1,333 research outputs found

    A Theory of BOT Concession Contracts

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    In this paper, we discuss the choice for build-operate-and-transfer (BOT) concessions when governments and …rm managers do not share the same information regarding the operation characteristics of a facility. We show that larger shadow costs of public funds and larger information asymmetries entice governments to choose BOT concessions. This result stems from a trade-o€ between the government’s shadow costs of …nancing the construction and the operation of the facility and the excessive usage price that the consumer may face during the concession period. The incentives to choose BOT concessions increase as a function of ex-ante informational asymmetries between governments and potential BOT concession holders and with the possibility of transferring the concession cost characteristics to public …rms at the termination of the concession.Public-private-partnership, privatization, adverse selection, regulation, natural monopoly, infrastructure, facilities

    Universitaires gaullistes ou gaullisme universitaire ? Réflexion sur les liens entre le monde académique et le pouvoir gaulliste entre 1958 et 1981

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    Réflexion sur la nature des liens entre le monde académique et monde politique gaulliste dans les années 1960

    L'histoire de l'enseignement supérieur français. Pour une approche globale

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    International audienceSince the 1970s, the contemporary period of the history of French higher education has been the subject of major French and foreign studies but has yet to benefi t from anywhere near as much research as the other levels of education. This article presents a critical panorama of research in this fi eld and proposes a typology by period for the contexts of production and the dominant thematics as well as considering the causes of this lesser interest. The presentation of current trends in research enables the author to suggest orientations in the areas which should be pursued in the coming years and lead her to advocate a global approach to the issue.L'histoire de l'enseignement supĂ©rieur français Ă  l'Ă©poque contemporaine a Ă©tĂ© l'objet, depuis les annĂ©es 1970, d'importants travaux français et Ă©trangers, mais elle est encore loin de susciter autant l'intĂ©rĂȘt que les autres ordres d'enseignement. Cet article prĂ©sente un panorama critique de la recherche en ce domaine et propose une pĂ©riodisation des contextes de production et des thĂ©matiques dominantes, tout en rĂ©flĂ©chissant aux causes de ce moindre intĂ©rĂȘt. La prĂ©sentation des chantiers en cours permet de suggĂ©rer des orientations pour les annĂ©es qui viennent et conduit Ă  prĂŽner une approche globale de la question

    Les enseignants-chercheurs : une évaluation centralisée. Du comité consultatif de l'enseignement supérieur au CNU (1873-1992)

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    National audienceCette article analyse l'évolution du dispositif central de gestion des carriÚres des universitaires en France, depuis la création des listes d'aptitude et du comité consultatif de l'enseignement supérieur publique dans les derniÚres décennies du XIXe siÚcle jusqu'à celle du Conseil national des universités entre 1987 et 1992

    France

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    International audienceHistory of the french community of historian academic

    Infrastructure and public utilities privatization in developing countries

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    The paper analyzes governments'tradeoff between fiscal benefits and consumer surplus in privatization reforms of noncompetitive industries in developing countries. Under privatization, the control rights are transferred to private interests so that public subsidies decline. This benefit for tax-payers comes at the cost of price increases for consumers. In developing countries, tight budget constraints imply that privatization may be optimal for low profitability segments. For highly profitable public utilities, the combination of allocative inefficiency and critical budgetary conditions may favor public ownership. Finally, once a market segment gives room for more than one firm, governments prefer to regulate the industry. In the absence of a credible regulatory agency, regulation is achieved through public ownership.Economic Theory&Research,Public Sector Economics&Finance,Privatization,Markets and Market Access,State Owned Enterprise Reform

    A histĂłria do ensino superior francĂȘs. Por uma abordagem global

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    Version portugaise de l'article paru dans Histoire de l'Ă©ducation, n° 122, 2009.International audienceSince the 1970s, the contemporary period of the history of French higher education has been the subject of major French and foreign studies but has yet to benefi t from anywhere near as much research as the other levels of education. This article presents a critical panorama of research in this fi eld and proposes a typology by period for the contexts of production and the dominant thematics as well as considering the causes of this lesser interest. The presentation of current trends in research enables the author to suggest orientations in the areas which should be pursued in the coming years and lead her to advocate a global approach to the issueA história do Ensino Superior francês contemporâneo foi objeto, desde os anos 1970, de importantes trabalhos franceses e estrangeiros, mas está ainda longe de suscitar tanto interesse quanto outros segmentos do ensino. Este artigo apresenta um panorama crítico da pesquisa nesta área e propõe uma periodização dos contextos de produção e das temáticas dominantes, ao mesmo tempo em que reflete acerca das causas deste pequeno interesse. A apresentação dos estudos em curso permite sugerir as orientações para os próximos anos e conduz ao desenvolvimento de uma abordagem global da questã
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