255 research outputs found

    Kinetic field theory for cosmic structure formation

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    Kinetic field theory is a new analytic approach to cosmic structure formation which avoids some of the notorious problems in this field. I will briefly review the foundations of the theory and then highlight four recent results, concerning the asymptotic behaviour of power spectra, a mean-field approximation to particle interactions, perturbation theory, and structure formation in modified gravity.</p

    Triaxiality in galaxy clusters: Mass versus Potential reconstructions

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    Accounting for the triaxial shapes of galaxy clusters will become important in the context of upcoming cosmological surveys. We show that, compared to the gas density distribution, the cluster gravitational potential can be better characterised by a simple 3D model and is more robust against fluctuations. Perturbations in the gas density distribution can have a substantial influence on the derived thermodynamic properties, while cluster potentials are smooth and well-approximated by a spheroidal model. We use a statistical sample of 85 galaxy clusters from a large cosmological hydrodynamical simulation to investigate cluster shapes as a function of radius. In particular, we examine the shape of isodensity and isopotential shells and analyze how it is affected by the choice of component (gas vs. potential), substructure removal (for the gas density) and the definition of the computation domain (interior vs. shells). We find that the orientation and axis ratios of gas isodensity contours are degenerate with the presence of substructures and unstable against fluctuations. We observe that, as the derived cluster shape depends on the method used for removing the substructures, thermodynamic properties extracted from e.g. X-ray emissivity profiles suffer from this additional, often underestimated bias. In contrast, the shape reconstruction of the potential is largely unaffected by these factors and converges towards simple geometric models for both relaxed and dynamically active clusters. The observation that cluster potentials are better represented by simple geometrical models and reconstructed with a low level of systematics for both dynamically active and relaxed clusters suggests that by characterising galaxy clusters by their potential rather than by their mass, dynamically active and relaxed clusters could be combined in cosmological studies, improving statistics and lowering scatter.Comment: Updated with referee's comments, revised version submitted to A&A, 16 pages, 14 figure

    Kinetic Field Theory: Perturbation theory beyond first order

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    We present recent improvements in the perturbative treatment of particle interactions in Kinetic Field Theory (KFT) for inertial Zel'dovich trajectories. KFT has been developed for the systematic analytical calculation of non-linear cosmic structure formation on the basis of microscopic phase-space dynamics. We improve upon the existing treatment of the interaction operator by deriving a more rigorous treatment of phase-space trajectories of particles in an expanding universe. We then show how these results can be applied to KFT perturbation theory by calculating corrections to the late-time dark matter power spectrum at second order in the interaction operator. We find that the modified treatment of interactions w.r.t. inertial Zel'dovich trajectories improves the agreement of KFT with simulation results on intermediate scales compared to earlier results. Additionally, we illustrate that including particle interactions up to second order leads to a systematic improvement of the non-linear power spectrum compared to the first-order result.Comment: 26 pages, 4 figure

    On the asymptotic behaviour of cosmic density-fluctuation power spectra

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    We study the small-scale asymptotic behaviour of the cosmic density-fluctuation power spectrum in the Zel'dovich approximation. For doing so, we extend Laplace's method in arbitrary dimensions and use it to prove that this power spectrum necessarily develops an asymptotic tail proportional to k3k^{-3} , irrespective of the cosmological model and the power spectrum of the initial matter distribution. The exponent 3-3 is set only by the number of spatial dimensions. We derive the complete asymptotic series of the power spectrum and compare the leading- and next-to-leading-order terms to derive characteristic scales for the onset of non-linear structure formation, independent of the cosmological model and the type of dark matter. Combined with earlier results on the mean-field approximation for including particle interactions, this asymptotic behaviour is likely to remain valid beyond the Zel'dovich approximation. Due to their insensitivity to cosmological assumptions, our results are generally applicable to particle distributions with positions and momenta drawn from a Gaussian random field. We discuss an analytically solvable toy model to further illustrate the formation of the k3k^{-3} asymptotic tail.Comment: 22 pages, 4 figues, to be submitted to SciPost Physics Added arguments to section 1 and section 5, results unchange

    On the asymptotic behaviour of cosmic density-fluctuation power spectra of cold dark matter

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    We study the small-scale asymptotic behaviour of the cold dark matter density fluctuation power spectrum in the Zel'dovich approximation, without introducing an ultraviolet cut-off. Assuming an initially correlated Gaussian random field and spectral index 0<ns<10 < n_s < 1, we derive the small-scale asymptotic behaviour of the initial momentum-momentum correlations. This result is then used to derive the asymptotics of the power spectrum in the Zel'dovich approximation. Our main result is an asymptotic series, dominated by a k3k^{-3} tail at large wave-numbers, containing higher-order terms that differ by integer powers of kns1k^{n_s-1} and logarithms of kk. Furthermore, we show that dark matter power spectra with an ultraviolet cut-off develop an intermediate range of scales, where the power spectrum is accurately described by the asymptotics of dark matter without a cut-off. These results reveal information about the mathematical structure that underlies the perturbative terms in kinetic field theory and thus the non-linear power spectrum. We also discuss the sensitivity of the small-scale asymptotics to the spectral index nsn_s.Comment: 21 pages, 1 table, 6 figures; to be submitted to SciPost Physic

    Kinetic field theory: Non-linear cosmic power spectra in the mean-field approximation

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    We use the recently developed Kinetic Field Theory (KFT) for cosmic structure formation to show how non-linear power spectra for cosmic density fluctuations can be calculated in a mean-field approximation to the particle interactions. Our main result is a simple, closed and analytic, approximate expression for this power spectrum. This expression has two parameters characterising non-linear structure growth which can be calibrated within KFT itself. Using this self-calibration, the non-linear power spectrum agrees with results obtained from numerical simulations to within typically 10%\lesssim10\,\% up to wave numbers k10hMpc1k\lesssim10\,h\,\mathrm{Mpc}^{-1} at redshift z=0z = 0. Adjusting the two parameters to optimise agreement with numerical simulations, the relative difference to numerical results shrinks to typically 5%\lesssim 5\,\%. As part of the derivation of our mean-field approximation, we show that the effective interaction potential between dark-matter particles relative to Zel'dovich trajectories is sourced by non-linear cosmic density fluctuations only, and is approximately of Yukawa rather than Newtonian shape

    Model Independent Analysis of Supernova Data, Dark Energy, Trans-Planckian Censorship and the Swampland

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    In this Letter, we consider the model-independent reconstruction of the expansion and growth functions from the Pantheon supernova data. The method relies on developing the expansion function in terms of shifted Chebyshev polynomials and determining the coefficients of the polynomials by a maximum-likelihood fit to the data. Having obtained the expansion function in a model-independent way, we can then also determine the growth function without assuming a particular model. We then compare the results with the predictions of two classes of Dark Energy models, firstly a class of quintessence scalar field models consistent with the trans-Planckian censorship and swampland conjectures, and secondly a class of generalized Proca vector field models. We determine constraints on the parameters which appear in these models.Comment: 11 pages, 6 figure
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