), or the most popular, irradiation-free alternative fludarabine/busulfan, comprising busulfan 6.4‚ÄČmg/kg (FluBu6.4, n‚ÄČ=‚ÄČ188) or 9.6‚ÄČmg/kg (FluBu9.6, n‚ÄČ=‚ÄČ51). At two years, overall survival (OS) was 68.5%, 57%, and 62.2%, leukemia-free survival (LFS) was 58%, 42.7%, and 45%, relapse incidence (RI) was 27.2%, 40%, and 30.9%, and non-relapse-mortality (NRM) was 23.1%, 20.7%, and 26.8% for patients receiving FluTBI8Gy, FluBu6.4, and FluBu9.6, respectively. In multivariate analysis, the risk of NRM, acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease was not influenced by conditioning. However, RI was higher after FluBu6.4 (hazard ratio [HR] [95% CI]: 1.85 [1.16‚Äď2.95]), and LFS was lower after both FluBu6.4 (HR: 1.56 [1.09‚Äď2.23]) and FluBu9.6 (HR: 1.63 [1.02‚Äď2.58]) as compared to FluTBI8. Although only resulting in a non-significant advantage in OS, this observation indicates a stronger anti-leukemic efficacy of TBI-based intermediate intensity conditioning

    Organ complications after CD19 CAR T-cell therapy for large B cell lymphoma: a retrospective study from the EBMT transplant complications and lymphoma working party.

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    We investigated ‚Č• grade 3 (CTC-AE) organ toxicities for commercial CD19 chimeric antigen receptor T cell (CAR-T cell) products in 492 patients (Axi-Cel; n = 315; Tisa-Cel; n = 177) with Large B-cell Lymphoma in the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) CAR-T registry. The incidence of ‚Č• grade 3 organ toxicities during the first 100 days after CAR-T was low and the most frequent were: renal (3.0%), cardiac (2.3%), gastro-intestinal (2.3%) and hepatic (1.8%). The majority occurred within three weeks after CAR-T cell therapy. Overall survival was 83.1% [79.8-86.5; 95% CI] at 3 months and 53.5% [49-58.4; 95% CI] at one year after CAR-T. The most frequent cause of death was tumour progression (85.1%). Non-relapse mortality was 3.1% [2.3-4.1; 95% CI] at 3 months and 5.2% [4.1-6.5; 95% CI] at one year after CAR-T. The most frequent causes of non-relapse mortality were cell-therapy-related toxicities including organ toxicities (6.4% of total deaths) and infections (4.4% of total deaths). Our data demonstrates good safety in the European real-world setting

    Current incidence, severity, and management of veno-occlusive disease/sinusoidal obstruction syndrome in adult allogeneic HSCT recipients:an EBMT Transplant Complications Working Party study

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    The current incidence, diagnostic policy, management, and outcome of VOD/SOS at EBMT centers were studied. All centers that had performed allogeneic HSCTs in adult patients within one defined year were invited to the study. Seventy-one centers participated with a total of 2886 allogeneic transplantations and 93 cases of VOD/SOS in 2018. The cumulative incidence of VOD/SOS at day 21 was 1.8% and at day 100 2.4%. Of 67 cases with detailed data, 52 were classical and 15 (22%) late onset (&gt;day 21). According to the EBMT criteria, 65/67 patients had at least two VOD/SOS risk factors. The severity grades were: mild 0, moderate 3, severe 29, very severe 35. Fifty-four patients were treated with defibrotide. VOD/SOS resolved in 58% of the patients, 3/3 with moderate, 22/28 with severe, and 12/33 with very severe grade (p &lt; 0.001). By day 100, 57% of the patients were alive; 3/3 with moderate, 22/29 with severe, and 13/35 with very severe VOD/SOS (p = 0.002). In conclusion, the incidence of VOD/SOS was low. Severe and very severe grades dominated. Very severe grade predicted poor outcome compared to severe grade further supporting the concept of early diagnosis and treatment to avoid a dismal outcome. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]</p
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