171 research outputs found

    The influence of men’s income and employment on marriage and cohabitation: testing Oppenheimer’s theory in Europe

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    "This article discusses Oppenheimer’s theory on marriage timing, reviews the way this theory was received in European demography and family sociology, and develops a new test of the theory using annual panel data from 13 European countries for the period 1994–2001. Several indicators of men’s economic status are used, including school enrollment, employment, type of labor contract, work experience, income, and education. Effects of these indicators are estimated for the transition to marriage and cohabitation, as well as for the transition from cohabitation to marriage. Country differences in these effects are examined as well. The evidence provides strong support for the male breadwinner hypothesis on the one hand, and for Oppenheimer’s career uncertainty hypothesis on the other. However, the relevance of these hypotheses also depends on the national context, and especially on the way gender roles are divided in a society." [author's abstract]Dans cet article relatif Ă  la thĂ©orie d’Oppenheimer sur le calendrier du mariage, nous examinons la maniĂšre dont cette thĂ©orie a Ă©tĂ© perçue par la dĂ©mographie europĂ©enne et la sociologie de la famille et nous testons Ă  nouveau cette thĂ©orie Ă  l’aide de donnĂ©es de panel annuel collectĂ©es dans 13 pays europĂ©ens au cours de la pĂ©riode 1994–2001. DiffĂ©rents indicateurs du statut Ă©conomique de l’homme sont utilisĂ©s, tels que la scolarisation, l’emploi, le type de contrat de travail, l’expĂ©rience professionnelle, le revenu et le niveau d’instruction. Les effets de ces indicateurs sont estimĂ©s pour l’entrĂ©e dans le mariage ou la cohabitation, ainsi que pour le passage de la cohabitation au mariage. Les diffĂ©rences entre pays des effets de ces indicateurs sont Ă©galement examinĂ©es. Les rĂ©sultats appuient fortement l’hypothĂšse de l’homme en tant que soutien Ă©conomique de la famille d’une part, et d’autre part l’hypothĂšse d’instabilitĂ© professionnelle d’Oppenheimer. Cependant, la pertinence de ces hypothĂšses dĂ©pend Ă©galement du contexte national, et plus spĂ©cialement de la rĂ©partition des rĂŽles selon le genre dans la sociĂ©tĂ© Ă©tudiĂ©e

    Weakened parent-child ties and the well-being of older divorced parents

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    Background: The consequences of declining parent-child ties after divorce have primarily been studied for children's well-being and not for parents' well-being. Some parents lose contact with their children after divorce, and one would expect that such a decline in contact hampers their emotional well-being, in particular when parents are older and children are adults. Objective: This study aims to describe the association between how much contact divorced fathers and mothers have with their children and parents' well-being in old age. Methods: This report uses a survey with a register-based oversample of divorced parents and children from the Netherlands in 2017 (N = 4,641). Parents (mean age 62) reported about life satisfaction, health, and loneliness and on contact with two adult children (mean age 34). Results: A sizeable minority of older divorced parents had little or no contact with their children, although this was more common among fathers than mothers. Parents who had little or no contact with their adult children had substantially lower levels of well-being than parents who had regular contact with their adult children. A negative association was present for mothers and fathers. Divorced parents with a (new) partner were less strongly affected by the lack of contact with children, pointing to the compensating role of partners. Conclusions: Reduced contact with adult children after divorce is strongly associated with parents' well-being. In a more general sense, the findings point to a vulnerable segment of the divorced population that is currently aging. Contribution: The study presents systematic quantitative evidence on an often assumed but rarely tested association

    Onder vier ogen

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    Uit het NKPS-onderzoek blijkt dat bij meer dan de helft van alle ouder-kind relaties wekelijks sprake is van face-to-face contact.Bij vijf procent is er helemaal geen contact.Zes procent van de moeders en negen procent van de vaders heeft het contact met ten minste Ă©Ă©n kind verbroken. Het aantal contacten per kind neemt rechtlijnig af met de grootte van de kinderschare

    Perceptions of closeness in adult parent–child dyads:Asymmetry in the context of family complexity

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    Objectives Multi-actor data show that parents’ and adult children’s evaluations of their relation do not necessarily match. We studied disagreement in parent- and child-reported closeness, comparing parent–child dyads involving separated parents, non-separated parents, and stepparents to shed new light on today’s diverse landscape of adult parent–child relations. Method Using data from the Parents and Children in the Netherlands (OKiN) survey, we analyzed closeness in parent–child dyads (N = 4,602) comparing (step)parents’ and their adult children’s (aged 25–45) reports. To distinguish directional disagreement (i.e., differences in child- and parent-reported means) from nondirectional disagreement (i.e., the association between child- and parent-reported measures), while accounting for absolute levels of closeness, we estimated log-linear models. Results All types of parents tend to report higher levels of closeness than their children. Whereas parental overreport is more prevalent among biological father–child dyads than among biological mother–child dyads, we found no differences between biological dyads and stepdyads. The association between children’s and parents’ reports is higher among dyads involving stepmothers or married mothers than among those involving separated mothers and (step)fathers. Discussion The intergenerational stake (i.e., parental overreport) is not unique to biological parent–child relations. Instead, patterns of disagreement seem most strongly stratified by gender

    Blijvers en uitvallers

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    Van degenen die in 2003 deelnamen aan de eerste ronde van de Netherlands Kinship Panel Study is in 2006 75 procent opnieuw geĂŻnterviewd. Vijftien procent weigerde om een tweede keer mee te doen en tien procent viel af vanwege overlijden, vertrek naar het buitenland of omdat ze, zelfs na herhaalde pogingen, niet opnieuw zijn bereikt. Wie zijn de uitvallers? Wie zijn degenen die niet opnieuw zijn geĂŻnterviewd? Zijn bepaalde groepen daarin oververtegenwoordigd? Het antwoord op deze vragen is van belang om te kunnen bepalen of de tweederonde respondenten nog een goede afspiegeling vormen van de Nederlandse bevolking