2,754 research outputs found

    Contracting in the Absence of Specific Investments and Moral Hazard: Understanding Carrier-Driver Relations in U.S. Trucking

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    This paper considers functions of contracting other than the protection of relationship-specific investments and the provision of marginal incentives, and applies the theory to explain variation in the form of compensation of over-the-road truck drivers in the U.S. Specifically, we argue that contracts in this industry serve to economize on the costs of price determination for heterogeneous transactions. We show that the actual terms of those contracts vary systematically with the nature of hauls in a way that is consistent with the theory. By contrast, we find that vehicle ownership, which defines a driver's status as an owner operator or company driver, depends on driver, but not trailer or haul, characteristics.

    Authority and Commitment: Why Universities, Like Legislatures, Are Not Organized as Firms

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    Peer Reviewedhttp://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/bitstream/2027.42/71954/1/j.1530-9134.2006.00113.x.pd

    The Effects of Respite Care on Care Providers of People with Disabilities

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    Respite care has been an intervention used by families taking care of a member with a disability for many years to provide the caregivers with a break from the daily care-taking duties of taking care of a family member with a disability. Though research has been conducted on this topic in a variety of areas (ie: needs for and availability of respite services), measurable outcomes and personal benefits is one area that has not been the focus of much investigation. Thus the purpose of this investigation was to examine the impact of a respite care program on levels of perceived life satisfaction and leisure involvement of caregivers. The sample (n = 55) for this study consisted of caregivers of individuals with disabilities who participated in a week-long respite care intervention. The Diener Satisfaction with Life Scale was administered to this group both prior to and post the respite care intervention. Also as part of the investigation a listing of personally chosen activities were rated by the caregivers to determine if differences in type and intensity levels of activities participated in varied between pre and post respite care. Results indicated that personally perceived life satisfaction increased significantly post respite care. It also was observed that while the types of activities participated in pre and post respite care were similar, the intensities in which these activities were participated in increased during respite. Implications from this study include the possibility of providing pre respite care leisure education to the caregivers to increase their awareness about the benefits of leisure and possibilities that exist for them. Also, through this same intervention, some family leisure education could be examined to provide caregivers with ideas about how to expand the opportunities for their entire family, including the member with a disability

    Unemployment Compensation - Pregnancy - Federal Unemployment Tax Act 26 U.S.C. § 3304(a)(12)

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    The United States Supreme Court has held that § 3304(a)(12) of Federal Unemployment Tax Act which mandates that no person shall be denied compensation under state law solely on basis of pregnancy or termination of pregnancy only prohibits state from singling out pregnancy for unfavorable treatment; it does not mandate preferential treatment for women who leave work because of pregnancy and Missouri statute which denies unemployment compensation to claimant who has left work voluntarily without good cause attributable to his work or to his employer was consistent with the Federal Unemployment Tax Act which provides that no state participating in federal state unemployment compensation program shall deny compensation solely on basis of pregnancy or termination of pregnancy. Wimberly v. Labor & Indus. Relations Comm\u27n, 107 S. Ct. 821 (1987)