8 research outputs found

    Preclinical evaluation of pentagamavunone-1 as monotherapy and combination therapy for pancreatic cancer in multiple xenograft models

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    Abstract We previously reported that pentagamavunone-1 (PGV-1) effectively inhibited cell proliferation in many types of human tumors, including pancreatic cancer, by inducing M phase (prometaphase) arrest, senescence, and apoptosis with few side effects. However, a detailed evaluation of the effects of PGV-1 on pancreatic cancer cells in an in vivo setting has not yet been conducted. The present study investigated the potential efficacy of PGV-1 as both monotherapy and combination therapy for pancreatic cancer using multiple xenograft mouse assays. A cell-line derived xenograft model (CDX-M) with pancreatic cancer cell line and a patient-derived xenograft mouse model (PDX-M) using resected pancreatic cancer samples without neoadjuvant chemotherapy were established in both heterotopic and orthotopic manners. PGV-1 effectively suppressed tumor formation at the heterotopic and orthotopic sites in CDX-M than in untreated mice. Combination therapy with PGV-1 and gemcitabine more effectively suppressed tumor formation than monotherapy with PGV-1 or gemcitabine when administered after tumor formation. Monotherapy with PGV-1 or gemcitabine less effectively suppressed tumor formation in PDX-M than in CDX-M, whereas combination therapy with PGV-1 and gemcitabine more effectively suppressed tumor formation. PGV-1 as monotherapy and combination therapy with gemcitabine effectively inhibited tumor formation and has potential as an anticancer candidate for pancreatic cancer

    Curcumin targets multiple enzymes involved in the ROS metabolic pathway to suppress tumor cell growth

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    Abstract Curcumin has been reported to exhibit anti-tumorigenic activity; however, since its precise actions remain unclear, its effects are considered to be deceptive. In the present study, we confirmed the anti-tumorigenic effects of curcumin on CML-derived leukemic cells in a xenograft model and in vitro culture system. In vitro pull-down and mass analyses revealed a series of enzymes (carbonyl reductase, glutathione-S-transferase, glyoxalase, etc.) that function in a reactive oxygen species (ROS) metabolic pathway as curcumin-binding targets, the expression of which was up-regulated in human leukemia. Curcumin increased ROS levels over the threshold in leukemic cells, and the antioxidant, glutathione (GSH) and overexpression of curcumin-binding enzymes partially mitigated the up-regulation of ROS and growth inhibition caused by curcumin. These results show that curcumin specifically inhibits tumor growth by increasing ROS levels over the threshold through the miscellaneous inhibition of ROS metabolic enzymes. Curcumin has potential in therapy to regulate ROS levels in tumor cells, thereby controlling tumor growth

    Pentagamavunone-1 inhibits aggressive breast cancer cell proliferation through mitotic catastrophe and ROS-mediated activities: in vitro and in vivo studies

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    Pentagamavunone-1 (PGV-1), an analog of curcumin, has been studied for its cytotoxic effects in 4T1, MCF7, MCF7/HER2, and T47D breast cancer cells. Its antiproliferative effect is partly mediated through G2/M arrest; however, its molecular mechanism during cell cycle progression remains unknown. In this study, we aimed to determine whether PGV-1 has any anticancer effects on highly aggressive breast cancer cells, with a focus on cell cycle regulatory activity, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, and their mediated effects on cancer cells. MDA-MB-231 (triple-negative) and HCC1954 (overexpressed HER2) immortalized human breast cancer cells were used in the study. PGV-1 exhibited cytotoxic activity with an irreversible antiproliferative impact on treated cells and had good selectivity when tested in fibroblast cells. Oral PGV-1 administration suppressed tumor growth in a cell-derived xenograft mouse model. PGV-1 induced the phosphorylation of Aurora A kinase and PLK1 in MDA-MB-231 cells, while PLK1 and cyclin B1 phosphorylation were enhanced in the PGV-1-treated HCC1954 cells during prometaphase arrest. Intracellular ROS production was substantially higher upon PGV-1 treatment following mitotic arrest, and this activity caused impairment of mitochondrial respiration, induced senescence, and subsequently triggered early-to-late apoptosis. Collectively, these results suggest that the molecular mechanism of PGV-1 involves the regulation of mitotic kinases to cause cell cycle arrest and the enhancement of ROS production to impair mitochondrial activity and induce cellular senescence. The therapeutic activities demonstrated by PGV-1 in this study show its potential as an appealing candidate for chemotherapy in breast cancer treatment

    Pentagamavunon-1 (PGV-1) inhibits ROS metabolic enzymes and suppresses tumor cell growth by inducing M phase (prometaphase) arrest and cell senescence

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    We previously showed that curcumin, a phytopolyphenol found in turmeric (Curcuma longa), targets a series of enzymes in the ROS metabolic pathway, induces irreversible growth arrest, and causes apoptosis. In this study, we tested Pentagamavunon-1 (PGV-1), a molecule related to curcumin, for its inhibitory activity on tumor cells in vitro and in vivo. PGV-1 exhibited 60 times lower GI50 compared to that of curcumin in K562 cells, and inhibited the proliferation of cell lines derived from leukemia, breast adenocarcinoma, cervical cancer, uterine cancer, and pancreatic cancer. The inhibition of growth by PGV-1 remained after its removal from the medium, which suggests that PGV-1 irreversibly prevents proliferation. PGV-1 specifically induced prometaphase arrest in the M phase of the cell cycle, and efficiently induced cell senescence and cell death by increasing intracellular ROS levels through inhibition of ROS-metabolic enzymes. In a xenograft mouse model, PGV-1 had marked anti-tumor activity with little side effects by oral administration, whereas curcumin rarely inhibited tumor formation by this administration. Therefore, PGV-1 is a potential therapeutic to induce tumor cell apoptosis with few side effects and low risk of relapse

    Curcumin Derivatives Verify the Essentiality of ROS Upregulation in Tumor Suppression

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    Background: Curcumin has been shown to exert pleiotropic biological effects, including anti-tumorigenic activity. We previously showed that curcumin controls reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels through the ROS metabolic enzymes, to prevent tumor cell growth. In this study, we synthesized 39 novel curcumin derivatives and examined their anti-proliferative and anti-tumorigenic properties. Methods and Results: Thirty-nine derivatives exhibited anti-proliferative activity toward human cancer cell lines, including CML-derived K562 leukemic cells, in a manner sensitive to an antioxidant, N-acetyl-cysteine (NAC). Some compounds exhibited lower GI50 values than curcumin, some efficiently induced cell senescence, and others markedly increased ROS levels, efficiently induced cell death and suppressed tumor formation in a xenograft mouse model, without any detectable side effects. A clustering analysis of the selected compounds and their measurement variables revealed that anti-tumorigenic activity was most well-correlated with an increase in ROS levels. Pulldown assays and a molecular docking analysis showed that curcumin derivatives competed with co-enzymes to bind to the respective ROS metabolic enzymes and inhibited their enzymatic activities. Conclusions: The analysis of novel curcumin derivatives established the importance of ROS upregulation in suppression of tumorigenesis, and these compounds are potentially useful for the development of an anti-cancer drug with few side effects