32 research outputs found

    Identification of Genomic Regions Associated with Phenotypic Variation between Dog Breeds using Selection Mapping

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    Preschoolers communication and treatment with children in preschool. : Focusing on preschoolers experiences about children in need of special support.

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    The purpose of this study is to investigate preschool teachers' communication and treatment with children in preschool. With questions about how pre-school teachers experience the communication and what meaning they consider communication in the day-to-day activities. Sociocultural theory is used to study the communicative activities and from a phenomenological perspective, the phenomenon is described. The hermeneutic perspective conveys the experiences of the phenomenon. The methods used for the study were through qualitative interviews with preschool teachers, which consisted of structured questions and with open follow-up questions. Qualitative interview ideas were chosen when questions were made for more open answers and where the experiences form the basis of the phenomenon of communication. The result showed several different themes that formed the basis for sustainable communication in preschool. The conclusion or the very essence of the phenomenon of communication was based on the interpretative phenomenological analysis; Possibility of sustainable communication, where prototypes like time, child vision and, among other things, cooperation showed the necessity for making sustainable communication with the children in preschool and especially for children in need of special support.Syftet med denna studie handlar om att undersöka förskollÀrares kommunikation och bemötande med barn i förskolan. Med frÄgestÀllningar om hur förskollÀrare upplever kommunikationen och vilken betydelse de anser kommunikationen har i den dagliga verksamheten. Genom sociokulturell teori studeras de kommunikativa aktiviteterna och utifrÄn ett fenomenologiskt perspektiv beskrivs fenomenet. Det hermeneutiska perspektivet förmedlar upplevelserna i fenomenet. Metoden för studien skedde genom kvalitativa intervjuer med förskollÀrare som bestod av strukturerade frÄgor och med öppna följdfrÄgor. Kvalitativ intervjuguide valdes dÄ frÄgorna Àr gjorda för mer öppna svar och dÀr upplevelserna utgör grunden för fenomenet kommunikation. Resultatet visade pÄ flera olika teman som utgjorde grunden för en hÄllbar kommunikation i förskolan. Slutsatsen eller sjÀlva essensen av fenomenet kommunikation blev utifrÄn analysen interpretativ fenomenologisk analys; Möjliggörande av hÄllbar kommunikation, dÀr prototeman som tid, barnsyn och bland annat samarbete visade pÄ det nödvÀndiga för att möjliggöra en hÄllbar kommunikation med barnen i förskolan och speciellt utifrÄn barn i behov av sÀrskilt stöd

    Overview of recent cases before the Court of Justice of the European Union (September 2021-December 2021)

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    The concept of ‘working time’ for a period of stand-by time according to a stand-by system applicable to firefighters was interpreted by the Court in MG (C-214/20). In the Y case (C-636/19), the Court interpreted the concept of ‘insured person’ for the purpose of reimbursement of healthcare costs under Directive 2011/24. In the TS case (C-538/19), the Court dealt with another cross-border healthcare case. This time the question was whether a Member State can require an authorisation for cross-border healthcare to be subject to the submission of a medical report drawn up by a doctor from its national public health insurance system in light of Article 20 of Regulation 883/2004 and Article 56 TFEU. In ASGI and APN (C-462/20), the exclusion of third-country nationals from the eligibility to the Italian family card was under scrutiny. In SC (C-866/19), the Court clarified that the principle of aggregation applies to the calculation of the theoretical amount of benefit but not to the calculation of the actual amount of benefit under Article 52(1)(b) of Regulation 883/2004. In K (C-285/20), the Court held that being on sick leave and receiving sickness benefits can be considered as equivalent to the pursuit of an economic activity for the purpose of applying the rules on unemployment benefits for wholly unemployed frontier workers under Article 65(2) and (5) of Regulation 883/2004

    Overview of recent cases before the Court of Justice of the European Union (September 2021-December 2021)

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    The concept of ‘working time’ for a period of stand-by time according to a stand-by system applicable to firefighters was interpreted by the Court in MG (C-214/20). In the Y case (C-636/19), the Court interpreted the concept of ‘insured person’ for the purpose of reimbursement of healthcare costs under Directive 2011/24. In the TS case (C-538/19), the Court dealt with another cross-border healthcare case. This time the question was whether a Member State can require an authorisation for cross-border healthcare to be subject to the submission of a medical report drawn up by a doctor from its national public health insurance system in light of Article 20 of Regulation 883/2004 and Article 56 TFEU. In ASGI and APN (C-462/20), the exclusion of third-country nationals from the eligibility to the Italian family card was under scrutiny. In SC (C-866/19), the Court clarified that the principle of aggregation applies to the calculation of the theoretical amount of benefit but not to the calculation of the actual amount of benefit under Article 52(1)(b) of Regulation 883/2004. In K (C-285/20), the Court held that being on sick leave and receiving sickness benefits can be considered as equivalent to the pursuit of an economic activity for the purpose of applying the rules on unemployment benefits for wholly unemployed frontier workers under Article 65(2) and (5) of Regulation 883/2004

    Overview of recent cases before the Court of Justice of the European Union (March 2021-September 2021)

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    In this case note, nine judgments of the Court will be discussed. The first two judgments discussed concern the principle of equal treatment in relation to family benefits (S v Familienkasse and Commission v Austria). Additionally, both the first and third judgments reported relate to the interpretation of the Citizenship Directive (Directive 2004/38) (S v Familienkasse and VI). The other judgments on social security deal with the calculation of old-age pension (CC) and the legislation applicable for flight and cabin crew (INAIL and INPS) under Regulation 883/2004. The four remaining judgments are cases of discrimination on grounds of sex in the context of pensions (KM v INSS and EB v BVAEB), on grounds of age (A v HK Danmark and HK/Privat) and between temporary agency workers and 'regular' workers (Luso Temp)

    Innovation cluster for internationalization in the bioenergy field - pre-study

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    Bioenergy contributes to a sustainable energy mix in most countries worldwide, is the largest renewable energy generation and has a global development potential. Bioenergy today accounts for 60 percent of all renewable energy in the EU: 11 percent of all used energy, compared with 7 percent for all other renewable energy sources. However, the market for Swedish bioenergy and bioenergy technology in Sweden has decreased. Partly because our domestic market for new district heating installations has already been expanded and partly because the competition from electricity heating through energy efficient heat pumps in the residential segment takes over the exchange market. In order for Swedish know-how and products to grow, increased exports and visibility are important. An innovation cluster for internationalization in the bioenergy field cre-ates a meeting place that facilitates involved bioenergy companies and organizations to create sustainable growth inside and outside their own industry

    Vorwort

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    Schaeffer D. Vorwort. In: Seidel G, MeierjĂŒrgen R, Melin S, Krug J, Dierks M-L, eds. Selbstmanagement bei chronischen Erkrankungen. Baden-Baden: Nomos; 2019: 5

    Implementation of physical activity on prescription for children with obesity in paediatric health care (IMPA) : protocol for a feasibility and evaluation study using quantitative and qualitative methods

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    Background: Physical inactivity is a main cause of childhood obesity which tracks into adulthood obesity, making it important to address early in life. Physical activity on prescription (PAP) is an evidence-based intervention that has shown good effect on physical activity levels in adults, but has not been evaluated in children with obesity. This project aims to evaluate the prerequisites, determinants, and feasibility of implementing PAP adapted to children with obesity and to explore children’s, parents’, and healthcare providers’ experiences of PAP. Methods: In the first phase of the project, healthcare providers and managers from 26 paediatric clinics in Region VĂ€stra Götaland, Sweden, will be invited to participate in a web-based survey and a subset of this sample for a focus group study. Findings from these two data collections will form the basis for adaptation of PAP to the target group and context. In a second phase, this adapted PAP intervention will be evaluated in a clinical study in a sample of approximately 60 children with obesity (ISO-BMI > 30) between 6 and 12 years of age and one of their parents/legal guardians. Implementation process and clinical outcomes will be assessed pre- and post-intervention and at 8 and 12 months’ follow-up. Implementation outcomes are the four core constructs of the Normalization Process Theory; coherence, cognitive participation, collective action, and reflexive monitoring; and appropriateness, acceptability, and feasibility of the PAP intervention. Additional implementation process outcomes are recruitment and attrition rates, intervention fidelity, dose, and adherence. Clinical outcomes are physical activity pattern, BMI, metabolic risk factors, health-related quality of life, sleep, and self-efficacy and motivation for physical activity. Lastly, we will explore the perspectives of children and parents in semi-structured interviews. Design and analysis of the included studies are guided by the Normalization Process Theory. Discussion: This project will provide new knowledge regarding the feasibility of PAP for children with obesity and about whether and how an evidence-based intervention can be fitted and adapted to new contexts and populations. The results may inform a larger scale trial and future implementation and may enhance the role of PAP in the management of obesity in paediatric health care in Sweden. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT04847271, registered 14 April 2021
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