291 research outputs found

    The Regional Dimension of the Distribution and Effects of Public Incentives Directed towards Innovation of Firms

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    This study is based on the recent vision that the innovative activity is a territorial phenomenon which is enhanced by the cooperation between actors and local infrastructures. The aim of this study is to determine whether the specific economic and institutional conditions of a region have an influence on the results of a national policy intended to support entrepreneurial innovation. The analysis is directed towards comparing the effect of this policy between firms located in Madrid, Catalonia and the Basque country, regions which concentrate around 70% of Spain’s innovative activity. The type of analysis undertaken allows to approach a situation which lies close to solving two of the most important methodological problems which arise when the evaluation of innovation policies is put into practice: the lack of control over the aid distribution process, and the non-estimation of a counterfactual state (the scenario without public support). The results of this study allow to conclude that the region plays an important differentiating role in the final result of the national innovation policy. Therefore, this study recommends to include the localization of the firm in future evaluations

    Individual creativity performance and the quality of interpersonal relationships

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    [EN] Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to analyze how the exchanges that employees maintain with their immediate superior and with their work group influence the creativity that they manifest. Design/methodology/approach: A study was carried out among employees of a firm from the automotive sector. On the basis of previous works, the authors first built reliable multi‚Äźitem scales for each variable included in the model; then, a multiple regression analysis was conducted to ascertain the causal effect of those exchanges upon creativity. Findings: The findings reveal that high‚Äźquality exchanges between the employee and their work group and, to a lesser extent, their immediate superior, have a significant positive influence on their creative behavior. Practical implications: All this underlines the importance of the composition of work groups for achieving the team environment necessary for creative production. Originality/value: This paper provides new evidence about a still unexplored topic, trying to bridge the existing gap in the literature about the influence of leadership and group behavior on creativitySIMinisterio de Ciencia e Innovaci√≥

    Does international patent collaboration have an effect on entrepreneurship?

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    .Entrepreneurship is one of the main pillars of growth in any economy. Achieving a high rate of entrepreneurship in a region has become the priority objective of governments and firms. However, in many cases, new firm creation is conditioned by relations or collaboration in innovation with agents from other countries. Previous literature has analyzed the mechanisms that foster entrepreneurship. This paper attempts to shed light on the influence of international patent collaboration (IPC) on entrepreneurial activity at country level taking into account the timing of this relationship. An empirical study is proposed to verify whether IPC leads to greater entrepreneurship and to analyze the gestation period between international patenting actions and firm creation. Using the Generalized Method of Moments, the two hypotheses proposed were tested in a data panel of 30 countries for the period 2005‚Äď2017. Results show the influence of IPC in promoting entrepreneurship in the same year, but especially in the following year. The study offers implications for entrepreneurs and public agents. IPC affects the integration and interaction of international agents in a country, favors the production of new knowledge, and increases positive externalities in a territory. All this facilitates the creation of new companies with a high innovative component.S

    La difusión de las prácticas de responsabilidad social en las empresas multinacionales

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    Este artículo se centra en el estudio de la dimensión internacional de la responsabilidad social corporativa (RSC). Se estudia el proceso de difusión que han experimentado las prácticas de RSC en el plano internacional, se identifican distintas concepciones de RSC y se analizan sus efectos sobre la eficiencia. Adicionalmente, se analizan los problemas específicos que plantea a las empresas multinacionales la adopción de criterios socialmente responsables

    Mobility of public researchers, scientific knowledge transfer, and the firm's innovation process

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    The present study provides evidence on the mobility effects of researchers from the public R&D system with regard to firm¬īs innovation process. This issue is particularly novel and important as these researchers contribute to the production and transfer of knowledge previously developed and accumulated in the public R&D system. The findings confirm that scientific knowledge which public researchers provide has a positive influence on both inputs and outputs of the firms‚Äô innovation process. The fact that firms have access to additional knowledge which is complementary to that they already hold represents a spur for exploiting and applying this new knowledge. The firms in this study continually increased their in-house R&D investments. As a result of these investments firms create new knowledge of a unique and valuable type. The study draws two important conclusions geared to providing a greater efficiency in human resource management and to improve the design of technology policies

    Do Board Gender Diversity and Director Typology Impact CSR Reporting?

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    [EN] By studying female directors and their typology, this paper contributes to the empirical evidence relating to boardgender diversity and the disclosure of corporate social responsibility (CSR) information. An ordered random effectprobit model was applied to a panel of Spanish non-financial and non-insurance listed firms over the 2009‚Äď2013period. The analyses revealed that a higher percentage of women in boardrooms and in groups of outside andindependent directors imply better CSR disclosure. These results hold for corporations with a critical mass of threewomen on the board and among outside directorsSIThe authors acknowledge the funding received from theProject ECO2012-35439 from the Ministerio deEconom√≠a y Competitividad of Spain and the ProjectULE2014-1 from the University of Le√≥n (Spain). Theyalso acknowledge funding from project ECO 2012-36532

    Independent directors' background and CSR disclosure

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    [EN] This paper extends research on how the background of independent directors mayaffect the way in which their companies disclose information about corporate socialresponsibility (CSR). Using a sample of 83 Spanish‚Äźlisted firms over the period2009‚Äď2014, the findings of a random effects probit model suggest that, in additionto board independence, having independent directors with political backgroundsand diverse education has a positive impact on their firm's probability of issuing aCSR report following the standards of the Global Reporting Initiative.SIWe acknowledge funding received from the Ministerio de Econom√≠a yCompetitividad of Spain (projects ECO2015‚Äź63880‚ÄźR and ECO 2015‚Äź69058‚ÄźR) and the University of Le√≥n (Spain) (project ULE2014‚Äź1

    Ambigedad causal, pr cticas de recursos humanos de alto compromiso y resultados empresariales

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    El enfoque basado en los recursos (EBR) (resource-based view RBV) sugiere que las empresas conseguir¬†n y mantendr¬†n en el tiempo una posici¬Ęn de ventaja competitiva solamente si sus recursos son inimitables. Es por ello, que la protecci¬Ęn frente a la imitaci¬Ęn se convierte en un aspecto clave para las empresas de hoy en d¬°a. Tradicionalmente, se ha reconocido en la literatura que existe una relaci¬Ęn positiva entre el nivel de protecci¬Ęn de las competencias y la existencia de ambigedad causal. Sin embargo, algunos estudios recientes apuntan, en contra de este supuesto, que la existencia de dicha ambigedad en el seno de las empresas impide la transferencia de competencias en el interior de las organizaciones, lo que dificulta la consecuci¬Ęn de altos resultados. El primer objetivo de esta investigaci¬Ęn es analizar ambas corrientes con el fin ¬£ltimo de establecer cu¬†l es la influencia neta que ejerce la ambigedad causal sobre los rendimientos corporativos. El segundo, analizar c¬Ęmo las pr¬†cticas de recursos humanos de alto compromiso o alta participaci¬Ęn pueden contribuir a resolver este debate. Para ello, se propone un conjunto de hip¬Ętesis que ser¬†n contrastadas en una muestra de 258 empresas manufactureras espa¬§olas. The resource-based view (RBV) predicts that firms will achieve and sustain a position of competitive advantage over time only if their resources and capabilities are difficult to imitate. Traditionally, it has been recognised that causal ambiguity, by making it difficult for competitors to identify the capabilities on which a particular firm bases its competitive advantage, represents an effective protection mechanism helping the firm to obtain superior performance. Recently, researchers have unearthed evidence that the effects of causal ambiguity also could be extend to the interior of the firm itself, hampering the diffusion of its own capabilities among its managers. In this case, the existence of causal ambiguity will have a negative impact on firm performance. In this paper we study both effects using a sample of 258 Spanish manufacturing firms, and we show that causal ambiguity exerts a doubleedged influence on firm performance. On the positive side, in its effect on the firm?s competitors, and on the negative, in its effect on the firm?s managers, with this second effect being stronger.Ambigedad causal, imitaci¬Ęn, transferencia de competencias, pr¬†cticas de recursos humanos de alto compromiso. Causal ambiguity, imitation, transfer of competencies.

    Complexity in biological organization: deconstruction (and subsequent restating) of key concepts

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    The "magic" word complexity evokes a multitude of meanings that obscure its real sense. Here we try and generate a bottom-up reconstruction of the deep sense of complexity by looking at the convergence of different features shared by complex systems. We specifically focus on complexity in biology but stressing the similarities with analogous features encountered in inanimate and artefactual systems in order to track an integrative path toward a new "mainstream" of science overcoming the actual fragmentation of scientific culture
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