90 research outputs found

    La société sans répit

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    Pourquoi sommes-nous si avides de mobilitĂ© et de changement ? Pourquoi le repos est-il perçu comme illĂ©gitime et la surcharge de travail, la norme ? Pourquoi nous appelle-t-on constamment Ă  ĂȘtre autonomes et proactifs ? Pourquoi la politique, la pĂ©dagogie, la justice ou le management se trouvent-ils valorisĂ©s par l’ajout du terme « participatif » ? Pourquoi la flexibilitĂ© et l’adaptabilitĂ© sont-elles Ă©rigĂ©es en vertus cardinales ? Pourquoi les frontiĂšres font-elles partout l’objet de luttes, que l’on veuille les abattre ou les fortifier ? Cet ouvrage sonde nos reprĂ©sentations de l’espace, du temps et de la mobilitĂ©, pour rĂ©vĂ©ler l’ampleur du bouleversement de notre rapport au monde qu’elles produisent. Il en rĂ©sulte l’émergence d’un « idĂ©al mobilitaire », fondĂ© sur une valorisation de la mobilitĂ© pour elle-mĂȘme, et articulĂ© en quatre impĂ©ratifs : activitĂ©, activation, participation et adaptation. Bien au-delĂ  du domaine des dĂ©placements physiques, cette injonction Ă  la mobilitĂ© Ă©tend son emprise sur la famille, le travail, les territoires nationaux, les genres, les sexes ou encore la prison, les redĂ©finissant profondĂ©ment. Ce volume propose non seulement des clĂ©s pour mieux comprendre les reprĂ©sentations de la mobilitĂ© et les normes sociales qui en dĂ©coulent, mais Ă©galement une grille d’analyse Ă©largissant considĂ©rablement le champ des Ă©tudes de la mobilitĂ©

    Mobilité, histoire et émergence d'un concept en sociolinguistique

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    International audienceFigurehead of the Western understanding of a globalized world, the concept of mobility is also largely exploited in various theoretical paradigms of the humanities and social sciences. With the discourse held on this topic in their own field as a starting point, the authors, sociolinguists, chart the complete profile of this notion. The first chapter reports on the reapproprating of this concept originally derived from humanities – mainly geography – without reconceptualization. Furthermore, it also describes the term MOBILITY as an implicit assumption rather than a real discourse object, when it is imbedded in the discourse in non-topical positions. The second chapter is dedicated to the research of the conceptual advent of MOBILITY in social discourse, through the study of more general discourse-based uses; this research is made possible through the Frantext corpus, an online-accessible textual database of literary and historical and contemporary written media data.As much as it remains elusive in language sciences, the concept of mobility as a strong foothold in the humanities. The emergence of the concept in human geography and sociology (but also found in anthropology and political sciences), starting from physical space and its concrete exploration, is the topic of the third chapter.Chapter four returns to the works of sociolinguists who, more often than not, contribute to echo the injunction to mobility observed throughout the social world by adopting mobility as central study object without ensuring a substantial conceptualization, but who nonetheless attempt to create new theoretical paradigms. This posture also contributes to distinguishing a North American tradition from a European approach, and to transcend grammar (the linguistic study of a self-contained system), by bringing the language sciences closer to social sciences and humanities. The fifth and last chapter of this book proposes a conceptualization of mobility specific to our field, sociolinguistics, that is respectful both of the interdisciplinary kinships and of the study objects that sociolinguists have directed their attention towards for over half a century. The concrete propositions laid out in this chapter aim at rendering mobility operational to language sciences, by putting it at the center of a practice of linguistics which considers languages and the discourses that express them as fundamentally dynamic entities part of a complex system. The originality of this publication in part lies in the fact that, to delve into the observations and propositions listed above, the authors have invited researchers from adjacent fields such as sociology and philosophy (Ch. Mincke, J.-F. Dupeyron, C. De Gourcy) to shed light on the notion through study objects pertinaing to their field (criminology, education, and immigration).Evidence of this primary human process which consists in constructing our abstract representations from the perceptible space surrounding us, the scope of our book is an invitation to understand mobility as a construction of a “home” within language, far beyond liberal ideologies.Figure de proue de la conception occidentale d’un monde globalisĂ©, le concept de MOBILITÉ est aussi trĂšs largement exploitĂ© dans diffĂ©rents paradigmes thĂ©oriques en sciences humaines et sociales. Les auteures, sociolinguistes, retracent le profil de cette notion, partant des discours tenus Ă  propos dans leur propre discipline. Le 1er chapitre fait Ă©tat d’une rĂ©appropriation du concept issu des sciences humaines, principalement de la gĂ©ographie, sans reconceptualisation disciplinaire. D’autre part, Ă©laborĂ© discursivement dans des positions non topicalisĂ©es, le terme MOBILITÉ est davantage un prĂ©supposĂ© qu’un vĂ©ritable objet du discours. Le chapitre 2 est consacrĂ© Ă  la recherche de l’émergence conceptuelle de MOBILITÉ dans le discours sociale par l’étude des usages discursifs plus gĂ©nĂ©raux, rendue possible par le corpus Frantext (base de donnĂ©es textuelle accessible en ligne, constituĂ©e de donnĂ©es littĂ©raires et de presse contemporaine et historique). Autant qu’il reste insaisissable en sciences du langage, l’ancrage du concept de MOBILITÉ en sciences humaines est solide. L’émergence du concept en gĂ©ographie humaine et en sociologie (que l’on retrouve Ă©galement en anthropologie, en sciences politiques), partant de l’espace physique et de l’exploration concrĂšte de cet espace, est l’objet du chapitre 3. Le chapitre 4 revient aux travaux des sociolinguistes qui, le plus souvent contribuent Ă  rĂ©percuter l’injonction Ă  la mobilitĂ© constatĂ©e dans le monde social, en adoptant la MOBILITÉ comme donnĂ©e d’étude centrale sans en assurer une conceptualisation rĂ©elle, s’efforcent nĂ©anmoins de crĂ©er de nouveaux paradigmes thĂ©oriques, distinguant une tradition nord-amĂ©ricaine et une approche europĂ©enne, permettant de dĂ©passer la grammaire (la linguistique d’un systĂšme oĂč tout se tient) en rapprochant les sciences du langage des sciences humaines. Le 5Ăšme et dernier chapitre de cet ouvrage propose une conceptualisation de la MOBILITÉ propre Ă  notre domaine, la sociolinguistique, qui se veut respectueuse Ă  la fois des filiations interdisciplinaires et des objets d’étude dans la mire des sociolinguistes depuis plus d’un demi-siĂšcle. Les propositions concrĂštes donnĂ©es dans ce chapitre visent Ă  rendre opĂ©rationnelle la MOBILITÉ pour les sciences du langage, en l’inscrivant au centre d’une linguistique dĂ©sireuse d’apprĂ©hender les langues et les discours qui en tĂ©moignent comme des entitĂ©s fonciĂšrement dynamiques au sein d’un systĂšme complexe.L’originalitĂ© de cette ouvrage tient Ă©galement dans le fait que, pour approfondir les constats et propositions prĂ©cĂ©demment listĂ©s, les auteures ont invitĂ© des chercheur/es de disciplines affines comme la sociologie et la philosophie (Ch. Mincke, J.-F. Dupeyron, C. De Gourcy) Ă  Ă©clairer la notion par un objet d’étude relatif Ă  leur domaine (criminologie, Ă©ducation et immigration). TĂ©moignage de ce procĂ©dĂ© humain Ă©lĂ©mentaire qui consiste Ă  forger nos reprĂ©sentations les plus abstraites Ă  partir de l’espace perceptible, le propos de notre ouvrage encourage Ă  comprendre la mobilitĂ© comme construction d’un « chez soi » dans le langage, bien au-delĂ  des idĂ©ologies libĂ©rales

    The Ideal of Highly Mobile Prisoners. Re-Legitimating Prison through a New Paradox

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    In our paper, we develop the hypothesis of a general call for high mobility and discuss the consequences of it regarding the legitimation of prison. First, we present the method we used for an analysis of the parliamentary documents of the Belgian penitentiary law. We then examine the contemporary social representations of mobility, looking for a definition of what is seen as being properly mobile, and show how intertwined social representations of space and time result in the prevalent vision of an inevitable and constant mobility. Next, we will thus discuss the importance of seeing mobility as much more than its material facet. Our following step will be to propose a formalization of the contemporary requisite for mobility. Through four imperatives (activity, activation, participation, adaptation), the mobilitarian ideal requires each person and organization to be constantly active, mobile, flexible, networking, etc. We argue that, today, we are all meant to be highly mobile. We will apply this theoretical framework to the legitimation of prison in the parliamentary documents of the 2005 Belgian Prison Act in which prison is open and porous, good inmates are described as dynamic individuals on the move, and the legitimate penitentiary system is a paradoxical mobilization system. We will conclude by discussing the need to reshape our vision of the prison, considering its apparently paradoxical relation with mobility

    La société sans répit. La mobilité comme injonction

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    Mincke, C., et Montulet B. La sociĂ©tĂ© sans rĂ©pit. La mobilitĂ© comme injonction. Paris: Éditions de la Sorbonne, 2019

    Are prison and space what we think they are? Reconsidering space and prison through their relationships

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    Criminologists usually pay little attention to carceral spaces, and, when they do, they usually do not consider the actual space itself. Likewise, only a few geographers have paid attention to prison, and, when they did, the carceral system in itself was little more than a global context. Although obviously there are exceptions, we can see that the possibilities of a spatial approach to prison are far from being fully covered. On the contrary, carceral geography is an attempt to make criminology and geography initiate a dialogue on ‘the carceral”, one that includes all forms of detention. In my contribution, I shall try to show how space can confront prison, even in its basic principles of a closed and immobilising institution
 and how prison can help us to challenge our mere definition of space as a material dimension. On the basis of the parliamentary documents for the Belgian penitentiary law, I shall show that the representation of prison as intricated spaces (material, social, relational, etc.) helps us understand a contemporary discourse on prison and its legitimacy as an attempt to represent the prison as an open and mobilising institution. In doing so, I will also show the potential of a spatial approach to the carceral
 on the condition of accepting that space is not just a material dimension

    Ville et proximité

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    Quels sont les contours du concept de proximitĂ© ? Comment diffĂ©rentes disciplines le dĂ©finissent-ils ? En quoi peut-il ĂȘtre un instrument pour la comprĂ©hension de phĂ©nomĂšnes sociaux tels que la ville ? Est- il pertinent pour analyser un travail d'enquĂȘte sur le terrain ? Telles sont quelques-unes des questions abordĂ©es dans cet ouvrage. Au fil des contributions, tant thĂ©oriques qu’empiriques ou mĂ©thodologiques, se dĂ©ploient les potentialitĂ©s d'un concept qui Ă©claire la complexitĂ© urbaine, mais aussi les enjeux et les richesses d'une dĂ©marche interdisciplinaire. Cet ouvrage est le fruit d’un sĂ©minaire qui s'est tenu au sein de l’institut de recherches interdisciplinaires sur Bruxelles (IRIB) des FacultĂ©s universitaires Saint-Louis
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