77 research outputs found

    Defective Angiogenesis in the Inflammatory Granulation Tissue in Histidine Decarboxylase–deficient Mice but not in Mast Cell–deficient Mice

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    We have analyzed the role of histamine in the angiogenesis of the granulation tissue in histidine decarboxylase–deficient (HDC−/−) mice, mast cell–deficient mice (WBB6F1-W/WV), and their corresponding wild-type mice (HDC+/+ and WBB6F1+/+). In HDC+/+ mice, subcutaneous implantation of a cotton thread in the dorsum induced granulation tissue formation with angiogenesis, while the topical injection of antivascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) IgG strongly suppressed them. In HDC−/− mice which showed lower VEGF levels in the granulation tissue, there was notably less angiogenesis and granulation tissue formation than in HDC+/+ mice. The topical injection of histamine or the H2 agonist dimaprit rescued the defective angiogenesis and granulation tissue formation in HDC−/− mice. There was no significant difference in the granulation tissue formation and angiogenesis between WBB6F1-W/WV and WBB6F1+/+ mice. In addition, macrophages in the granulation tissue were found to express HDC. Our findings indicate that histamine derived from nonmast cells plays a significant role in the angiogenesis of the inflammatory granulation tissue

    Expression of Histidine Decarboxylase and Its Roles in Inflammation

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    Histamine is a well-known mediator of inflammation that is released from mast cells and basophils. To date, many studies using histamine receptor antagonists have shown that histamine acts through four types of receptors: H1, H2, H3, and H4. Thus, histamine plays more roles in various diseases than had been predicted. However, our knowledge about histamine-producing cells and the molecular mechanisms underlying histamine production at inflammatory sites is still incomplete. The histamine producing enzyme, histidine decarboxylase (HDC), is commonly induced at inflammatory sites during the late and chronic phases of both allergic and non-allergic inflammation. Thus, histamine levels in tissues are maintained at effective concentrations for hours, enabling the regulation of various functions through the production of cytokines/chemokines/growth factors. Understanding the regulation of histamine production will allow the development of a new strategy of using histamine antagonists to treat inflammatory diseases

    Assessment of the release of nickel from biomaterials in vivo and in vitro: enhancement by lipopolysaccharide

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    The Role of Histamine H1 and H4 Receptors in Atopic Dermatitis: From Basic Research to Clinical Study

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    Histamine plays important roles in inflammation and nervous irritability in allergic disorders, including atopic dermatitis (AD). It has been shown to regulate the expression of pruritic factors, such as nerve growth factor and semaphorin 3A, in skin keratinocytes via histamine H1 receptor (H1R). Furthermore, H1R antagonist reduced the level of IL-31, a cytokine involving the skin barrier and pruritus, in chronic dermatitis lesions in NC/Nga mice and patients with AD. Histamine plays roles in the induction of allergic inflammation by activating eosinophils, mast cells, basophils, and Th2 cells via histamine H4 receptor (H4R). H4R, in addition to H1R, is expressed on sensory neurons, and a decrease in scratching behaviors was observed in H4R-deficient mice and mice treated with a H4R antagonist. We found that the combined administration of H1R and H4R antagonists inhibited the itch response and chronic allergic inflammation, and had a pharmacological effect similar to that of prednisolone. Although the oral administration of H1R antagonists is widely used to treat AD, it is not very effective. In contrast, JNJ39758979, a novel H4R antagonist, had marked effects against pruritus in Japanese patients with AD in a phase II clinical trial. Next generation antihistaminic agents possessing H1R and H4R antagonistic actions may be a potent therapeutic drug for AD

    Grifola frondosa

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