70 research outputs found

    Design and Selection of Additional Residuals to Enhance Fault Isolation of a Turbocharged Spark Ignited Engine System

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    This paper presents a method to enhance fault isolation without adding physical sensors on a turbocharged spark ignited petrol engine system by designing additional residuals from an initial observer-based residuals setup. The best candidates from all potential additional residuals are selected using the concept of sequential residual generation to ensure best fault isolation performance for the least number of additional residuals required. A simulation testbed is used to generate realistic engine data for the design of the additional residuals and the fault isolation performance is verified using structural analysis method.Comment: 6 pages, 10 figures, To appear in 7th International Conference on Control, Decision and Information Technologies (CoDIT'20

    A Realistic Simulation Testbed of A Turbocharged Spark-Ignited Engine System: A Platform for the Evaluation of Fault Diagnosis Algorithms and Strategies

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    Research on fault diagnosis on highly nonlinear dynamic systems such as the engine of a vehicle have garnered huge interest in recent years, especially with the automotive industry heading towards self-driving technologies. This article presents a novel opensource simulation testbed of a turbocharged spark ignited (TCSI) petrol engine system for testing and evaluation of residuals generation and fault diagnosis methods. Designed and developed using Matlab/Simulink, the user interacts with the testbed using a GUI interface, where the engine can be realistically simulated using industrial-standard driving cycles such as the Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Procedures (WLTP), the New European Driving Cycle (NEDC), the Extra-Urban Driving Cycle (EUDC), and EPA Federal Test Procedure (FTP-75). The engine is modeled using the mean value engine model (MVEM) and is controlled using a proportional-integral (PI)-based boost controller. The GUI interface also allows the user to induce one of the 11 faults of interest, so that their effects on the performance of the engine are better understood. This minimizes the risk of causing permanent damages to the engine and shortening its lifespan, should the tests be conducted onto the actual physical system. This simulation testbed will serve 16 as an excellent platform where researchers can generate critical data to develop and compare current and future research methods for fault diagnosis of automotive engine systems.Comment: 64 pages, 23 figures, To appear in IEEE Control System

    Combining model-based diagnosis and data-driven anomaly classifiers for fault isolation

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    Machine learning can be used to automatically process sensor data and create data-driven models for prediction and classification. However, in applications such as fault diagnosis, faults are rare events and learning models for fault classification is complicated because of lack of relevant training data. This paper proposes a hybrid diagnosis system design which combines model-based residuals with incremental anomaly classifiers. The proposed method is able to identify unknown faults and also classify multiple-faults using only single-fault training data. The proposed method is verified using a physical model and data collected from an internal combustion engine.Funding agencies: Volvo Car Corporation in Gothenburg, Sweden</p

    Predictive Maintenance of Lead-Acid Batteries with Sparse Vehicle Operational Data

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    Predictive maintenance aims to predict failures in components of a system, a heavy-duty vehicle in this work, and do maintenance before any actual fault occurs. Predictive maintenance is increasingly important in the automotive industry due to the development of new services and autonomous vehicles with no driver who can notice first signs of a component problem. The lead-acid battery in a heavy vehicle is mostly used during engine starts, but also for heating and cooling the cockpit, and is an important part of the electrical system that is essential for reliable operation. This paper develops and evaluates two machine-learning based methods for battery prognostics, one based on Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) neural networks and one on Random Survival Forest (RSF). The objective is to estimate time of battery failure based on sparse and non-equidistant vehicle operational data, obtained from workshop visits or over-the-air readouts. The dataset has three characteristics: 1) no sensor measurements are directly related to battery health, 2) the number of data readouts vary from one vehicle to another, and 3) readouts are collected at different time periods. Missing data is common and is addressed by comparing different imputation techniques. RSF- and LSTM-based models are proposed and evaluated for the case of sparse multiple readouts. How to measure model performance is discussed and how the amount of vehicle information influences performance

    Fatigue Damage Monitoring for Mining Vehicles using Data Driven Models

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    The life and condition of a mine truck frame are related to how the machine is used. Damage from stress cycles is accumulated over time, and measurements throughout the life of the machine are needed to monitor the condition. This results in high demands on the durability of sensors, especially in a harsh mining application. To make a monitoring system cheap and robust, sensors already available on the vehicles are preferred rather than additional strain gauges. The main question in this work is whether the existing on-board sensors can give the required information to estimate stress signals and calculate accumulated damage of the frame. Model complexity requirements and sensors selection are also considered. A final question is whether the accumulated damage can be used for prognostics and to increase reliability. The investigation is performed using a large data set from two vehicles operating in real mine applications. Coherence analysis, ARX-models, and rain flow counting are techniques used. The results show that a low number of available on-board sensors like load cells, damper cylinder positions, and angle transducers can give enough information to recreate some of the stress signals measured. The models are also used to show significant differences in usage by different operators, and its effect on the accumulated damage
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