698 research outputs found

### Weak Pion Production off the Nucleon

We develop a model for the weak pion production off the nucleon, which
besides the Delta pole mechanism (weak excitation of the $\Delta(1232)$
resonance and its subsequent decay into $N\pi$), includes also some background
terms required by chiral symmetry. We re-fit the $C_5^A(q^2)$ form factor to
the flux averaged $\nu_\mu p \to \mu^-p\pi^+$ ANL $q^2-$differential cross
section data, finding a substantially smaller contribution of the Delta pole
mechanism than traditionally assumed in the literature. Within this scheme, we
calculate several differential and integrated cross sections, including pion
angular distributions, induced by neutrinos and antineutrinos and driven both
by charged and neutral currents. In all cases we find that the background terms
produce quite significant effects and that they lead to an overall improved
description of the data, as compared to the case where only the Delta pole
mechanism is considered. We also show that the interference between the Delta
pole and the background terms produces parity-violating contributions to the
pion angular differential cross section, which are intimately linked to $T-$odd
correlations in the contraction between the leptonic and hadronic tensors.
However, these latter correlations do not imply a genuine violation of time
reversal invariance because of the existence of strong final state interaction
effects.Comment: Typos corrected; comments adde

### MEMPHYS:A large scale water Cerenkov detector at Fr\'ejus

A water \v{C}erenkov detector project, of megaton scale, to be installed in
the Fr\'ejus underground site and dedicated to nucleon decay, neutrinos from
supernovae, solar and atmospheric neutrinos, as well as neutrinos from a
super-beam and/or a beta-beam coming from CERN, is presented and compared with
competitor projects in Japan and in the USA. The performances of the European
project are discussed, including the possibility to measure the mixing angle
$\theta_{13}$ and the CP-violating phase $\delta$.Comment: 1+33 pages, 14 figures, Expression of Interest of MEMPHYS projec

### Energy resolution of alpha particles in a microbulk Micromegas detector at high pressure Argon and Xenon mixtures

The latest Micromesh Gas Amplification Structures (Micromegas) are achieving
outstanding energy resolution for low energy photons, with values as low as 11%
FWHM for the 5.9 keV line of $^{55}$Fe in argon/isobutane mixtures at
atmospheric pressure. At higher energies (MeV scale), these measurements are
more complicated due to the difficulty in confining the events in the chamber,
although there is no fundamental reason why resolutions of 1% FWHM or below
could not be reached. There is much motivation to demonstrate experimentally
this fact in Xe mixtures due to the possible application of Micromegas readouts
to the Double Beta Decay search of $^{136}$Xe, or in other experiments needing
calorimetry and topology in the same detector. In this paper, we report on
systematic measurements of energy resolution with state-of-the-art Micromegas
using a 5.5 MeV alpha source in high pressure Ar/isobutane mixtures. Values as
low as 1.8% FWHM have been obtained, with possible evidence that better
resolutions are achievable. Similar measurements in Xe, of which a preliminary
result is also shown here, are under progress.Comment: 16 pages, 19 figures, version after referees comments. Accepted for
publication in Nuclear Instruments and Methods

### Micromegas in a Bulk

In this paper we present a novel way to manufacture the bulk Micromegas
detector. A simple process based on the PCB (Printed Circuit Board) technology
is employed to produce the entire sensitive detector. Such fabrication process
could be extended to very large area detectors made by the industry. The low
cost fabrication together with the robustness of the electrode materials will
make it extremely attractive for several applications ranging from particle
physics and astrophysics to medicineComment: 6 pages, 4 figure

### Resonance production by neutrinos: I. J=3/2 Resonances

The article contains general formulas for the production of J=3/2 resonances
by neutrinos and antineutrinos. It specializes to the P_{33}(1232) resonance
whose form factors are determined by theory and experiment and then are
compared with experimental results at low and high energies. It is shown that
the minimum in the low Q^2 region is a consequence of a combined effect from
the vanishing of the vector form factors, the muon mass and Pauli blocking.
Several improvements for the future investigations are suggested.Comment: 10 pages, LaTeX, misprints corrected, 1 reference adde

### Yukawa potentials in systems with partial periodic boundary conditions I : Ewald sums for quasi-two dimensional systems

Yukawa potentials are often used as effective potentials for systems as
colloids, plasmas, etc. When the Debye screening length is large, the Yukawa
potential tends to the non-screened Coulomb potential ; in this small screening
limit, or Coulomb limit, the potential is long ranged. As it is well known in
computer simulation, a simple truncation of the long ranged potential and the
minimum image convention are insufficient to obtain accurate numerical data on
systems. The Ewald method for bulk systems, i.e. with periodic boundary
conditions in all three directions of the space, has already been derived for
Yukawa potential [cf. Y., Rosenfeld, {\it Mol. Phys.}, \bm{88}, 1357, (1996)
and G., Salin and J.-M., Caillol, {\it J. Chem. Phys.}, \bm{113}, 10459,
(2000)], but for systems with partial periodic boundary conditions, the Ewald
sums have only recently been obtained [M., Mazars, {\it J. Chem. Phys.}, {\bf
126}, 056101 (2007)]. In this paper, we provide a closed derivation of the
Ewald sums for Yukawa potentials in systems with periodic boundary conditions
in only two directions and for any value of the Debye length. A special
attention is paid to the Coulomb limit and its relation with the
electroneutrality of systems.Comment: 40 pages, 5 figures and 4 table

### Wave Number of Maximal Growth in Viscous Magnetic Fluids of Arbitrary Depth

An analytical method within the frame of linear stability theory is presented
for the normal field instability in magnetic fluids. It allows to calculate the
maximal growth rate and the corresponding wave number for any combination of
thickness and viscosity of the fluid. Applying this method to magnetic fluids
of finite depth, these results are quantitatively compared to the wave number
of the transient pattern observed experimentally after a jump--like increase of
the field. The wave number grows linearly with increasing induction where the
theoretical and the experimental data agree well. Thereby a long-standing
controversy about the behaviour of the wave number above the critical magnetic
field is tackled.Comment: 19 pages, 15 figures, RevTex; revised version with a new figure and
references added. submitted to Phys Rev

### DEMOCRATIC TRANSITION AND REFLECTION ON INDONESIA'S EFFORTS TO ENCOURAGE DEMOCRATIZATION IN MYANMAR

This paper aims to analyze the motives and forms of Indonesia’s effort towards Myanmar in promoting democratization. To achieve these objectives, described the historical aspects of Indonesia-Myanmar relations, democratic transition in both countries, and other forms of Indonesian support for Myanmar in encouraging democratization. Qualitative methods is used in this study to collect and analyze data from interviews and literature studies. Based on this research, found that Indonesia's support for Myanmar in encouraging democratization was influenced by the historical aspects of bilateral relations between Indonesia and Myanmar, the success of Indonesia's transition to democracy, and the similarities of socio-cultural characteristics in both countries. Indonesia's foreign policy towards Myanmar in supporting democratization is done bilaterally, regionally within ASEAN, and multilaterally within UN forums. The principle of active and independent foreign policy and ASEAN norms become the guidance for Indonesia in supporting democratization of Myanmar

### Time-dependent density-functional theory approach to nonlinear particle-solid interactions in comparison with scattering theory

An explicit expression for the quadratic density-response function of a
many-electron system is obtained in the framework of the time-dependent
density-functional theory, in terms of the linear and quadratic
density-response functions of noninteracting Kohn-Sham electrons and functional
derivatives of the time-dependent exchange-correlation potential. This is used
to evaluate the quadratic stopping power of a homogeneous electron gas for slow
ions, which is demonstrated to be equivalent to that obtained up to second
order in the ion charge in the framework of a fully nonlinear scattering
approach. Numerical calculations are reported, thereby exploring the range of
validity of quadratic-response theory.Comment: 14 pages, 3 figures. To appear in Journal of Physics: Condensed
Matte

### Nonlinear interaction of charged particles with a free electron gas beyond the random-phase approximation

A nonlinear description of the interaction of charged particles penetrating a
solid has become of basic importance in the interpretation of a variety of
physical phenomena. Here we develop a many-body theoretical approach to the
quadratic decay rate, energy loss, and wake potential of charged particles
moving in an interacting free electron gas. Explicit expressions for these
quantities are obtained either within the random-phase approximation (RPA) or
with full inclusion of short-range exchange and correlation effects. The Z^3
correction to the energy loss of ions is evaluated beyond RPA, in the limit of
low velocities.Comment: 5 pages, 2 figures To appear in Phys. Rev.

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