36,755 research outputs found

### Generation and complete nondestructive analysis of hyperentanglement assisted by nitrogen-vacancy centers in resonators

We present two efficient schemes for the deterministic generation and the
complete nondestructive analysis of hyperentangled Bell states in both the
polarization and spatial-mode degrees of freedom (DOFs) of two-photon systems,
assisted by the nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers in diamonds coupled to
microtoroidal resonators as a result of cavity quantum electrodynamics (QED).
With the input-output process of photons, two-photon polarization-spatial
hyperentangled Bell states can be generated in a deterministic way and their
complete nondestructive analysis can be achieved. These schemes can be
generalized to generate and analyze hyperentangled Greenberger-Horne-Zeilinger
states of multi-photon systems as well. Compared with previous works, these two
schemes relax the difficulty of their implementation in experiment as it is not
difficult to obtain the $\pi$ phase shift in single-sided NV-cavity systems.
Moreover, our schemes do not require that the transmission for the uncoupled
cavity is balanceable with the reflectance for the coupled cavity. Our
calculations show that these schemes can reach a high fidelity and efficiency
with current technology, which may be a benefit to long-distance high-capacity
quantum communication with two DOFs of photon systems

### Supernova {\beta}^- decay of nuclides 53Fe, 54Fe, 55Fe, and 56Fe in strongly screened plasma

The electron screening strong effect on the electron energy and threshold
energy of the beta decay reaction. in this paper, we study the $\beta^-$ decay
rates of some iron isotopes. The electron screening beta decay rates increase
by about two orders of magnitude. The strong screening beta decay rates due to
Q-value correction are by more than one order of magnitude higher than those of
without Q-value correction.Comment: 10 pages, 45 figures, accepted for publication in Resarch in
Astronomy and Astrophysic

### Proximity effect can induce the energy gap rather than superconducting pair potential

For an s-wave superconductor/semiconductor/ferromagnetic-insulator structure,
the proximity effect can induce the energy gap in the semiconductor rather than
the superconducting pair potential of its microscope Hamiltonian. As a result,
it is questionable to realize topological superconducting states in that
structure

### The Minimal Position of a Stable Branching Random Walk

In this paper, a branching random walk $(V(x))$ in the boundary case is
studied, where the associated one dimensional random walk is in the domain of
attraction of an $\alpha-$stable law with $1<\alpha<2$. Let $M_n$ be the
minimal position of $(V(x))$ at generation $n$. We established an integral test
to describe the lower limit of $M_n-\frac{1}{\alpha}\log n$ and a law of
iterated logarithm for the upper limit of $M_n-(1+\frac{1}{\alpha})\log n$

### Partial-fraction Expansion of Lossless Negative Imaginary Property and A Generalized Lossless Negative Imaginary Lemma

This paper studies a partial-fraction expansion for lossless negative
imaginary systems and presents a generalized lossless negative imaginary lemma
by allowing poles at zero. First, a necessary and sufficient condition for a
system to be non-proper lossless negative imaginary is developed, and a minor
partial-fraction expansion of lossless negative imaginary property is studied.
Second, according to the minor decomposition properties, two different and new
relationships between lossless positive real and lossless negative imaginary
systems are established. Third, according to one of the relationships, a
generalized lossless negative imaginary lemma in terms of a minimal state-space
realization is derived by allowing poles at zero. Some important properties of
lossless negative imaginary systems are also studied in this paper, and three
numerical examples are provided to illustrate the developed theor

### On 3-extra connectivity of k-ary n-cubes

Given a graph G, a non-negative integer h and a set of vertices S, the
h-extra connectivity of G is the cardinality of a minimum set S such that G-S
is disconnected and each component of G-S has at least h+1 vertices. The
2-extra connectivity of k-ary n-cube is gotten by Hsieh et al. in [Theoretical
Computer Science, 443 (2012) 63-69]. In this paper, we obtained the h-extra
connectivity of the k-ary n-cube networks for h=3.Comment: This paper has been withdrawn by the author due to a crucial sign
error in the main theore

### The effect of the chiral chemical potential on the chiral phase transition in the NJL model with different regularization schemes

We study the chiral phase transition in the presence of the chiral chemical
potential $\mu_5$ using the two-flavor Nambu--Jona-Lasinio model. In
particular, we analyze the reason why one can obtain two opposite behaviors of
the chiral critical temperature as a function of $\mu_5$ in the framework of
different regularization schemes. We compare the modifications of the chiral
condensate and the critical temperature due to $\mu_5$ in different
regularization schemes, analytically and numerically. Finally, we find that,
for the conventional hard-cutoff regularization scheme, the increasing
dependence of the critical temperature on the chiral chemical potential is an
artifact, which is caused by the fact that it does not include complete
contribution from the thermal fluctuations. When the thermal contribution is
fully taken into account, the chiral critical temperature should decrease with
$\mu_5$.Comment: 11 pages, 7 figure

### Survival of charged rho condensation at high temperature and density

The charged vector $\rho$ mesons in the presence of external magnetic fields
at finite temperature $T$ and chemical potential $\mu$ have been investigated
in the framework of the Nambu--Jona-Lasinio model. We compute the masses of
charged $\rho$ mesons numerically as a function of the magnetic field for
different values of temperature and chemical potential. The self-energy of the
$\rho$ meson contains the quark-loop contribution, i.e. the leading order
contribution in $1/N_c$ expansion. The charged $\rho$ meson mass decreases with
the magnetic field and drops to zero at a critical magnetic field $eB_c$, which
means that the charged vector meson condensation, i.e. the electromagnetic
superconductor can be induced above the critical magnetic field. Surprisingly,
it is found that the charged $\rho$ condensation can even survive at high
temperature and density. At zero temperature, the critical magnetic field just
increases slightly with the chemical potential, which indicates that the
charged $\rho$ condensation might occur inside compact stars. At zero density,
in the temperature range $0.2-0.5~ {\rm GeV}$, the critical magnetic field for
charged $\rho$ condensation is in the range of $0.2-0.6~ {\rm GeV}^2$, which
indicates that the high temperature electromagnetic superconductor could be
created at LHC

### Charged and neutral vector meson under magnetic field

The vector meson $\rho$ in the presence of external magnetic field has been
investigated in the framework of the Nambu--Jona-Lasinio model, where mesons
are constructed by infinite sum of quark-loop chains by using random phase
approximation. The $\rho$ meson polarization function is calculated to the
leading order of $1/N_c$ expansion. It is found that the constituent quark mass
increases with magnetic field, the masses of the neutral vector meson
$\rho^{0}$ with spin component $s_z=0,\,\pm1$ and the charged vector meson
$\rho^{\pm}$ with $s_z=0$ also increases with magnetic field. However, the mass
square of the charged vector meson $\rho^{+}$ ($\rho^{-}$) with $s_z=+1$
($s_z=-1$) decreases linearly with magnetic field and drops to zero at the
critical magnetic field $e B_c \simeq 0.2 {\rm GeV}^2$, which indicates the
possible condensation of charged vector meson in the vacuum. This critical
magnetic field is much lower than the value $eB_c=0.6 {\rm GeV}^2$ predicted by
a point-like vector meson. We also show that if we use lowest Landau level
approximation, the mass of the charged vector meson $\rho^{\pm}$ for $s_z=\pm1$
cannot drop to zero at high magnetic fields.Comment: 10 pages, 8 figure

### Scalable SUM-Shrinkage Schemes for Distributed Monitoring Large-Scale Data Streams

In this article, motivated by biosurveillance and censoring sensor networks,
we investigate the problem of distributed monitoring large-scale data streams
where an undesired event may occur at some unknown time and affect only a few
unknown data streams. We propose to develop scalable global monitoring schemes
by parallel running local detection procedures and by combining these local
procedures together to make a global decision based on SUM-shrinkage
techniques. Our approach is illustrated in two concrete examples: one is the
nonhomogeneous case when the pre-change and post-change local distributions are
given, and the other is the homogeneous case of monitoring a large number of
independent $N(0,1)$ data streams where the means of some data streams might
shift to unknown positive or negative values. Numerical simulation studies
demonstrate the usefulness of the proposed schemes.Comment: submitted to statistica sinic

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