14,583 research outputs found

    The Atomic Testing Museum, Las Vegas, Nevada

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    The Atomic Testing Museum attempts to interpret history that has barely ended. The controversy and emotion that surround nuclear weapons remain fresh in many Americans‘ minds. The museum must walk a careful line when interpreting such recent history. Few other American history museums offer interpretation of the Cold War, and certainly, the Atomic Testing Museum stands as the sole museum dedicated to atomic testing. As years go by, and the memory of the mushroom cloud floating on the Nevada desert fades, the museum may feel more comfortable in providing a balanced narrative on atomic testing. For now, as retired Cold Warriors from the Nevada Test Site hold the interpretive keys, the museum offers a narrow, one-sided approach to an important topic in American history

    The Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina and Article 51: Inherent Rights and Unmet Responsibilities

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    This Note argues that the Security Council has not met its responsibility to restore international peace and security in Bosnia, and that it therefore must rescind Resolution 713 as it pertains to Bosnia. Part I provides a background of the events surrounding the outbreak of conflict in Bosnia, and introduces the standard by which the United Nations may preempt a member state\u27s right to self-defense. Part I also presents the international human rights documents that are relevant to the conflict. Part II examines U.N. attempts to restore international peace and security in Bosnia. Part III argues that the continuation of massive human rights violations necessitates that the United Nations either immediately and effectively implement its resolutions, or lift the arms embargo and permit Bosnia to exercise its Article 51 right to self-defense. This Note concludes that the Security Council\u27s failure to restore international peace and security and to satisfy the Article 51 criteria for terminating a member state\u27s right to self-defense undermines the ability of the United Nations to respond to future conflicts

    Temporary labour migration for victims of natural disasters: the Columbia-Spain model

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    Environmental degradation is increasingly causing large-scale migration. This paper looks into international labour migration as a strategy to adapt to a changing environment. Facilitating legal migration for persons affected by environmental degradation can prevent them from being forcibly displaced, can reduce their vulnerability to future environmental disruptions, and can contribute to the development of vulnerable communities. This paper analyses how ‘environmental migration’ could be facilitated, through a case study of the Colombian Temporary and Circular Labour Migration project. Through this innovative migration model, based on an agreement between Colombia and Spain, Colombians facing recurring natural disasters, are offered a livelihood alternative through temporary work abroad, while affected zones can recuperate. This programme, supported by the IOM, illustrates how a European member State can enable vulnerable people to migrate overseas by providing labour migration opportunities for selected beneficiaries. By supporting migrants in maximizing the impact of remittances on the recovery of their place of origin, the TCLM programme increases their resilience to natural disasters, and offers them an alternative to permanent and/or urban migration. The paper discusses the normative framework supporting the TCLM programme, and identifies some conditions for the replication of the programme in other states. The potential of the project for both development and adaptation to environmental changes is being considered

    Reflections on Multiple Perspective Problem Framing

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    The researchers have developed a system of value innovation modelling founded on the application of a multiple perspective problem framing theory (English 2008). This approach has been used to map the attributes of 43 businesses in order to reveal untapped value in these organisations, as described in a previous paper (2010). The system considers both the attributes of a company and the experience of the researchers as parameters in a design problem. This paper aims to show how the process can reveal value by taking the reader through a step-by-step guide, incorporating case studies to demonstrate the relationship between concepts and the development of the researcher’s awareness. An integrated mapping activity provides a clear overview of the company and describes relationships between technology, intellectual property and commercialisation. This mapping process is used to reveal patterns and disharmonies, enabling the researchers to identify gaps and make connections that can lead to new business opportunities. This paper describes the mapping process in detail and the researchers reflect on the way that insights have been revealed through their development of new perspectives on each company